MMC 1702 Rock n Roll in American Society Midterm Study Guide
MMC 1702 Rock n Roll in American Society Midterm Study Guide MMC1702
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This 19 page Study Guide was uploaded by Devin Fabian on Monday September 19, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to MMC1702 at University of Florida taught by Carlson,David E in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 92 views. For similar materials see Rock' 'n' Roll & American Society in Journalism at University of Florida.
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Date Created: 09/19/16
Week1: -rock and roll grew out of blues country jazz gospel western etc -rock and roll a mixture of sounds genres cultures/music was originally very segregated there was white music and black music and rock began to take root when the two started to mix -ballad: story song -European African and Caribbean music made its way to America and shaped American music and ultimately rock and roll -ﬁrst instrument to come over from Africa: drum -ﬁrst wind instrument: shephards ﬂute - guitar---->Spanish -"a song is born"(1948) Louis Armstrong, tommy Dorsey, Danny goodman, Mel Powell, Louis B et al -in early years especially rock and roll was perceived as a threat to Am. Culture -rock a showcase of technology -rock has undergone a linear, evolutionary process -1920s: virtually no mass media, all regional/78 rpm, 3 min(one song) to a side---> all live recordings -1930s: AM becomes dominant mass medium/long playing record: 33 1/3 rpm by RCA and 45 rpm by Columbia -1940s: nuclear weapons, tv, LP records, 1949: 45 rpm records most popular for distributing rock thru the 1960s -1950s: tv mainstream, u could see what artists looked like -music becomes big business after WWII, becomes especially popular with kids teens etc -original labels: Columbia, RCA, Capitol, Mercury, Atlantic, Warner -current labels: Warner, Sony, universal----> most belong to Sony -indie labels capitalized on success of rock in 1950s(sun records, vee-jay records etc) -after WWII world needed America's help and so factories blossomed adult workers ﬂocked to these freeing up time and disposable money for teenagers to use to grow rock -rock especially early on was rebellion and nonconformist as it wasn't a mainstream accepted genre yet -ﬁne art(high brow): literature, performing arts(theatre, drama), music(classical, opera) -required training, instruction -folk art(low brow): pop culture(pop art, pop music), tradition(primitive, tribal) -education and tutelage not necessarily needed -after WWII: new instruments, recording techniques etc -1877: phonograph by Thomas Edison -1890s: radio developed -1931: electric guitar -1936: ﬁrst billboard music chart -3 most basic instruments of rock: guitar, bass, drums -solid body electric guitar deﬁnes rock and roll -transistor radio enabled rise of rock and roll(shirt pocket radios etc---> made music portable, led to cars having radios, led to white people hearing black music -"the train kept a-rollin'": tiny bradshaw(1950), Johnny brunette & rock & roll trio(1956), the yardbirds(1965), Aerosmith(1974), Imelda May(2011) -1951: Cleveland disc jockey Alan freed began broadcasting rhythm and blues and country music for a multi racial audience and coined term "rock and roll" -1890s: Tin Pan Alley: formulaic songs/sentimental ballads -pianos, professional songwriters and singers -Early 1900s: Broadway: musical theater---> Cohan, Gershwin etc -early 1900s: ragtime---> Scott Joplin(had ﬁrst crossover hit--->"maple leaf rag", sold a million copies of sheet music) -developed out of rough areas(whore houses etc) in New Orleans -hillbilly/ western music: poor white Americans, rural areas mainly in south, now called country music -R & B: originally "race music" performed by blacks for blacks -race music: late 1800s early 1900s: ﬁrst real music to convey deep feelings -gritty vocal quality, speech-like rhythm in delivery -W.C. Handy: -1873-1958: the "father of blues" mainly cuz he