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C of C - PSYC 222 - Class Notes - Psychology 222 Psychology of

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C of C - PSYC 222 - Class Notes - Psychology 222 Psychology of

School: College of Charleston
Department: Psychology
Course: Psychology of Personality
Professor: Hittner
Term: Fall 2016
Tags: Psychology, Alfred Adler, and Personality Psychology
Name: Psychology 222 Psychology of Personality week 3 notes
Description: These notes cover Alfred Adler
Uploaded: 09/19/2016
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background image Psychology 222—Psychology of Personality Alfred Adler (1870­1937) Ordinarily aware of our motives Ego­oriented: our ego is in control, not our unconscious Teleological: strivings and goals affect behavior  o Looking toward the future can affect the here and now o Example in week 2 notes Our goals are FICTIONAL FINALISMS o We are shooting for our goals, but he calls them fictional because we don’t know  if the goal will be good and beneficial for you o You won’t know if your goal is good until you’re there  o Everyone has their own individual fictional finalisms o Do humans in general have a common goal? What is the ultimate fictional finalism? Strive to be aggressive: if we don’t have healthy outlets for our 
libido, we become like a tea kettle about to blow; we want to get 
that energy out so we don’t become like that 
Strive to be powerful: masculine protest—we want to feel 
empowered, like we can make a difference 
o Masculine protest: an effort to reassert your dominance and get back in control Ex: someone is being marginalized at work so they read up and go into a 
meeting and tell them everything they know in an almost demeaning way
Strive for superiority: we want to be superior to where we were 
before; we want to grow and develop
o Striving for superiority is innate All of us as humans have some feelings of inferiority The creative self is pushing us to be superior Feelings of inferiority o We recognize this very early on They hold their roots in infancy o We try to overcome our feelings of inferiority by working with others towards  goals larger than ourselves Those who don’t want to work with others are at risk for being overcome 
with feelings of inferiority
o Children who are neglected, rejected, or pampered have heightened risks for  developing inferiority complexes  Rejected/neglected: the child feels angry Worldview: people can’t be trusted because they are punishing and
mean
Their parents abuse or ignore them Pampered/spoiled: don’t care about others
background image Worldview: the world revolves around me Don’t want to work with others towards social goals because it’s 
not about you and your cause; it’s about me
These aren’t the only scenarios o Education and child rearing: educates parents and teachers about these issues on  how to raise children o Psychologically healthy people have social goals Less psychologically healthy people don’t want to work with others; they 
only have individual power and self­serving goals
3 entrance gates to mental life o Early memories (stance towards life) o Dreams (goals oriented) Analyzing dreams with a stance towards what goals you have and what 
you want to achieve
Both early memories and dreams give us feel for this person’s style
of life
o Birth­order (family constellation) Oldest, middle, youngest child Birth order o Past research findings Oldest child: verbally intelligent, achievement oriented, concerned with 
power, conforming and norm abiding in adulthood
Oldest child is by him/herself until the next child is born Child gets more intensive, intellectual verbalization than previous 
children who have to share the parent’s attention
Better verbal intellectual skills jump­starts the desire to do well 
and become more achievement oriented 
First­borns are overrepresented in positions of high power and 
influence
Adler wasn’t doing research: he was just commenting on things he 
observed
Adler believed first­borns were conforming Middle child: competitive, achievement oriented, mediator Wants to get noticed and compete with first­born o Not necessarily in the same area as the first­born Bridge the gap between older kids and younger kids Youngest child: socially skilled, rebellious Adler: dependent o Research findings don’t really support that o More research has been done on oldest and youngest children o This is the finding for the aggregate population level, however they WILL NOT  hold true for every individual family

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School: College of Charleston
Department: Psychology
Course: Psychology of Personality
Professor: Hittner
Term: Fall 2016
Tags: Psychology, Alfred Adler, and Personality Psychology
Name: Psychology 222 Psychology of Personality week 3 notes
Description: These notes cover Alfred Adler
Uploaded: 09/19/2016
3 Pages 22 Views 17 Unlocks
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  • 24/7 Homework help
  • Notes, Study Guides, Flashcards + More!
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