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NMSU - JOUR 265 - Study Guide - Midterm

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NMSU - JOUR 265 - Study Guide - Midterm

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background image COMM265G Exam #1 Study Guide   LECTURE #1: Historical Perspectives     Kagemni & Ptah-Hotep wrote each some of the first forms of studying  communications    3200-2800 B.C. The Instruction of Kagemni .. is one of the oldest books ever!  
  The 4 Principles of Egyptian Rhetoric are by Ptah- Hotep.. 
1.  Restraint= "the control over your speech, share your opinions sparingly" aka talk  when its important  2.  Silence= " make your name go forth while you are silent" aka actions speak  louder than words, actions can also differ your words.   3.   Truthfulness= "follow a truthful path" aka be honest & sincere  4.  Kairos= "knowing the correct situation (or when) to speak" aka practicing self  control, and thinking before speaking    Corax & Tisius, were the Greek originators of speech education    Aristole created these.. 5 Rhetorical Cannons  1.  Arrangement= organization  2.  Style= language  3.  Delivery= word choice, vocals  4.  Memory= what to say & when  5.  Invention= logos & evidence    One of the top reasons communication skills are important is because its one of  the top skills needed to get hired for ANY job/career.  LECTURE #2: Chapter 5: Public Speaking     Its ok to be nervous when it comes to Public Speaking. To control your anxiety try:  speaking about things that are important to you, visualize being successful, practice, 
concentrate very little on wording, and understand your audience. 
WHY STUDY PUBLIC SPEAKING?    You'll likely need the experience it offers.     It will help you ace other classes.     It will help you be a better listener.    
background image        It encourages you to voice your ideas and recognize the influence that you have.     It teaches you to punch fear in your face.    4 Types of Speeches   Manuscript Speaking: written and read word for word    Memorized Speaking: from memory    Impromptu speaking: "off the cuff" without much preparation    Extemporaneous speaking: practiced speech with the aid of notes    Strengths & Weaknesses     Manuscript: GOOD: for exact wording (lawyers, politicians, news anchors)     BAD: for sounding natural and maintaining eye contact          Memorized: GOOD: for focusing on the audience     BAD: for losing place, and it takes A LOT of effort          Impromptu: GOOD: reduces speech anxiety and develops oral presentation skills              
BAD: hard to stay organized  
       Extemporaneous: GOOD: for audience adaptation, eye contact, sounding natural, adapting 
to losing you place  
  "BAD": requires time and effort to speak skillfully      Audience Analysis= the process of learning about an audience's interests and backgrounds in 
order to develop a speech that meets their needs and interests them.  
  CONSIDER:       Demographic characteristics, cultural background, attitudinal orientations, & past/prior  experiences of the audience.      Consider other peoples perspectives.    
  Culture influences all aspects of a person's life.  
Effective Speech Delivery    
background image         Vocal enthusiasm: -speech rate –volume –effective pausing (avoid filters) -speak with  conviction      Gestural enthusiasm: -use gestures to emphasize points and engage the audience – purposeful movement across the floor – avoid pacing/distracting gestures      Eye contact: -NOT simply glancing or looking towards then –looking into the eyes of your  audience      Practice: Practice OUT LOUD!! Attend the speech lab.   LECTURE #3: Chapter 1 The Fun DA Mental-s of Communication   Communication= the process in which humans use verbal and nonverbal messages to 
generated meaning across contexts.
  3 Models of Communication:   * Linear Model, first model of communication,   Sender/source------>message-------->target/receiver     * Interactional Model   Receiver->message->sender>feedback->channel->feedback->Receiver     * Transactional Model   Mess(age->   <-Chan) nel->   <-Feed( back   (Interference/Noise)      4 Types of Noise:   -physical: vocal noise outwards   -physiological: hearing loss, sickness, yawning(physical too), bodily functions...   -semantic: not understanding, confusion,   -psychological: daydreaming, thinking about what you're going to do tonight..     -One Can Not not Communicate, The receiver oriented view; everything is intended;  

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School: New Mexico State University
Department: Communications
Course: The Principles of Communication
Professor: Armfield
Term: Fall 2016
Tags:
Name: Comm256G Exam 1 Study Guide
Description: Chapters: 8,3,1, & 5... and the historical perspectives. 5 FREEBIE EXAM QUESTIONS!
Uploaded: 09/19/2016
9 Pages 26 Views 20 Unlocks
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