called himself that - ﬁrst person to physically write down a blues song -biggest hit "St. Louis Blues" written 1914 -Ma Rainey: - "mother of blues" -born in Columbus Ga. -1886-1939 - recorded some 100 songs for Paramount -rock hall of fame inductee: 1990 - "lost wandering blues"(1923) - "see see rider blues"(1925) -Bessie smith: -Rock HOF: 1989 -believed ﬁrst person to sell half a million copies(780,000) of a record("St. Louis Blues" originally written by W.C. Handy) - "empress of blues" - became highest paid artist at her time($2,400 a yr) - death exaggerated -Trixie Smith: "my man rocks me(with one steady roll)"(1922) -Lucille Bogan: - risqué/ hokum blues - "shave em dry"(1935) -shave em dry: sex with no foreplay such as up against a wall etc -Blind Lemon Jeﬀerson: -1893-1929 -"match box blues"(1927) - Carl Perkins covered above in 1956, The Beatles "" 1964 -Blind Willie McTell: -1898-1959 - "Statesboro blues"(1928) -above covered by The Allman Brothers in 1971 Week2: 8/29/2016: Early Jazz: -Jelly Roll Morton: -"Black Bottom Stomp"(1926)/very inﬂuential because he introduced pianos to jazz - Louis Armstrong: -"St. James Inﬁrmary"(1928) -Hillbilly(country) music: -music associated with rural white south and southwest -reﬂects values and traditions of performers -early radio played major role in popularizing hillbilly music - musical elements: -clear honest vocal style -southern dialect and accent -down to earth lyrics - Gid Tanner & the Skillet Lickets--> "Soldier's Joy"(1929) - ﬁrst drug song, about narcotics soldiers took when injured - Charlie Daniels Band--> "The Devil Went Down To Georgia"(1979) - Big Bill Bronzy---> "Key To the Highway"(1941) -done by Derek & the Dominoes in 1971 -Big Bill Bronzy penned some 300 songs in his career - The Sweet Violet Boys--> "Sweet Violets"(1938) - Jimmie Rodgers: - to country music what Woody Guthrie was to folk music - "father of country music" - "the singing brakeman"(he sang about trains a lot) - Bob Wills: - country music set to big band/Western swing -Bob Wills and His Texas Playboys--> "Sittin' on Top of the World" - Hank Williams(1923-1953): - widely regarded as single most inﬂuential country/hillbilly artist -"Move It On Over"(1947)/"Hey Good Lookin'"(1951) - 29 when he died in back of his Cadillac on New Year's Eve driving to next gig on West Virginia tour -Gospel: -black gospel-->"race music" & blues music - Mahalia Jackson -"The Queen of Gospel" -white gospel--> "hillbilly music" -The Humbard Family--> "I'll Fly Away"(1940) -Boogie-Woogie: -piano, strong beat, jazz elements, African inﬂuenced, arose out of lumber yards in Texas in 20s and 30s - Big Joe Turner and Pete Johnson--> "Roll 'Em Pete"(1938) -Big Band Swing: - "white man jazz" - generally 20-40 musicians in band and several singers on every song -"Sing, Sing, Sing"(1937), Benny Goodman on clarinet, Gene Krupa on drums -Jump Blues: - up tempo and almost always had a horn section -"Choo Choo Ch'Boogie"(1946) by Louis Jordan -"Good Rockin' Tonight"(1948) by Wynonie Harris - some consider to be ﬁrst rock song -Elvis covered it in 1954/Paul McCartney in 1991 -"Just A Gigolo/I Ain't Got Nobody"(1956) by Louis Prima - incorporated all the current trends into his music/very hip relevant music -actor, songwriter, trumpeter etc -Bluegrass: - Bill Monroe most famous of bluegrass people -"Blue Moon of Kentucky" -covered by Elvis in 1954 -Folk: - subject matter of folk is diﬀerent/protest music - Woody Guthrie -"This Land Is Your Land"(1940) -sarcastic depression song - often played with a "This machine kills fascists" sticker on his guitar - Billie Holiday -"Strange Fruit"(1939) _______________________ 8/31/2016: -Pop: - Bing Crosby -one of ﬁrst to gain fame in pop music/conservative image, wore cardigan smoked pipe etc/did tv later in his life - Fred Astaire -one of ﬁrst to be a big song and dance person, and have his music in movies - Frank Sinatra -one of the ﬁrst rock stars, had girls going crazy over him, groupies etc -in 1940s he combined elements of jazz and