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USC - MUS 110 - Class Notes - Week 2

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USC - MUS 110 - Class Notes - Week 2

School: University of South Carolina
Department: Music
Course: Introduction to Music
Professor: James Hardwick
Term: Fall 2016
Tags: Music
Name: Music 110, Week 2 Notes
Description: Notes needed for quizzes and exams.
Uploaded: 09/19/2016
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background image Week 2-Intro to Music August 30,2016 Chapter 2- Rhythm, melody, and Harmony Consonance and Dissonance A vocalist who is singing the melody, there are 
cords, multiple layers of sound, texture
Dissonant harmony- “pitches sounding 
momentarily disagreeable and unstable”
Music is a direct reflection of human life through 
sound
Constant harmony- “pitches sounding agreeable 
and stable”
Resolution from dissonance to consonance Chords Triad: the basic chord of western harmony Consists of 3 pitches, using every other note of a 
scale
Can be built on any degree of the scale Labeled with roman numerals  Ostinato: a motive, rhythm or chord progression 
that repeats over and over again (is a device). Is 
usually a rhythm that is in the base and more 
rhythmic (same thing over and over)
Chord progression- the purposeful movement of 
chords
 Chord progressions end with a cadence strongest cadence is from the dominant, or V
chords to the tonic, or I, chord
Harmonic movement emphasized in the bass line
background image Chapter 3- Color, Texture, Form, and Style Color, texture, form, are all musical language Basic Dynamic Markings: Forte (f)- loud Piano (p)- soft Crescendo- growing louder Diminuendo/decrescendo- growing softer Dynamics: Moderate dynamics  Moderately Loud-Mezzo forte (mf) Moderately soft- mezzo piano (mp) Extremes:  Very loud- fortissimo (ff) Very soft- Pianissimo (pp) Suddenly loud: sforzando (sfz) Color (timbre)- quality of sound produced by a 
voice or an instrument
Vocal Timbre due to the unique vocal chords of 
each individual 
Vocal ranges from high to low: Soprano Mezzo-soprano Alto Tenor Baritone 2
background image Bass Baritone and Soprano duet Instrumental Timbre- different sizes, shapes, and 
materials of instruments produce unique vibrations
that give each instrument its own musical color.
Instruments are grouped into families based on the
method of sound production.
There are strings, brass, woodwinds, percussion Low string instruments- Cello and double bass Double bass is a transpirition instrument  String playing techniques- usually played with a 
bow drawn across a string
Vibrato- a slight fluctuation of the pitch (controlled 
wobble)
If a bow is used its called arco, if not its called 
pizzicato (plucking the strings rather than bowing)
Tremolo- a musical tremor, rapidly repeating the 
same pitch with the bow, musical effect
Loud: tension and excitement 
Soft: shimmering quality
Trill- rapid alternation between two neighboring 
pitches, most instruments can play trills
Harp- a common folk instrument throughout the 
world, sometimes added to the orchestral 
ensemble, special effects
Arpeggio- playing the notes of the triad in 
succession rather than at the same time
3

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School: University of South Carolina
Department: Music
Course: Introduction to Music
Professor: James Hardwick
Term: Fall 2016
Tags: Music
Name: Music 110, Week 2 Notes
Description: Notes needed for quizzes and exams.
Uploaded: 09/19/2016
8 Pages 12 Views 9 Unlocks
  • Better Grades Guarantee
  • 24/7 Homework help
  • Notes, Study Guides, Flashcards + More!
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