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UTA - SOCI 1311 - Class Notes - Sociology Chapter 4: Society

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UTA - SOCI 1311 - Class Notes - Sociology Chapter 4: Society

School: University of Texas at Arlington
Department: Sociology
Course: Intro to Sociology
Professor: Dorothy Kalanzi
Term: Fall 2015
Tags:
Name: Sociology Chapter 4: Society
Description: These notes include the chapter four material for the exam
Uploaded: 09/19/2016
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background image Chapter 4: Society Exam is still being worked out
Exam will cover the first four chapters
If it is blackboard friendly, it will be on blackboard. If not, it will be in class
Make sure you read well! 
Update: Exam is on blackboard, open from 6pm Monday (9/19) to 11:59pm Tuesday (9/20)
● Society ○ People who interact in a defined territory and share culture ● Visions of Society ● Perspectives ○ Social change and the evolution of society ○ Karl Marx ■ Society in conflict ■ Highlights the struggle between segments of society over valued resources such as: ● Capitalists ○ The people who own  and operate businesses for maximum profit ● Proletariats ○ The people who sell  their labor for wages ■ The economy is the basis of society ■ False Consciousness ● Explaining social problems as  shortcomings of individuals rather than society ■ Class consciousness ● When workers recognize that they  are a class and they unite against capitalists ■ Marx believed that workers must replace false  consciousness with class consciousness and rise against and destroy 
capitalism
■ “Workers of all Lands, Unite!” ■ The history of all existing societies is the history of  class struggles, conflict over the distribution of  wealth and power ■ Marx thought that in time, workers would realize  they hold the key ● Change would be revolutionary and  possibly violent
background image ● Marx believed a socialist society  would bring class conflict to an end ■ Capitalism ■ Alienation ● Experience of isolation and misery  resulting from powerlessness ● Capitalism alienates workers in 4  ways ○ Alienates through the  act of working ■ Worke rs have no say ■ Work  is tedious and repetitive ○ From the products of  work ■ Worke rs have no ownership in the product of their work ○ From other workers ■ Work  becomes competitive, not cooperative ○ From developing their full human potential ■ Only  trained in one thing ■ Can’t  develop all possible skills ○ Gerhard Lenski ■ Technology ■ Technology moves society forward ● Society moves from simple to  complex ○ Simple resemble one  another ­ people are homogeneous ● The more complex the society, the  more cultural diversity they have ○ Max Weber ■ The power of ideas ■ Reason, ideas as the mover of society ■ Traditional to rational society

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School: University of Texas at Arlington
Department: Sociology
Course: Intro to Sociology
Professor: Dorothy Kalanzi
Term: Fall 2015
Tags:
Name: Sociology Chapter 4: Society
Description: These notes include the chapter four material for the exam
Uploaded: 09/19/2016
4 Pages 15 Views 12 Unlocks
  • Better Grades Guarantee
  • 24/7 Homework help
  • Notes, Study Guides, Flashcards + More!
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