tin-pan alley to create his sound of music -many believe he was ﬁrst to do concept album -in 1950s a new "mature" Sinatra emerged -he did not think to highly of rock n roll nor did anyone except teenagers, he had very negative opinions of Elvis initially but warmed up to him eventually -his daughter Nancy did song "These Boots Are Made For Walkin'"(1966) - The Mills Brothers -"Paper Doll" number one hit from 1943-44(3 months Nov-Jan) - The Ink Spots -some say their sound led to R & B and Doo-wop - Dinah Shore -"Sweet Violets"(1951, #3) - Patti Page - "(How Much Is) That Doggie In the Window"(1953, #1 for 8 weeks) -many believe certain pop songs and things prevalent in pop music drove people, especially youngsters to embrace rock and roll -Mississippi Delta Blues: - Highway 61 -Louisiana to Minnesota -some say this area was birth place of rock and roll -many musicians journeyed along this route in order to improve their careers - Bob Dylan named an album after the highway -delta blues began on Dockery Plantation in Ruleville, Miss. - Charley Patton - "father of delta blues" -one generation removed from slavery - showman, quite the performer - The Great Mississippi River Flood(1927) - most destructive river ﬂood in history of USA -246 people in 7 diﬀerent states died - Charley Patton wrote "High Water Everywhere" after the ﬂood - Bob Dylan redid the song and released it on 9/11/2001(coincidence) - Bob Dylan -inﬂuenced by Robert Johnson, Charley Patton and early blues artists - Memphis Minnie & Kansas Joe McCoy - "When The Levee Breaks"(1929) -redid by Led Zeppelin in 1969 but Zeppelin gave no credit to Memphis Minnie & "" -Led Zeppelin sued for copyright infringement some twenty times throughout their career - Lead Belly -nickname because he could drink a lot of whiskey - strong vocal, virtuoso on 12 string guitar - folk musician - went to prisons 4 times, twice for murder -"Cotton Fields"(1940) -redid by Creedence Clearwater Revival in 1969 -"Pick A Bale Of Cotton"(1938) -covered by ABBA in 1978 -"The Gallows Pole"(1939) -covered by Led Zeppelin in 1970 -"Where Did You Sleep Last Night"(1939) -covered by Nirvana in 1994 -above 4 songs weren't originals by Lead Belly either - major inﬂuencer of future generations of music - John Lomax - contributed to Am. musical literature as a member of Library of Congress - discovered Lead Belly - Son House - strong repetitive rhythms, incorporated gospel elements in his blues music -life was religion and music -supposedly killed a guy in self defense went to jail, got out started music career in 1930s -music career was short lived in 1930s but didn't take oﬀ until he was rediscovered in 1960s while he was working on New York Central Railroad -"John The Revelator"(1965) -his song "Motherless Children" covered by The Steve Miller Band in 1969 and Eric Clapton in 1974 -his song "Death Letter Blues" covered by White Stripes in 2000 - Robert Johnson - very little known about him - only 2 known pictures of him exist - "The Great Man Theory" -very much can be learned about something from looking at a few speciﬁc incredibly proliﬁc people -9 brothers and sisters, father fairly prosperous -born 1911 in Hazelhurst, Mississippi - moved to Memphis changed his name to Spencer after dispute with white man so he ﬂed so wouldn't get lynched -harmonica player and very bad guitarist especially when young -disappeared for a little while and comes back and could magically play guitar now -had faithful meeting with devil where he traded soul to become best guitarist ever, meeting rumored to have happened in Clarksdale, Mississippi at crossroads of highway 61 and highway 49 - ﬁrst prominent member of 27 club, this and his deal with devil story turned him into a legend -only 2 recording sessions in his career in the 1930s 1) The Gunther Hotel in San Antonio(Monday Nov. 23rd, 1936) - recorded music facing wall turned into corner -recorded 8 songs that day -3 days later Thursday Nov. 26th, 1936 recorded 1 more song - got paid Monday then got drunk locked up