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MSU - MTH 350 - Study Guide - Midterm

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MSU - MTH 350 - Study Guide - Midterm

School: Michigan State University
Department: Math
Course: Human Gross Anatomy
Professor: Lindsey Jenny
Term: Fall 2016
Tags:
Name: ANTR 350 LEARNING OBJECTIVES STUDY GUIDE TEST 1
Description: These cover what is going to be on the first exam
Uploaded: 09/19/2016
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background image ANTR 350 Unit 1 Learning Objectives  Fall 2016 Introduction to Anatomy □ Describe anatomical position using anatomical terminology
□ Define the following terms used for spatial orientation/directions and be able 
to give an example of each term in a sentence. o Anterior (ventral)/ Posterior (dorsal)
o Medial/Lateral
o Proximal/Distal
o Superior/Inferior
o Superficial/Deep
□ Identify all of the body regions on Figure 1.8 Key Regions o Practice describing these body regions in relation to one another using  anatomical direction terms- Example “The abdomen is superior to the 
pelvic region.”
□ Describe the difference between the anatomical use of the following terms  and the laymen’s (every day usage) of the term: o Leg
o Arm 
□ Define the 3 standard anatomical planes ( Figure 1.5 Anatomic Position and  Body Planes ) o Sagittal (mid sagittal and para sagittal) 
o Frontal (coronal)
o Transverse (horizontal)
□ Describe the difference between a midsagittal plane and a (para)sagittal  plane. □ Identify the planes used to make the 4 abdominal quadrants
□ Identify the planes used to make the 9 abdominal regions (no need to 
memorize the names of the 9 body regions). □ Identify the following on Figure 1.9 Body Cavities o Anterior (ventral) body cavity
o Posterior (dorsal) body cavity
o Cranial cavity
o Vertebral canal
o Thoracic cavity
o Diaphragm (in between adnominal and thoracic) 
o Abdominal cavity
o Pelvic cavity
o Mediastinum 
□ List the ventral body cavity subdivisions lined with serous membranes. ( Table 1.4 Body Cavities) o Thoracic, diaphragm, abdominal, pelvic Independent Reading- Chapter 4: Tissue Level of Organization □ List the 4 principal tissues found in the body
□ Describe the 4 functions of epithelial tissue
□ Describe how epithelial tissue is classified
1
background image ANTR 350 Unit 1 Learning Objectives  Fall 2016 o List where you would find the following: Simple epithelium Stratified epithelium Pseudostratified epithelium □ Describe the 3 main characteristics of connective tissue
□ List the 6 functions of connective tissue
□ Describe the function and location(s) of the following types of connective 
tissue:  o Adipose
o Dense regular
o Hyaline cartilage
o Fibrocartilage
□ List the 4 types of membranes found in the body and describe the general  functions and locations of each membrane □ List the 3 types of muscle tissue and describe their general functions and  locations □ Define the following terms:  o Voluntary
o Involuntary
□ List the two types of neural tissue and describe the basic function of each  type Independent Reading Chapter 5: Integumentary System □ List the structures included in the integumentary system
□ Describe the 6 functions of the integumentary system
□ Describe the role of melanin in the color of the epidermis
□ Define the following terms and explain how these terms relate to regulating 
body temperature: o Vasoconstriction
o Vasodilation
□ Describe the functions of the hypodermis (aka superficial fascia) Skeletal System Overview □ List the functions of the skeletal system
□ List the 5 different types of bones and give an example of each. (
Figure 6.3  Classification of Bone by Shape ) □ Identify the following on Figure 6.4 Gross Anatomy of a Long Bone o Diaphysis
o Epiphyses
o Periosteum
o Articular cartilage
o Endosteum
o Compact bone
o Spongy bone
2
background image ANTR 350 Unit 1 Learning Objectives  Fall 2016 □ Describe the process of intramembranous ossification and give an example of a bone that develops from intramembranous ossification □ List the major steps of endochondral ossification and give an example of a  bone that develops from endochondral ossification o Explain the difference between a primary ossification center BECOMES  FIRST PART OF BONE TO OSSIFY 8 TH  FETAL WEEK (aka diaphysis) and a  secondary ossification center (aka epiphysis) SECOND PART TO OSSIFY,
HAS MULTIPLE, 2 MO – 18 YRS)
□ List the steps of fracture repair o Fracture hematoma forms
o Fibrocartilage callus forms
Regenerated blood capillaries infiltrate fracture site o Fracture sit is reorganized into an actively growing connective tissue  procallus o Fibroblasts produce collagen fibers within it to connect bones
o Procallus becomes fibrocartilaginous callus
o Bony callus forms
o Bone is remodeled 
□ Specify the bone cells responsible for absorbing bone, depositing bone, and  monitoring bone □ Categorize the terms listed in the table for  Figure 6.17 Bone Markings  in  terms of describing: o A type of bony projection- Examples- processes, tubercles
o A type of bony depression- Example- fossa
o A type of bony opening- Example –foramen
o A type of articulating surface (2 or more bones touching each other)-
Example-condyle □ Distinguish between the bones of the axial skeleton and the appendicular  skeleton □ Describe how osteoporosis affects the skeleton- ( See Clinical View- Osteoporosis in Chapter 6 ). o Weakens bone both itself and structurally
o Calcium and bone matrix are lost
Especially in spongy bone o Menopause 
o Women especially because we have less bone density than men
o No estrogen 
Independent Reading: Chapter 9 Articulations 9.1-9.5a  □ Describe the relationship between joint stability and joint mobility
□ Explain the difference between functional classification of joints and 
structural classification of joints. o Structural classification of joints divides into fibrous, cartilaginous, and  synovial joints and depends on the material composing the joint and 
precense of joint cavity
3

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School: Michigan State University
Department: Math
Course: Human Gross Anatomy
Professor: Lindsey Jenny
Term: Fall 2016
Tags:
Name: ANTR 350 LEARNING OBJECTIVES STUDY GUIDE TEST 1
Description: These cover what is going to be on the first exam
Uploaded: 09/19/2016
11 Pages 34 Views 27 Unlocks
  • Better Grades Guarantee
  • 24/7 Homework help
  • Notes, Study Guides, Flashcards + More!
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