Limited time offer 20% OFF StudySoup Subscription details

UMass - ART 115 - Class Notes - Week 3

Created by: Tan-Tan Narcisse Elite Notetaker

> > > > UMass - ART 115 - Class Notes - Week 3

UMass - ART 115 - Class Notes - Week 3

0 5 3 83 Reviews
This preview shows pages 1 - 4 of a 13 page document. to view the rest of the content
background image 9/26/16 
Art History 115 
Professor W. Denny 
Lecture+Reading Notes 
 
 
The Way of Saint James: Romanesque Art and the Frontier with Islam 
 
● The Romanesque Culture and Artistic Style:    Relationship between style and culture 
 
● Romanesque  ○ Title that describes medieval art/architecture which looks Roman-like 
○ 11-12 century or 1000 ce -1150 ce  
○ Some places extend well into the 13th century 
● Birth  ○ Roman Empire (RE) had advance tech/developments 
○ Europe has fallen apart which includes RE 
■ Destroyed by cataclysm  (e.g. Mongol Invasions) 
■ “             ” by political corruption 
■ Roman Catholic Monastery survives 
● Kept alive by bible 
● “                  ” culture 
■ Europe can’t support cities of any size  ● People lived near soil 
● 90% of people produce their own food 
○ Europe is getting back on its feet ( around 1100 ce)  ■ Christians were obsessed with making the pilgrimage (hard trip) to Santiago  ● Pilgrimage was considered an act of repentance and humility towards  God  ● Sure enough, there was art on the way leading to the  ​shrine ​of St. James  ● The shrine of St. James was located in Santiago de Compostela in Spain    ■ Shrines  ● Was considered Sacred 
● Contains bodily remains a.k.a 
​relics​ of Saints (e.g. teeth, hair, bones  possessions)  ● Worship near shrine ensured granted wish 
● Dead Saints intercede with God on behalf of pilgrims/christians 
■ Europe ( between 11 & 12 century)  ● Monasteries became wealthier  ○ Source of wealth were Pilgrimages 
background image ○ Especially for monasteries that contains relics of highly  esteemed saints  ● Monasteries were autonomous  ○ Had their own source of agriculture to support others  ● Central France : Tournus and Cluny  ○ They began to replace ruined buildings  ■ Based off of books 
■ “                 ” remains 
● Cassino and St. Benedict: monastery found in Italy  ○ The prototype  ■ Old fashion 
■ Early Basilica with wooden roof 
● Cluny (Mid of 12th century): Greatest Monastery of the Middle Ages  ○ Autonomous community 
○ Beginning of 12th Century, had the largest church in Europe 
○ Sent out members to find other monasteries (i.e. create other 
monasteries) creating a Cluny system  ○ Completely destroyed except one through the French Revolution  ● Maria Laach in Germany:   ○ Surviving Romanesque Monastery 
○ Oriented west 
east (The idea was to make the Atrium face   Jerusalem)  ○ Rounds archs 
○ Thick walls 
○ Small windows 
○ Tall towers 
○ Groin vaults 
  The Pilgrimage Church of Ste. Foi at Conques: a case study    ● Pilgrims/Christians  passed Conques for the next Abbey (Agen) as they’re on their way to  St. James  ○ Agen had the Relics of Ste. Foy 
○ Conques lost money in Pilgrimage and tourism 
○ As a result stoler remains from Ste. Foy from Agen 
■ Used pilgrims donations to pay for cameo-and jewel encrusted gold-and  silver reliquary ( contains Ste.Foy’s skull)  ■ Reliquary: Recycled head of Roman sculpture  ○ Spread of stone vaulting throughout Europe was to provide a comfortably  honorable setting for relics  ○ And because of enhanced acoustics for the Christian Liturgy    
 
background image Typical Romanesque Church   
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
● Consist of  ○ West front 
○ Nave 
○ Aisles 
○ Transepts: arms of the church 
○ Crossing: place where transepts and nave intersect 
○ Choir: just east of crossing 
○ Apse 
○ Ambulatory  
○ Radiating chapels (Apsidioles): little apses 
background image   West Front    ● Symmetrical 
● Heavy 
● Peaking roofs 
● Made of rubble /concrete 
● Sometimes 2 Clochers (bell tower) 
● Tympanum : consists of semi-circle with relief sculpture 
○ Sculpture refers to judgement day 
○ Same scene for every Romanesque church 
○ Refers to a society obsessed with sin/judgement 
○ Designed to be frightening 
○ Interest in spirit is greater than interest in body 
○ Antibody of spiritual & cultural environment 
● Trumeau : supports the Tympanum 
● Jambs: side post of the doors 
● Lintel: horizontal beam above doorway 
● Voussoirs: wedge shaped blocks that form archivolt and frame of Tympanum and arch 
  The Interior    ● Nave 
● Choir 
● Crossing 
● Ambulatory: to get to absidioles ( contains relics of saints) 
● Octogonal Dome on Squinches 
  St. Sernin in Toulouse (designed for first Bishop named St. Sernin)    
Fun Fact: There were Regional differences in Romanesque art during 11th&12th century, an example is 
noted in north and south of France where each region spoke a slightly different language but had a 
common ground in Latin for a few words. 
● Much larger church but the same style  ○ 1080-1120 
○ Designed for pilgrims 
○ Much bigger than Ste. Foy 
○ Provided additional space for curious pilgrims, worshipers, and liturgical processions. 
  Floor Map of St. Sernin (Regular & 
Geometrical) 
 
 

This is the end of the preview. Please to view the rest of the content
Join more than 18,000+ college students at University of Massachusetts who use StudySoup to get ahead
School: University of Massachusetts
Department: Art
Course: Visual Art, Artists, & Cultures
Professor: Walter Denny
Term: Fall 2016
Tags: Art History
Name: Art Hist 115, week 4 notes
Description: Sorry guys, I will also be posting week 3...It's taking longer than it should.
Uploaded: 09/19/2016
13 Pages 41 Views 32 Unlocks
  • Better Grades Guarantee
  • 24/7 Homework help
  • Notes, Study Guides, Flashcards + More!
Join StudySoup for FREE
Get Full Access to UMass - ART 115 - Class Notes - Week 3
Join with Email
Already have an account? Login here
×
Log in to StudySoup
Get Full Access to UMass - ART 115 - Class Notes - Week 3

Forgot password? Reset password here

Reset your password

I don't want to reset my password

Need help? Contact support

Need an Account? Is not associated with an account
Sign up
We're here to help

Having trouble accessing your account? Let us help you, contact support at +1(510) 944-1054 or support@studysoup.com

Got it, thanks!
Password Reset Request Sent An email has been sent to the email address associated to your account. Follow the link in the email to reset your password. If you're having trouble finding our email please check your spam folder
Got it, thanks!
Already have an Account? Is already in use
Log in
Incorrect Password The password used to log in with this account is incorrect
Try Again

Forgot password? Reset it here