for 2 days so didn't record again than Thursday -Friday Nov. 27th, 1936 recorded 7 more songs 2) Brunswick Records Building(June of 1937) -Saturday June 20th, 1937 3 songs -Sunday June 21st, 1937 10 songs - compilation album came out in 1961 - key moment in rock n roll history -"Hellhound on My Trail"/"Traveling Riverside Blues"/"Sweep My Broom"/"Cross Road Blues"/"Love In Vain"/"Walkin' Blues" - Eric Clapton did a whole cover album of his music called "Mr. Johnson & I" - 1911-1938 - poisoned to death by a juke joint owner, whose wife has been ﬂirting with Johnson -died 3 days later a most excruciating death where it is said that he barked like a dog on his knees -friend rejected whiskey that was brought to him but eventually another bottle was brought to him and he drank it -his death certiﬁcate wasn't recovered until 1968 and it said he died of syphilis -has 3 graves near Greenwood where he died and no one knows for sure which one he's buried at -had 8 aliases during his life, one of the reasons he was so hard to trace - Keb Mo' played him in a semi biographical ﬁlm titled "Can You Hear The Wind Howl"(1998) Week 3: 9/7/2016: New Orleans: - where jazz and what we now call R & B were born Jazz: - Jelly Roll Morton: - "a creole of color"(someone of shared heritage) - claimed to have invented jazz - did ﬁrst published jazz song - introduced piano to jazz - started playing in a brothel when he was 12 -"King Porter Stomp"(1924)/"Black Bottom Stomp"(1926)/"Jelly Roll Blues"(1926) -nickname a reference to female genitalia considering he played in brothels etc, but also because of his aﬃnity for the pastries called jelly rolls -1923: Rhythm Kings recorded with Jelly Roll Morton for ﬁrst interracial recording ever - Original Dixieland Band: -1917: had ﬁrst jazz recording - Louis Armstrong: - "Ambassador of Jazz" - horn player, singer, entertainer -"Potato Head Blues"(1928)/"St. Louis Blues"(1928)/"St. James Inﬁrmary"(1928) - "Hello Dolly"(1964, #1 US) - oldest person to top billboard singles(age 63), also ended The Beatles' streak of 3 straight number ones in US at time - "What a Wonderful World"(1967, #32) - peak year of Vietnam war, RFK assassinated(1968), MLK assassinated(1968) -was a hit again in 1987 after being featured in a Robbin William's movie -"Good Morning, Vietnam" -ﬁrst heard sound of a cornet(early version of trumpet) at the Funky Butt in New Orleans -his personality and showmanship often times overshadowed his musical genius - Professor Longhair: - active in 2 completely diﬀerent eras(50s/70s) in 2 diﬀerent styles of music -"Bald Head"(1949)/"Go to the Mardi Gras"(1959)/"Big Chief"(1964) -also nicknamed "Bach of Rock" for his masterful piano delivery - probably his most famous song: - "Tipitina"(1953) - didn't start playing till his 30s on piano that was missing keys -his style in New Orleans was called "Rumba Boogie" - in 1960s he became a janitor to support himself after gambling away his money - career revived in 1971 - his comeback record: - "Crawﬁsh Fiesta"(1979) - Dr. John: - biggest disciple of Professor Longhair -"Right Place Wrong Time"(1973) -R & B: - Cosimo Matassa: - owned studio that became responsible for New Orleans sound(J & M studios) - Fats Domino: - huge in R & B, able to cross over into rock and roll -"The Fat Man"(1950) - "Ain't That A Shame"(1955, #10 Pop, #1 R & B) -song covered by Pat Boone in 1955/Cheap Trick(1979)/John Lennon(1975)/Paul McCartney - Imperial Records, his sessions produced by Dave Bartholomew - sold more rock and roll records(65 million records) in 50s than anyone but Elvis - most covered artist by British Invasion bands - sort of disappeared in 1980s and there was speculation as to whether he had died during Hurricane Katrina in 2005 in New Orleans(he didn't die in Katrina) - Pat Boone: - sold millions of records and appeared in a dozen ﬁlms - basically stole other artists songs -covered songs as little as a week after their release and took them as his own -laws at the time didn't really prevent him from doing