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C of C - REL 105 - Class Notes - Week 3

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C of C - REL 105 - Class Notes - Week 3

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background image FYE134/RELS105—Introduction to World Religions Buddhism Differs from Hinduism o No vedas!  Instead there is Dharma: “teachings of the Buddha” o No caste system o No self (atman) Story of the Buddha Kshatriya o Prince of noble status Mother dies o Brought up by aunt When born o Dad asks astrologers to predict Siddhartha Gautama (Buddha’s) future He will either be a great ruler or a world renouncer o Grows up without seeing sickness or ugliness o Gets married to a beautiful woman and has a baby Rahula: “teather” o Wants to travel outside the palace Overnight king says outside the palace must look as good as inside the 
o Sees 4 sights Blind man with a stick Old man who is wrinkly and grey Funeral: when you’re old you die Man in a saffron robe: renouncer Renouncer lives with horrors but is fine with it Gautama wants to be like that Gautama becomes the best renouncer ever, but still doesn’t have 
peace of mind
o Woman offers him rice and he eats it o He sits under a tree, puts his hands on the ground, and says he isn’t leaving until  he finds peace o Mara (devil) comes Brings hot children to dance He says to Gautama “think of the good you could do if you came back to the palace” Gautama finds enlightenment o Sees all of his past lives, understands them, and has to make a choice o Sees 4 gods (the 4 sights)
background image They urge him to stay in the world and help others become enlightened o Buddha: “enlightened one” o He stays, teaches, and dies NO EXTREMES! That will help you find peace More on Buddhism Contents of enlightenment o 3 marks/contents of reality Impermanence: nothings lasts forever Ex: A seed turns to a tree, the tree is cut down, there is a log left, 
the log is turned into a stool, the stool becomes trash, the trash is 
recycled and it starts all over
No self: “atman” Suffering: can be minor forms of dissatisfaction Not a punishment/test, just the way life is Ex: my chair is uncomfortable or the taxi is late Ex: woman who lost her baby; Buddha will fix it is she can find 
someone who has never lost someone they love; she can find no 
such person
o 4 noble truths Suffering Cause of suffering: desire Is there a cure? Yes!: 8 fold path/middle way/Buddhism o 2 categories of people Laymen: regular people Monks/nuns: parents can enter children into a monastery, but it is not 
permanent and it is available to everybody at any stage and you can take it
as far as you want
o 6 realms of rebirth Hell­beings: place of extreme punishment Hungry ghost: huge stomach with a neck like a straw There is no way they can eat enough to be full Animal: could be a good life, could be bad Human being: only ones that can attain enlightenment Being a human is the best Demi­god god  grow so desirous of their luxurious lifestyle that they are born as 
hell­beings and start over
Dana: “giving” or a transfer of merit o You can give it to someone else so they have a better next life

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School: College of Charleston
Department: Religion
Course: Introduction to World Religions
Professor: Cormack
Term: Fall 2016
Tags: into to world religions, world religions, religion, and Buddhism
Name: FYE134/RELS105 Introduction to World Religons week 3 notes
Description: These notes cover the beginnings of Buddhism
Uploaded: 09/19/2016
3 Pages 9 Views 7 Unlocks
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