New User Special Price Expires in

Let's log you in.

Sign in with Facebook


Don't have a StudySoup account? Create one here!


Create a StudySoup account

Be part of our community, it's free to join!

Sign up with Facebook


Create your account
By creating an account you agree to StudySoup's terms and conditions and privacy policy

Already have a StudySoup account? Login here

Comm256G Exam 1 Study Guide

by: Jourdin Bailey

Comm256G Exam 1 Study Guide COMM265G

Marketplace > New Mexico State University > Communications > COMM265G > Comm256G Exam 1 Study Guide
Jourdin Bailey
GPA 3.93

Preview These Notes for FREE

Get a free preview of these Notes, just enter your email below.

Unlock Preview
Unlock Preview

Preview these materials now for free

Why put in your email? Get access to more of this material and other relevant free materials for your school

View Preview

About this Document

Chapters: 8,3,1, & 5... and the historical perspectives. 5 FREEBIE EXAM QUESTIONS!
The Principles of Communication
Study Guide
50 ?




Popular in The Principles of Communication

Popular in Communications

This 9 page Study Guide was uploaded by Jourdin Bailey on Monday September 19, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to COMM265G at New Mexico State University taught by Armfield in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 33 views. For similar materials see The Principles of Communication in Communications at New Mexico State University.


Reviews for Comm256G Exam 1 Study Guide


Report this Material


What is Karma?


Karma is the currency of StudySoup.

You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!

Date Created: 09/19/16
COMM265G Exam #1 Study Guide LECTURE #1: Historical Perspectives  Kagemni & Ptah-Hotep wrote each some of the first forms of studying communications  3200-2800 B.C. The Instruction of Kagemni .. is one of the oldest books ever!  The 4 Principles of Egyptian Rhetoric are by Ptah- Hotep.. 1. Restraint= "the control over your speech, share your opinions sparingly" aka talk when its important 2. Silence= " make your name go forth while you are silent" aka actions speak louder than words, actions can also differ your words. 3. Truthfulness= "follow a truthful path" aka be honest & sincere 4. Kairos= "knowing the correct situation (or when) to speak" aka practicing self control, and thinking before speaking  Corax & Tisius, were the Greek originators of speech education  Aristole created these.. 5 Rhetorical Cannons 1. Arrangement= organization 2. Style= language 3. Delivery= word choice, vocals 4. Memory= what to say & when 5. Invention= logos & evidence  One of the top reasons communication skills are important is because its one of the top skills needed to get hired for ANY job/career. LECTURE #2: Chapter 5: Public Speaking  Its ok to be nervous when it comes to Public Speaking. To control your anxiety try: speaking about things that are important to you, visualize being successful, practice, concentrate very little on wording, and understand your audience. WHY STUDY PUBLIC SPEAKING? You'll likely need the experience it offers. It will help you ace other classes. It will help you be a better listener. It encourages you to voice your ideas and recognize the influence that you have. It teaches you to punch fear in your face. 4 Types of Speeches Manuscript Speaking: written and read word for word Memorized Speaking: from memory Impromptu speaking: "off the cuff" without much preparation Extemporaneous speaking: practiced speech with the aid of notes Strengths & Weaknesses Manuscript: GOOD: for exact wording (lawyers, politicians, news anchors) BAD: for sounding natural and maintaining eye contact Memorized: GOOD: for focusing on the audience BAD: for losing place, and it takes A LOT of effort Impromptu: GOOD: reduces speech anxiety and develops oral presentation skills BAD: hard to stay organized Extemporaneous: GOOD: for audience adaptation, eye contact, sounding natural, adapting to losing you place "BAD": requires time and effort to speak skillfully Audience Analysis= the process of learning about an audience's interests and backgrounds in order to develop a speech that meets their needs and interests them. CONSIDER:  Demographic characteristics, cultural background, attitudinal orientations, & past/prior experiences of the audience.  Consider other peoples perspectives.  Culture influences all aspects of a person's life. Effective Speech Delivery 2  Vocal enthusiasm: -speech rate –volume –effective pausing (avoid filters) -speak with conviction  Gestural enthusiasm: -use gestures to emphasize points and engage the audience – purposeful movement across the floor – avoid pacing/distracting gestures  Eye contact: -NOT simply glancing or looking towards then –looking into the eyes of your audience  Practice: Practice OUT LOUD!! Attend the speech lab. LECTURE #3: Chapter 1 The Fun DA Mental-s of Communication Communication= the process in which humans use verbal and nonverbal messages to generated meaning across contexts. 3 Models of Communication: * Linear Model, first model of communication, Sender/source------>message-------->target/receiver * Interactional Model Receiver->message->sender>feedback->channel->feedback->Receiver * Transactional Model Mess(age-> <-Chan) nel-> <-Feed( back (Interference/Noise) 4 Types of Noise: -physical: vocal noise outwards -physiological: hearing loss, sickness, yawning(physical too), bodily functions... -semantic: not understanding, confusion, -psychological: daydreaming, thinking about what you're going to do tonight.. -One Can Not not Communicate, The receiver oriented view; everything is intended; 3 -One can not communicate. Sender oriented; not intended Ethics: The branch of philosophy that deals with issues of right and wrong human affairs. Ethical Decisions: weighting a potential course of action against a set of ethical standards or guidelines. 3 TYPES OF PLAGIARISM: Plagiarism... presenting another person's language or ideas as one's own. Global: using someone else's work all the way. Patchwork: other parts of multiple pieces, or work Incremental: when you don’t cite your sources. *You can plagiarize yourself!!!! LECTURE #4: Chapter #3 Nonverbal Communication  Truth-bias= the tendency to believe others whether or not the person is actually honest  Veracity effect= because people are truth-biased, people are better at depicting when someone is telling the truth more so than detecting deception  A few prolific liars= most people are honest but a few people lie a lot. Context such as... 1. Chronological level-Timing 2. Situational level- Physical environment 3. Relational level- Different types/stages of relationships 4. Functional level- purpose/objective PROJECTED MOTIVE MODEL People tend to believe others unless they think the other person has some motive to lie. When people become suspicious, the chances of them seeing nonverbal things go up. 4 Paying attention to WHAT (content) is said rather than HOW (demeanor) they say it Deception= knowingly misleading another person Lie= a subtype of deception that involves deceiving someone by saying something that is known to be false.* Nonverbal communication can: o Complement verbal communication o Contradict verbal communication o Substitute for verbal communication o Regulate verbal communication 6 nonverbal communication skills discussed... Haptics- study of touch Oculesics- study of eye contact, gaze, dilation, etc. Kinesics- the study of body movement, including facial expressions. Proxemics- the study of space Chronemics- the study of the use of time Paralinguistics- the study of nonverbal aspects of speech, such as rate, pitch, prosody, volume, etc. LECTURE #5: Chapter 8 Conflict o Conflict= an expressed struggle between at least 2 interdependent parties who perceive incompatible goals, scarce resources, and interference from others in achieving their goals.  Meta-communication is basically communication about communication o From a communication perspective, conflict is an ongoing process o Conflict episodes are not one-time discrete events o Conflict often involves an emotional build up or chain of events that leads up to the conflictual conversation 5 o Conflict conversations often leave emotional residue and affect the relationship in the future. Conflict Approaches & Behaviors: Indirect & Competitive: backstabbing, refusal to talk, shutting off discussion, lack of cooperation Direct & Competitive: disagreement, rejection, hostile remarks, negative mind reading, criticism. Indirect & Cooperative: avoiding, humor w/o sarcasm, accommodating, changing the subject, requests to talk about it later Direct & Cooperative: collaborating, compromising, apology, problem solving, willingness to change Conflict Climates= the psychological atmosphere impacting a conflict CONSISTENT PREDICTOR OF DIVORCE/SEPERATION 1. Criticism 2. Defensiveness 3. Contempt 4. Stonewalling DEMAND-WITHDRAW PATTERN: "I nag because you withdraw" "I withdraw because you nag" Family Conflict Climate Types: Pluralistic Families= HIGH CONV & LOW CONF= embrace conflict rather than avoid it, low expression of negative feelings, Consensual Families= HIGH CONV & HIGH CONF= conflict is perceived as a threat to harmony, families freely vent their negative feelings, involve children in decisions 6 Protective Families= LOW CONV & HIGH CONF= conflict is viewed negatively, parents or children show bursts of negative emotion, they’ve had little time to share their feelings Laissez-Faire Families= tend to avoid conflict, children act as they wish, do not wish to be involved in issues and decisions of others 7 FREEBIE EXAM QUESTIONS This principle pf Egyptian Rhetoric instructs one to be aware of the proper situation for speaking. a. Restraint b. Fluency c. KAIROS d. Truthfulness Presenting a well-prepared, practiced speech with the aid of notes is called: A.) memorized speaking B.) manuscript speaking C.) extraneous speaking D.) EXTEMPORANEOUS SPEAKING Based on the transactional model of communication, which of the following would be considered a cultural feature: A. Social role B. WORLDVIEW C. Fighting D. Emotional state We tend to judge a competence of nonverbal communication skills based on two criteria. These two crieteria are: A. Appropriateness and Exactness B. APPROPRIATENEESS AND EFFECTIVENESSS C. Knowledge and Competency D. Effectiveness and Ability Which family conflict climate type is marked by a high conversation orientation and a high conformity orientation? o C. CONS 8 9