this - Dave Bartholomew: - produced Fat Domino's songs -"My Ding-a-Ling"(1952) - Earl Palmer: - credited with inventing the preeminent beat of rock and roll(called the "back beat") - Lloyd Price: -when ﬁrst discovered at age 17 he didn't have a band so record label hired Dave Bartholomew's band to play with him - "Lawdy Miss Clawdy"(1952/#1 R & B) -covered by Elvis in 1956 -known as "Mr. Personality" - Allen Touissant: -often wrote as "Naomi Neville"(his mother's name) - composer, musician, important in the "back room" of rock and roll -wrote for Ernie K-Doe -"Mother In Law"(1961)/"A Certain Girl"(1962) - Ernie's wife ran him for mayor of New Orleans after Katrina even though he was already dead -wrote for Lee Dorsey - at one point was a prize ﬁghter/childhood friend of Fats Domino -"Ride Your Pony"(1965)/"Ya Ya"(1961, #7 pop, #1 R & B) - opened up for The Clash on the US leg of their 1980 tour -wrote for Chris Kenner - started singing in church in his hometown of Kenner, Louisiana -"I Like It Like That"/"Land Of A Thousand Dances"(1962) - Smiley Lewis: - "The Unluckiest Man In New Orleans" - did a lot of songs that Fats Domino then covered and made into hits - "I hear You Knockin'" - a hit in both the 50s and 70s -covered by Dave Edmunds in 1970(#4) - Dave Edmunds had drummer as front man - Huey "Piano" Smith & his Clowns: -"Rockin' Pneumonia & the Boogie-Woogie Flu" -"Don't You Just Know It"(1958) - Clarence "Frogman" Henry: - nickname because he sang like a frog -"I Ain't Got A Home" - Irma Thomas: - she won a Grammy for best Blues album in 2007 - "Time Is On My Side"(1964) - covered by The Rolling Stones roughly a month later - Aaron Neville: - "Tell It Like It Is"(1967, #2) -tough times with drugs and jail before he and his brothers hooked up to form The Neville Brothers - Shirley & Lee: -"Feels So Good"(1956) - Earl Palmer was drummer on this song -"Let The Good Times Roll" - Frankie Ford: -"Sea Cruise" Week 4: 9/12/2016: Delta/rural blues -moved to the city and became urban blues aka electric blues - Tractor/cotton gin - took away employment from blacks in south - so when northern factory jobs opened up during WWII blacks ﬂocked to north Electric Blues - The Big Three(The Holy Trinity) Muddy Waters Howlin' Wolf John Lee Hooker - all 3 born in Mississippi and went on to record in Chicago(Wolf and Waters for chess records) Chess Records - arguably most inﬂuential indie blues label -founded by Leonard and Phil Chess -artists received, upon having a hit, what they thought was a free Cadillac but it really came out of their royalties - 2120 S. Michigan Ave. Eta James - "At Last" singer/chess records artist Muddy Waters - The Rolling Stones named their band after one of his songs -"Rollin' Stone"(1950) - also inﬂuenced the name of the magazine -grandmother gave him that nickname because when he was young he played in the mud -many consider ﬁnest blues artist of all time - put chess records on the map in the early 1950s - hugely inﬂuential on Eric Clapton - recorded for Alan Lomax who preserved his and many other's music for Library of Congress -"I Just Want to Make Love to You"(1954) -covered by The Rolling Stones in 1964 -"You Shook Me"(1962) -covered by Led Zeppelin in 1969 -"You Need Love"(1962) - Led Zeppelin stole this song and did not give it proper credit in 1969 -"Whole Lotta Love" - led to a lawsuit in 1980s that was settled out of court Howlin' Wolf - 6'6, 300 pounds -"How Many More Years"(1951) - Led Zeppelin again stole this song in 1969 "How Many More Times" -"Smokestack Lightnin'"(1956) -covered by like of The Animals, Aerosmith, Lynyrd Skynyrd -"Spoonful"(1960) -covered by Cream in 1966 -"Back Door Man"(1961) -covered by The Doors in 1967 -"I Ain't Superstitious"(1961) Willie Dixon - co-wrote many of the songs done by Muddy Waters and Howlin' Wolf(who were enemies) - he was one who actually sued Led Zeppelin and got paid undisclosed amount - also wrote for Bo Diddley and Chuck Berry(played bass for them to) John Lee Hooker - recorded for all diﬀerent