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UNL - HIST 287 - Class Notes - Chapter 3: The Changing Landscape

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UNL - HIST 287 - Class Notes - Chapter 3: The Changing Landscape

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background image Chapter 3 The Transition to Mainstream Pop The Changing Landscape The Death of Rock and Roll 1960: John F. Kennedy elected president, brings a youth oriented  changing of the guard A series of unrelated events end the classic rock and roll era Carl Perkins auto accident (1956) Little Richard retires (1957) Elvis inducted into the army (1958) Jerry Lee Lewis scandal(1958) Buddy Holly dies in plane crash (1959) Chuck Berry was arrested (1959) The Backlash Alarmed religious, parental, white supremacist groups warn of the dangers of rock and roll Pamphlets meetings, boycotts, record burnings, “I hate Elvis” clubs etc Rock and roll is sexualistic, unmoralistic, and brings people of both races  together” Alabama White Citizens council Rock and roll helps bring races together at least in the love of music Payola The Pay for Play Scandal Payola: djs accepting cash, favors, gifts, etc to play records 1959: congress begins investigation; focus quickly turns to dick clark and  alan freed Clark testifies successfully defends himself against  prosecution Freed becomes scapegoat, “singled out for alleged wrongs  that had become a business way of life” Freed convicted of bribery, dies penniless in 1965 Brill Building Pop Leiber and Stoller 1950:meet in LA, discover common love of R&B 1953:first hit: “Hound Dog” by Big Mama Thornton(#R&B) Wrote “playlets” with humorous teen oriented lyrics
background image Specialized in big orchestration, unusual instruments, rhythm and blues  inflections Meticulous studio production Helped define the role of the independent producer Music cut 11: “On Broadway” the Drifters 1963
Aldon Music
Brill Building Pop: (1619 Broadway) replaces TIn Pan Alley Many music businesses in and around the Brill Building  Aldon Music: Al Nevins/Don Kirshner, writing teams include: Barry Mann/Cynthia Weil Carol King/Gerry Goffin Neil Sedaka/Howard Greenfield Music Cut 12: “Will You Love Me Tomorrow” by Shirelles (written by King/Goffin, #1 1961) Burt Bacharach/Hal David Met at Brill Building Dionne Warwick records more than 60 of their songs 66 top 40, 28 top 10, 6 #1 hits Idiosyncratic tunes, adult lyrics Music Cut 13: Walk on By” Dionne Warwick, (#6)
Doc Pomus/Mort Shuman
Brill Building veterans Many hits, including “Viva Las Vegas” Pop Music Goes West   Los Angeles in the 1960s 1960s:gradual shift in music business from East Coast to Los Angeles Home to Hollywood, television industry Many existing recording studios, talent agencies, major labels, publishing  companies Phil Spector Most influential producer of his era Eccentric genius, loner 1958: To know him is to love him become a #1 hit; Spector is 17 years old 190: understudy to Leiber and Stoller in nyc 1961: creates girl group genre in LA The Wall of Sound Large instrumental groups (including the wrecking crew) multi ­track overdubbing, reverb Gold Star studios

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School: University of Nebraska Lincoln
Department: History
Course: History of Rock Music
Professor: Garrett Hope
Term: Fall 2016
Name: Chapter 3: The Changing Landscape
Description: Chapter 3 notes
Uploaded: 09/19/2016
4 Pages 19 Views 15 Unlocks
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