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University of Louisiana at Lafayette - His 221 - Class Notes - Week 3

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University of Louisiana at Lafayette - His 221 - Class Notes - Week 3

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background image Lecture Guide – Week 3 Class 1 – Northern Colonies in the Seventeenth Century Questions: • What role did religion play in this region? • The government revolved around religion • Who were the Puritans? • Spent the early years of the 1600s struggling in England and Europe
• Worked constantly to try and change what religion in England looked like
• Want religion to be closer to scripture • How did the Salem Witch Trials reveal a changing religious climate? • The older generation is close to their religion
• Religion is not a big part of the life of the new generation
The Reformation in Europe (1500s) The Catholic Church completely dominated religious life o Every western country in Europe was Catholic English Reformation • Individuals in the Catholic church • Becoming corrupt • Selling of indulgences  • Focused on worldly matters and not scripture  • Led the way to Protestant Religions • Martin Luther • England breaks from the Catholic Church • King Henry the 8 th  wanted a divorce from his wife • Catholic church said no
• King’s solution
• Separate from the Catholic Church • Founded the Church of England • Difference from Catholic Church • King Henry the 8 th  was at the top of the  hierarchy; not the Pope • Many thought he would change  church documents but he didn’t  • Conflicts between the King and more radical Protestants (Puritans) Puritans • Spent the early years of the 1600s struggling in England and Europe
• Worked constantly to try and change what religion in England looked like
• Want religion to be closer to scripture
background image • Wanted to follow the radical Reformation from Europe, rather than the moderate English  Reformation • Thought Church of England was too Catholic
• Congregationalist (no authority structure like bishops… each Congregation set rules)
• Most Puritans tried to remain in the Church of England and “purify” it from within
• Felt England/Europe was too corrupt and wanted to start a new society in the New World
• Couldn’t live a proper Godly life in England Pilgrims • First to come to new world (before Puritans)
• Like the Puritans, they wanted to separate from the Church of England
• In 1620 they became the first English colonists in New England
• Plymouth Colony
• Coming across on Mayflower
• Come for religious reasons
• Mayflower Compact Massachusetts Bay Company (1629) • Gets a grant of land in New England
• Different mission:
• Firmly believe most important mission is religion
• Goal:
• Set up a new pure puritan religious community • Largely Puritans
• Colonize what would today be New England and Upstate New York
• John Winthrop
• Leads Puritans
• Prominent Puritan lawyer
• Governor of colony
• 1630: 11 ships and 700 colonists set sail for New England
• Arbella Sermon/“A Model of Christian Charity”
• Famous document in American history
• Main purpose:
• Tell all Puritans why they are coming to New England and what they are  going to do there • Emphasize the goals of their new colonies
• Lays out what becomes a very popular vision of what the US stands for 
and has still been used to this day • Winthrop’s themes show up in American society and culture • What is a “city upon a hill”?

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School: University of Louisiana at Lafayette
Department: History
Course: History of the United States to 1877
Professor: Ian Beamish
Term: Fall 2016
Tags:
Name: Week 3 Part 1 notes for history
Description: These notes will be covered in the midterm
Uploaded: 09/19/2016
6 Pages 20 Views 16 Unlocks
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