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MTSU - PSY 2300 - Class Notes - Week 4

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MTSU - PSY 2300 - Class Notes - Week 4

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background image Developmental Psychology with Dr. Marshall week 4 Lecture notes 9/15/16
Child Development
Historically, children had the role of little adults. They worked (child labor still exists 
in some parts of the world)
Medieval children viewed as “talented pets” no special love/treatment
Different laws for children is a modern notion (no juve), severe beatings for 
discipline, rooted in religion
Birth of child meant future laborer to help financially secure the family
1900- 200 million children working
Compulsory education (Massachusetts first state to enact law in 1852, Mississippi 
last state to enact law in 1918)
Physical Childhood Development
1. Kids are getting bigger (childhood obesity) due to overnutrition
2. Why? Technology (screen time), food choices (easier access to fast food), 
socio-econ status (less nutritious, high fat foods are less money i.e. 
cheeseburger is $2, salad is $7)
3. Children in the south have higher obesity rates
4. Correlations with entertainment media: kids do worse in school, get less 
sleep, higher risk of obesity, higher risk of illicit risky behavior TV best practices: limit screen time, media location (don’t put the tv in the kid’s 
room), monitor (time chart and limit) 
Premack principle : do less desirable task first.. do homework before going out or  watching tv
Watch tv together and discuss
Prosocial Modeling : have children watch things with good messages and set good  examples
Motor Skills
Age 2: picks up small objects, walks unassisted
Age 4: cutes paper, walks down stairs, approximates circle, catches a ball
Age 5: writes name, throws a ball
Age 6: copies words, hops on 1 foot, catches and controls a smaller ball
Researchers reported 40% of young children are unprepared when it comes to the 
demands of kindergarten classrooms.
Early childhood education readiness skills have more to do with social interaction 
then reading, writing, arithmetic.
Potty Training: Behaviorism. Psychologists advocate for positive reinforcement over 
punishment
Behaviorism : applied behavioral analysis (B.F. Skinner) ABC’s : Antecedents, Behaviors, Consequences Basic Operant Conditioning Principles Reinforcer must reinforce immediately, the more you wait the less meaningful
the reinforcement is
Behavior Modification Steps 1. Identify problem behavior
2. Select target behavior to replace problem behavior

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School: Middle Tennessee State University
Department: Psychology
Course: Developmental Psychology
Professor: Seth Marshall
Term: Fall 2016
Tags: Psychology
Name: Psychology 2300 week 4
Description: these notes cover the lecture on 9/15
Uploaded: 09/19/2016
2 Pages 19 Views 15 Unlocks
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