labels under all diﬀerent names - didn't care about label contracts he recorded wherever - only member of The Holy Trinity who lived long enough to enjoy rock star status -his style was referred to as "walking blues" -"Boogie Chillun"(1948) - some say ﬁrst rock song - Crawlin' Kingsnake"(1948) -covered by The Doors in 1971 -"One Bourbon, One Scotch, One Beer"(1966) -"Boom Boom" - biggest hit of his career - performed this in 1980 cult classic "The Blues Brothers" Elmore James - perhaps covered more than any other Chicago artist - born in Mississippi, recorded for Chess Records -"Shake Your Moneymaker"(1949) -"The Sky Is Crying"(1960) -"One Way Out"(1960) - died in helicopter crash ________________________ 9/14/2016: Sam Phillips producer/ﬁrst rock and roll guy/big ear for talent opened Memphis Recording Studios, later called Sun Records The "delivery room of rock n roll" 706 Union Avenue Marion Keisker played huge role in Sun Records as well Sun Records started 1952 called "sun" because a new beginning, fresh start "The little label that changed history" along with chess records changed course of rock n roll history(indie labels) discovered Elvis, Roy Orbison, Johnny cash, Jerry Lee Lewis, many of artists below Ike Turner many consider his meeting with Sam Phillips most important moment in rock and roll history "Rocket 88"(1951) Rocket 88 was a model of car at time equipment was damaged on way to record and Sam Phillips said lets use that equipment anyway and so they did and it produced distinctive sound of rock and roll B.B. King discovered by Sam Phillips "King of the Blues" along with Muddy Waters Howlin' Wolf discovered by Sam Phillips " Moanin' at Midnight"(1951) Rufus Thomas discovered by Sam Phillips "Bear Cat"(1953) answer to "Hound Dog"(not Elvis's version, his not till 1956) Junior Parker discovered by Sam Phillips "Mystery Train"(1953) lyrics "mystery train" never actually appear in song Elvis redid a year later and was one of his biggest hits The Prisonaires discovered by Sam Phillips actually prisoners(quintet) "Just Walkin' in the Rain"(1953) Elvis Presley 1/8/1935-8/16/1977(Tupelo, Mississippi-Memphis, Tennessee) catalyst of rock n roll performed white music in black way and black music in white way nicknames Elvis the Pelvis The Hillbilly Cat The King of Rock n Roll "Don't Be Cruel" Marion Keisker urged Sam Phillips to give Elvis a chance, she was ﬁrst to record him Elvis came in and recorded some acetate records for his mother for $3.25 "My Happiness"(1953) Elvis a twin, but his brother Jesse died at birth very close with his mother Gladys deﬁned not just rock in terms of sound, but in terms of: attitude fashion style was symbol of rebellion to young people, symbol of evil to parents his manners eventually won nearly everyone over Sam Phillips teamed him up with Bill Black(bass player) and Scotty Moore(guitar) "That's All Right"(July 19th,1954/Sun Records #209) original version by Arthur "Big Boy" Crudup in 1946 black song that Elvis lent a white sound to "Blue Moon of Kentucky"(b-side to "That's All Right") original version done by Bill Monroe in 1947 white song that Elvis lent a black sound to Dewey Phillips radio celebrity and DJ in Memphis who gave Elvis a lot of air time "Good Rocking Tonight"(1954) "I'm Left, You're Right, She's Gone"(1954) Elvis never wrote a song "I Forgot to Remember to Forget"(1955/#1 Country) only one of Elvis's songs during his time at Sun Records that charted #1 1955: Elvis meets Col. Tom Parker or "Prince of Darkness", immigrant from Holland this is when Elvis's career really took oﬀ(moved from Sun Records to RCA) Col. Tom Parker got half of all $ Elvis earned, even after death(most managers get 15-25%) "Heartbreak Hotel"(#1/ﬁrst of his mainstream #1 hits) "Hound Dog"(#1 for 11 weeks, paired with "Don't Be Cruel" become ﬁrst song all time to top Pop, R & B and Country charts at same time) original version by Big Mama Thornton(1953) "Love Me Tender"(#1, Elvis had 4 #1's in one year, forced tv to take notice) Sept. 9th, 