Limited time offer 20% OFF StudySoup Subscription details

ECU - ANTH 002 - Study Guide - Midterm

Created by: Aalyha Giles Elite Notetaker

> > > > ECU - ANTH 002 - Study Guide - Midterm

ECU - ANTH 002 - Study Guide - Midterm

School: East Carolina University
Department: Sociology
Course: Anthropology 1000
Professor: Jo Phipps
Term: Fall 2016
Tags:
Name: Chap. 1-5
Description: chap.1-5 study guide
Uploaded: 09/19/2016
This preview shows pages 1 - 2 of a 3 page document. to view the rest of the content
background image Ant 1000 Jo Phipps Exam #1 Study Guide (Units 1-4) Unit 1: What is Anthropology (includes Applied) Organization of Knowledge in Western World -Humanities and Sciences (natural and social) Definition and focus of Anthropology -Four subfields: Biological/Physical, Archaeology (Historic and Prehistoric in the US),  Cultural, and Linguistic Anthropology (know the focus of each) Definition and focus of Applied Anthropology (how is it different from the traditional four 
subfields?)
Examples: Cultural Resource Management, Forensic Anthropology, Corporate/Consumer  Anthropology, Urban Anthropology (see textbook for other examples) -Medical Anthropology (Western definitions of disease and cures vs. other cultural  definitions as illness and healing) What characteristics make Anthropology a science?  What methods do all sciences use? What is the holistic perspective?  What research methods make Anthropology unique among the 
sciences?
-Fieldwork: Excavation and Ethnography -Goal: to discover patterns in human behavior Unit 2: Doing Anthropology Evidence we use to study the past: artifacts/ecofacts, features, fossils -Sites: preserved areas of human activity Know how sites can be created (Pompeii effect and Stratified sites), and how they can be 
altered/destroyed (bioturbation, taphonomy studies)
Know what methods we use to find potential sites -Passive methods: Systematic/pedestrian survey, geomagnetics -Active methods: ground-penetrating radar, shovel test pits Know the goals of excavation (recover significant samples, detailed record of horizontal and 
vertical locations of artifacts and features for context)
Dating techniques (relative methods vs. absolute methods) -Carbon 14 and Potassium-Argon Know how and why we create typologies (formal and metric ones)
background image What can we learn from artifacts, features and fossils in terms of the bigger picture of human 
history
Know how and why we do Ethnography -Participant Observation, using informants -Emic and Etic perspectives Types of ethnographic  work: longitudinal studies, team research, survey research Know these terms: -Naïve realism -Ethnocentrism -Cultural Relativism Ethics in Anthropology Know the primary ethical obligations: protect people we study, share research with  scientific community, protect human species and our environments Know the steps in research protocol: explain goals of project, explain methods used, get  informed consent Unit 3: Culture Makes Us Human What is the concept of culture and its main characteristics? -primary adaptive tool -learned through enculturation -shared -integrated -abstract -dynamic How and why can a culture become extinct? -cultural continuum (what is it and how does it function) -spread of globalization and Westernization Know what basic evolutionary traits allow humans to develop and use culture. Know the types of cultural traits: universals, generalities, and particularities What are the origins of cultural practices? -Diffusion

This is the end of the preview. Please to view the rest of the content
Join more than 18,000+ college students at East Carolina University who use StudySoup to get ahead
3 Pages 30 Views 24 Unlocks
  • Better Grades Guarantee
  • 24/7 Homework help
  • Notes, Study Guides, Flashcards + More!
Join more than 18,000+ college students at East Carolina University who use StudySoup to get ahead
School: East Carolina University
Department: Sociology
Course: Anthropology 1000
Professor: Jo Phipps
Term: Fall 2016
Tags:
Name: Chap. 1-5
Description: chap.1-5 study guide
Uploaded: 09/19/2016
3 Pages 30 Views 24 Unlocks
  • Better Grades Guarantee
  • 24/7 Homework help
  • Notes, Study Guides, Flashcards + More!
Join StudySoup for FREE
Get Full Access to ECU - ANTH 002 - Study Guide - Midterm
Join with Email
Already have an account? Login here
×
Log in to StudySoup
Get Full Access to ECU - ANTH 002 - Study Guide - Midterm

Forgot password? Reset password here

Reset your password

I don't want to reset my password

Need help? Contact support

Need an Account? Is not associated with an account
Sign up
We're here to help

Having trouble accessing your account? Let us help you, contact support at +1(510) 944-1054 or support@studysoup.com

Got it, thanks!
Password Reset Request Sent An email has been sent to the email address associated to your account. Follow the link in the email to reset your password. If you're having trouble finding our email please check your spam folder
Got it, thanks!
Already have an Account? Is already in use
Log in
Incorrect Password The password used to log in with this account is incorrect
Try Again

Forgot password? Reset it here