Buy Material

Are you sure you want to buy this material for

50 Karma

Buy Material

BOOM! Enjoy Your Free Notes!

We've added these Notes to your profile, click here to view them now.


You're already Subscribed!

Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'

Why people love StudySoup

Bentley McCaw University of Florida

"I was shooting for a perfect 4.0 GPA this semester. Having StudySoup as a study aid was critical to helping me achieve my goal...and I nailed it!"

Amaris Trozzo George Washington University

"I made $350 in just two days after posting my first study guide."

Jim McGreen Ohio University

"Knowing I can count on the Elite Notetaker in my class allows me to focus on what the professor is saying instead of just scribbling notes the whole time and falling behind."


"Their 'Elite Notetakers' are making over $1,200/month in sales by creating high quality content that helps their classmates in a time of need."

Become an Elite Notetaker and start selling your notes online!

Refund Policy


All subscriptions to StudySoup are paid in full at the time of subscribing. To change your credit card information or to cancel your subscription, go to "Edit Settings". All credit card information will be available there. If you should decide to cancel your subscription, it will continue to be valid until the next payment period, as all payments for the current period were made in advance. For special circumstances, please email


StudySoup has more than 1 million course-specific study resources to help students study smarter. If you’re having trouble finding what you’re looking for, our customer support team can help you find what you need! Feel free to contact them here:

Recurring Subscriptions: If you have canceled your recurring subscription on the day of renewal and have not downloaded any documents, you may request a refund by submitting an email to

Satisfaction Guarantee: If you’re not satisfied with your subscription, you can contact us for further help. Contact must be made within 3 business days of your subscription purchase and your refund request will be subject for review.

Please Note: Refunds can never be provided more than 30 days after the initial purchase date regardless of your activity on the site.