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TTU - SOC 1300 - Class Notes - Week 3

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TTU - SOC 1300 - Class Notes - Week 3

School: Texas Tech University
Department: Sociology
Course: The Why and How of Social Services
Professor: Robert Wood
Term: Fall 2016
Tags:
Name: SW 1300_Week 3 Notes.
Description: These notes are over the lecture. And keep in mind, we had a guest lecturer Friday, September 16.
Uploaded: 09/19/2016
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background image More Inequalities
Ancestry
Nothing affects social standing as does birth into a particular family.
Has strong bearing on schooling, occupation, and income.
o
i.e. going to Tech and having the last name Ralls (business school). Race
Is linked closely to social position in the U.S.
Social ranking also involves ethnicity. Gender
Both men and women are found in families at every social level.
However, on average, women have less income, wealth, and 
occupational prestige than men.
Single­parent families headed by women are three times more likely to 
be poor than those headed by men.
Social Classes in the USA
Capitalist
Prestigious University­Investors/Heirs.
$500,000/1%.
o
Business owners. Upper Middle
College or University (often post grad), Professionals and upper 
management.
$100,000+/15%.
o
Doctors/lawyers Lower Middle
High school or college/apprenticeship, Semi­professionals, craftspeople, 
lower managers.
$60,000/34% Working Class
High school, factory workers, clerical, retail sales
$35,000/30%. Working Poor
Some high school, laborers, service workers, low paid sales
$17,000/16% Underclass
Some high school, unemployed, part time, on government assistance
Under $10,000/4% The Difference Class Make
Health
Children in poor families three times more likely to die during first year of 
life.
On average, rich live seven years longer.
background image Safer and less stressful environments, better medical care. Values
“Old Rich” (wealthy) have strong sense of family history. Affluent people more tolerant of controversial behavior.
Because very few people have power over them. Education Religion
The churches will give different messages. Family Life
Lower Class
Encourage children to conform to conventional norms and resect 
authority.
Upper Class
Teach individuality and imagination. Social Mobility
Intragenerational Social Mobility
A change in social position occurring during a person’s lifetime. Intergenerational Mobility
Upward Social Mobility.
i.e. each generation adds to land. Downward Social Mobility
i.e. Carnegie family. Structural Mobility Social Mobility and Race, Gender, and Marriage
Women have less change because of the type of jobs they hold. This is also true of minorities. Compared to singles, married men and women work harder and save more. Divorce makes social standing go down.
Divorced couples support two households. The American Dream: Still a Reality?
Expectation of upward social mobility is rooted in U.S. culture. Disturbing Trends
For man workers, earnings have stalled. More jobs offer little income. Young people are remaining at home. Over the past generation
Rich have become richer. Low­paying jobs has brought downward mobility for millions.
i.e. income can’t keep up with inflation. Poverty in the U.S.
Relative Poverty
The deprivation of some people in relation to those who have more.

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School: Texas Tech University
Department: Sociology
Course: The Why and How of Social Services
Professor: Robert Wood
Term: Fall 2016
Tags:
Name: SW 1300_Week 3 Notes.
Description: These notes are over the lecture. And keep in mind, we had a guest lecturer Friday, September 16.
Uploaded: 09/19/2016
6 Pages 13 Views 10 Unlocks
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  • Notes, Study Guides, Flashcards + More!
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