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Towson - SOC 101002 - Class Notes - Week 4

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Towson - SOC 101002 - Class Notes - Week 4

School: Towson University
Department: Sociology
Course: Introduction to Sociology
Professor: Jason Freeman
Term: Fall 2016
Tags: sociological and Theory
Name: Sociology 101, Week 4 Notes
Description: These notes cover the lecture given during class.
Uploaded: 09/19/2016
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background image Sociological Theory  Structural­functional approach: a framework building theory that sees society as a 
complex system whose parts work together to promote solidarity and stability
Social structure: any relatively stable pattern of social behavior Social functions    : the consequences of a social pattern for the operation of society as a  whole  Manifest functions: the recognized and intended consequences of any social pattern Latent functions: the unrecognized and unintended consequences of any social pattern Social dysfunction    : any social pattern that may disrupt the operation of society Globalization of the economy, a rising flow of immigrants, and increasing inequality of 
income are all factors that disrupt existing social patterns
Social conflict approach    : a framework for building theory that sees society as an arena of  inequality that generates conflict and change Gender­conflict theory: the study of society that focuses on inequality and conflict 
between women and men (feminism)
Harriet Martineau (1802­1935): first woman sociologist (English) Jane Addams (1860­1935) US sociologist pioneer helped found Hull House, a chicago  settlement house that provided assistance to immigrant families Racial­conflict theory: the study of society that focuses on inequality and conflict 
between people of different racial & ethnic categories
Ida Wells Barnett (1862­1931) born slave but became teacher journalist newspaper  publisher + campaigned for racial equality & to put an end to lynching black people William Edward Burghardt Du Bois (1868­1963) born to poor Massachusetts 
family enrolled at Fisk University then Harvard where he earned 1st doctorate 
awarded by that university to a person of color Founded Atlanta Sociological  Laboratory (important center of sociological research in early decades of last century) Macro­level orientation    : a broad focus on social structures that shape society as a whole Micro­level orientation: a close­up focus on social interaction in specific situations Symbolic­ interaction approach    : a framework for building theory that sees society as the  product of everyday interactions of individuals everyday What is a Theory? Theory    : a statement of how & why specific facts are related Sociologists formulate & test theories and utilize theoretical frameworks to guide our 
research
o Theoretical framework: a basic image of society that guides thinking and research 3 major theoretical frameworks in sociology: 1. Structural­functional Approach 2. Social Conflict Approach
background image 3. Symbolic Interactionalist Approach  Structural­Functional Approach  Originally formulated by Auguste Comte Framework for building theory that sees society as a complex system whose parts work 
together to promote solidarity and stability 
Emphasizes how various institutions lead to the proper functioning of society o Criminal justice system Maintains order for society o Education system Produces workers for industry Teaches people how to be productive citizens o Religion Teaches citizens proper morals A key weakness of this approach is that any dysfunction can be seen as a function, so 
everything is good for society
Social­Conflict Approach Karl Marx A framework for building theory that sees society and an area of inequality that generates
conflict and change
Emphasizes how social institutions help maintain social inequality  o Criminal justice system Allows dominant class to control minority groups & the poor o Education system Reproduces social inequality by filtering lower­class students into low­
status, low wage jobs and preparing upper­class students for high skill, 
high wage jobs Teaches minority groups and the poor the dominant ideology  o Religion Legitimizes the dominance of the dominant class by teaching people that 
their social position is ordained by God or some other supernatural being
Symbolic­ Interaction Approach Max Weber Emphasizes the role of everyday interactions in the creation of social institutions o Criminal justice Courts: Judges Lawyers Criminals o Education system Schools: Teachers

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School: Towson University
Department: Sociology
Course: Introduction to Sociology
Professor: Jason Freeman
Term: Fall 2016
Tags: sociological and Theory
Name: Sociology 101, Week 4 Notes
Description: These notes cover the lecture given during class.
Uploaded: 09/19/2016
3 Pages 14 Views 11 Unlocks
  • Better Grades Guarantee
  • 24/7 Homework help
  • Notes, Study Guides, Flashcards + More!
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