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ETSU - SOC 3310 - Class Notes - Week 5

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ETSU - SOC 3310 - Class Notes - Week 5

School: East Tennessee State University
Department: Sociology
Course: Criminology
Term: Fall 2016
Tags:
Name: SOCI 3310 Criminology Chapter 5 Vocab
Description: All chapter 5 vocabulary
Uploaded: 09/19/2016
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background image SOCI 3310-904 Ch. 5 Terms absolute deterrence: the effect of having some legal punishment versus the effect of having no 
legal punishment.
certainty: the likelihood of being arrested. classical school: a school of thought popular in the eighteenth century in Europe. Its main 
assumptions were that criminals act rationally and that the severity of legal punishment should be 
restricted to the degree necessary to deter crime.
deterrence theory: the belief that the threat or application of legal punishment prevents criminal 
behavior.
Enlightenment: an intellectual movement in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries that 
challenged medieval religious beliefs.
expressive offenses: crimes committed for emotional reasons and with little or no planning. general deterrence: deterrence that occurs when members of the public decide not to break the law
because they fear legal punishment.
instrumental offenses: crimes committed for material gain and with some degree of planning. marginal deterrence: the effect of increasing the severity, certainty, and/or swiftness of legal 
punishment.
objective deterrence: the impact of actual legal punishment. positivism: the view that human behavior and attitudes are influenced by forces both external and 
internal to the individual.
rational choice theory: the view that people plan their actions and weigh the potential benefits and 
costs of their potential behavior.
routine activities theory: the view that an individual's daily activities can affect his or her chances 
of becoming a crime victim.
severity: whether someone is incarcerated and, if so, for how long. situational crime prevention: efforts in specific locations that aim to make it more difficult for 
offenders to commit crimes against potential victims.
specific deterrence: deterrence that occurs when offenders already  punished for lawbreaking decide not to commit another crime because they do not want to face legal consequences again. subjective deterrence: the impact of people's perceptions of the likelihood of arrest and 
punishment.

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School: East Tennessee State University
Department: Sociology
Course: Criminology
Term: Fall 2016
Tags:
Name: SOCI 3310 Criminology Chapter 5 Vocab
Description: All chapter 5 vocabulary
Uploaded: 09/19/2016
2 Pages 13 Views 10 Unlocks
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