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UF - FIL 1702 - Study Guide

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UF - FIL 1702 - Study Guide

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background image Week1:  -rock and roll grew out of blues country jazz gospel western etc

-rock and roll a mixture of sounds genres cultures/music was originally very segregated there 
was white music and black music and rock began to take root when the two started to mix

-ballad: story song

-European African and Caribbean music made its way to America and shaped American music 
and ultimately rock and roll

-first instrument to come over from Africa: drum
-first wind instrument: shephards flute -guitar---->Spanish
-"a song is born"(1948) Louis Armstrong, tommy Dorsey, Danny goodman, Mel Powell, Louis B et 

-in early years especially rock and roll was perceived as a threat to Am. Culture 

-rock a showcase of technology 

-rock has undergone a linear, evolutionary process 

-1920s: virtually no mass media, all regional/78 rpm, 3 min(one song) to a side---> all live 

-1930s: AM becomes dominant mass medium/long playing record: 33 1/3 rpm by RCA and 45 
rpm by Columbia

-1940s: nuclear weapons, tv, LP records, 1949: 45 rpm records most popular for distributing rock 
thru the 1960s

-1950s: tv mainstream, u could see what artists looked like

-music becomes big business after WWII, becomes especially popular with kids teens etc

-original labels: Columbia, RCA, Capitol, Mercury, Atlantic, Warner

-current labels: Warner, Sony, universal----> most belong to Sony

-indie labels capitalized on success of rock in 1950s(sun records, vee-jay records etc)

-after WWII world needed America's help and so factories blossomed adult workers flocked to 
these freeing up time and disposable money for teenagers to use to grow rock 
-rock especially early on was rebellion and nonconformist as it wasn't a mainstream accepted 
genre yet

-fine art(high brow): literature, performing arts(theatre, drama), music(classical, opera)
background image -required training, instruction

-folk art(low brow): pop culture(pop art, pop music), tradition(primitive, tribal)
-education and tutelage not necessarily needed
-after WWII: new instruments, recording techniques etc

-1877: phonograph by Thomas Edison 

-1890s: radio developed

-1931: electric guitar

-1936: first billboard music chart

-3 most basic instruments of rock: guitar, bass, drums

-solid body electric guitar defines rock and roll

-transistor radio enabled rise of rock and roll(shirt pocket radios etc---> made music portable, led 
to cars having radios, led to white people hearing black music

-"the train kept a-rollin'": tiny bradshaw(1950), Johnny brunette & rock & roll trio(1956), the 
yardbirds(1965), Aerosmith(1974), Imelda May(2011)

-1951: Cleveland disc jockey Alan freed began broadcasting rhythm and blues and country 
music for a multi racial audience and coined term "rock and roll"

-1890s: Tin Pan Alley: formulaic songs/sentimental ballads 
-pianos, professional songwriters and singers
-Early 1900s: Broadway: musical theater---> Cohan, Gershwin etc

-early 1900s: ragtime---> Scott Joplin(had first crossover hit--->"maple leaf rag", sold a million 
copies of sheet music)
-developed out of rough areas(whore houses etc) in New Orleans 
-hillbilly/ western music: poor white Americans, rural areas mainly in south, now called country 

-R & B: originally "race music" performed by blacks for blacks

-race music: late 1800s early 1900s: first real music to convey deep feelings
-gritty vocal quality, speech-like rhythm in delivery
-W.C. Handy: 
-1873-1958: the "father of blues" mainly cuz he called himself that - first person to physically write down a blues song -biggest hit "St. Louis Blues" written 1914
background image

-Ma Rainey: 
-"mother of blues" -born in Columbus Ga. -1886-1939 -recorded some 100 songs for Paramount -rock hall of fame inductee: 1990 -"lost wandering blues"(1923) -"see see rider blues"(1925)
-Bessie smith: 
-Rock HOF: 1989 -believed first person to sell half a million copies(780,000) of a record("St. Louis Blues"  originally written by W.C. Handy)
-"empress of blues" -became highest paid artist at her time($2,400 a yr) -death exaggerated
-Trixie Smith: "my man rocks me(with one steady roll)"(1922)

-Lucille Bogan: 
-risqué/ hokum blues -"shave em dry"(1935) -shave em dry: sex with no foreplay such as up against a wall etc
-Blind Lemon Jefferson: 
-1893-1929 -"match box blues"(1927) -Carl Perkins covered above in 1956, The Beatles "" 1964
-Blind Willie McTell: 
-1898-1959 -"Statesboro blues"(1928) -above covered by The Allman Brothers in 1971

background image

Week2:   8/29/2016:   Early Jazz:   - Jelly Roll Morton:  -"Black Bottom Stomp"(1926)/very influential because he introduced pianos to jazz - Louis Armstrong:  -"St. James Infirmary"(1928) -Hillbilly(country) music: -music associated with rural white south and southwest -reflects values and traditions of performers -early radio played major role in popularizing hillbilly music -musical elements: -clear honest vocal style -southern dialect and accent -down to earth lyrics - Gid Tanner & the Skillet Lickets--> "Soldier's Joy"(1929) -first drug song, about narcotics soldiers took when injured  - Charlie Daniels Band--> "The Devil Went Down To Georgia"(1979) - Big Bill Bronzy---> "Key To the Highway"(1941) -done by Derek & the Dominoes in 1971 -Big Bill Bronzy penned some 300 songs in his career - The Sweet Violet Boys--> "Sweet Violets"(1938) - Jimmie Rodgers:  -to country music what Woody Guthrie was to folk music -"father of country music" -"the singing brakeman"(he sang about trains a lot) - Bob Wills: -country music set to big band/Western swing  -Bob Wills and His Texas Playboys--> "Sittin' on Top of the World" - Hank Williams(1923-1953): -widely regarded as single most influential country/hillbilly artist -"Move It On Over"(1947)/"Hey Good Lookin'"(1951) -29 when he died in back of his Cadillac on New Year's Eve driving to next gig on West  Virginia   tour -Gospel: -black gospel-->"race music" & blues music - Mahalia Jackson -"The Queen of Gospel" -white gospel--> "hillbilly music" -The Humbard Family--> "I'll Fly Away"(1940) -Boogie-Woogie: -piano, strong beat, jazz elements, African influenced, arose out of lumber yards in Texas in  20s and 30s - Big Joe Turner and Pete Johnson--> "Roll 'Em Pete"(1938)

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School: University of Florida
Department: Journalism Core
Course: Rock' 'N' Roll & American Society
Professor: David Carlson
Term: Fall 2016
Tags: midterm and Studyguide
Name: MMC 1702 Rock n Roll in American Society Midterm Study Guide
Description: Midterm exam study guide for exam on Monday 9/26/16. Covers lectures for weeks 1-5 and all the readings.
Uploaded: 09/19/2016
19 Pages 52 Views 41 Unlocks
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