1956: Ed Sullivan Show appearance Dec. 4th, 1956: "The Million Dollar Quartet"(Elvis, Jerry Lee Lewis, Johnny Cash, and Carl Perkins have chance run in at Sun Records) 1957: 4 more #1 hits "All Shook Up" "Jailhouse Rock"/also a movie he appeared in 33 movies in 15 year period Served two years in army from 1958-1960 in Germany stayed in limelight by releasing compilations etc His mother died in 1958 and this in conjunction with his military service changed him for life ____________ "Are You Lonesome tonight"(#1/1960) "Stuck on You"(#1/1960) "(Marie's the Name) His Latest Flame (#4/1961) "Little Sister"(#5/1961) "Can't Help Falling In Love"(#2/1961) "Return To Sender"(#2/1962) Holds record for most songs charting on billboards top 40 Kurt Russell has portrayed Elvis in several ﬁlms both of the theater and tv variety Elvis paid $1,000,000 for his role in 1964 ﬁlm "Harum Scarum" at time highest amount ever paid to an actor "Viva Las Vegas" was a well received movie by Presley it spawned his fascination with Vegas subsequently shaped much of his later career highest grossing ﬁlm of Elvis' s career "Viva Las vegas"(#29/1964) Marries Priscilla Presley in 1967(divorced in 1972) Elvis had many aﬀairs it is said he felt weird about having sex with mother of his child he had hot temper and was a jealous man Priscilla had aﬀair with her karate instructor after divorce they walked out of courthouse hand in hand Comeback: 1968: tv christmas special titled "Elvis" aired Dec. 3rd First tv appearance in 7 years highest rated NBC program of year "If I Can Dream" referencing MLK's assassination was ﬁnale of show 1969: released songs throughout year ﬁrst time in seven or eight years that he recorded music for something other than a movie soundtrack ﬁrst time he ever worked with a legitimate producer Aug. 1969: 57 shows in 4 weeks in Vegas generated $1,500,000 "In the Ghetto"(#3/1969) ﬁrst top ten in 4 years ﬁrst non-gospel top ten in 6 years "Only the Strong Survive"(1969) "Suspicious Minds"(#1/1969) ﬁrst number one in 5 years last number one of his career 1970's(jumpsuit years): "The Wonder of You"(1970/top ten hit) "Burning Love"(#2/1972) his last top ten hit Dec. 21, 1970 made a Federal Agent at Large for the Bureau of Narcotics and Dangerous Drugs under Nixon Administration "Always on My Mind"(1972/written by Willie Nelson) Aloha From Hawaii(via satellite on Jan. 14th, 1973) First global concert satellite broadcast Most watched broadcast by an individual entertainer in tv history 1.5 billion viewers worldwide Elvis' s entourage called "The Memphis Maﬁa" literally payed to hang out with Elvis "Steamroller Blues"(1973) Released 5 live albums where it was just recordings of him talking to audience during shows later in career was short of breath so couldn't sing songs one after another so he engaged audience in between songs or simply hummed until next song Died Aug. 16th, 1977 at 42 of massive heart attack discovered on his bathroom ﬂoor One of his cousins accepted $18,000 to secretly photograph Elvis at his funeral in casket last known pic of Elvis "Before Elvis there was nothing" -John Lennon Graceland second most visited house in america after the White House "Stranger in my Own Hometown"(1969) Week 5: Elmore James: Recorded for Chess Records Known for his guitar skills and not his songwriting Even though his songs have been widely covered Slide guitar technique Using something other than your ﬁngers(bone, knife etc) to strum guitar "Shake Your Moneymaker"(1959) "The Sky is Crying"(1960) "One Way Out"(1960) "Bleeding Heart"(1965) Jimi Hendrix covered in 1968 Otis Spann: Chicago's leading post WWII pianist In Muddy Water's band from 1952-1968 Regular session man at Chess Records Recorded with Howlin' Wolf, Bo Diddley and many others "It Must Have Been a Devil"(1960) Little Walter Jacobs: Blues harmonica player Revolutionary approach to playing the harmonica First and only person to be inducted into rock n roll HOF as harmonica player "Juke"(#1 R & B/1952) "My Babe"(#1 R & B/1955)