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UND - CJ 341 - Study Guide

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UND - CJ 341 - Study Guide

School: University of North Dakota
Department: Criminal Justice
Course: Criminal Law
Professor: Kristi Venhuizen
Term: Fall 2016
Tags: Amendm, defenses, and Bill of Rights
Name: Criminal Law Exam Guide 1
Description: This study guide outlines the most important aspects of Criminal Law for the first exam.
Uploaded: 09/19/2016
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background image Criminal Law Study Guide Exam 1 Criminal Law is the forma means of social control Branch that prohibits certain forms of conduct and imposes penalties among 
violators
Core Function: punish wrongdoers Three Fundamental Principles: 1. Constitutional Supremacy
2. Federalism
3. Separation of Powers
Crime: Actus Reus – wrongful act Mens Rea – Intent North Dakota Classifications of Crime Class AA Felony – LIFE in prison/no parole Class A – 20 years/$20,000 fine Class B – 10 years/same Class C – 5 years/$10K Class A Misdemeanor – 1 year/$3k Class B – 30 days/$1.5k Infraction - $1k (2 w/in 1 year results in a Class B Misd) Purpose of Criminal Law Gov’t duty to protect lives and property Protect public peace, order, and safety Preserve public morality Protect public health/natural environment Efficient/honest public administration and admin. of justice Morality/Justice: Preservation of public morality – important function of law
background image Most law is based on collective societal judgment of right/wrong Values that are not widely shared are subject to change Criminal law evolves as society’s standards change o Ex. – blasphemy, not going to church on Sunday, cohabitation… Viewed as wrongs against society, not specific victims o Victim starts action by filing formal complaint w/ police, then becomes  witness in prosecution Criminal law is based on the premise that people are responsible for their 
actions and should be held accountable
Criminal vs. Civil Law Civil – provides remedies for private wrongs where the state has less interest Suing people: Breaches of Contract – violation of agreement            Torts – wrongful act that violates a legal right of injured party Civil and Criminal can overlap when conduct is criminal and involves a 
tort.
Origins/Sources of Criminal Law: Mala in se – incoherent wrongs (universal) Murder, rape, arson, robbery Mala prohibita – only “wrong” because law says so/contrary to public good Gambling, drugs, etc.… American Criminal Law: Derived from common law – 1776 States adopted common law to the extent it did not conflict w/ new state and 
federal constitutions
o Louisiana is the only state based on Napoleonic Code
o Congress 
did NOT  adopt common law o Passed statutes consistent w/ U.S. Constitution to create federal  criminal law Common law was eventually superseded by legislatively defined offenses or 
statutes
o States have the primary responsibility to define crimes/punishments
o Local gov’ts adopt ordinances
Federal gov’t has more limited role in developing Criminal Law o Congress does not have “police power” (broad auth. To enact  prohibitions to protect public). A person can be prosecuted for violating federal and state criminal 
statutes!
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School: University of North Dakota
Department: Criminal Justice
Course: Criminal Law
Professor: Kristi Venhuizen
Term: Fall 2016
Tags: Amendm, defenses, and Bill of Rights
Name: Criminal Law Exam Guide 1
Description: This study guide outlines the most important aspects of Criminal Law for the first exam.
Uploaded: 09/19/2016
6 Pages 60 Views 48 Unlocks
  • Better Grades Guarantee
  • 24/7 Homework help
  • Notes, Study Guides, Flashcards + More!
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