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UNCG - PSY 81067 - Class Notes - Week 6

Created by: April Sapp Elite Notetaker

UNCG - PSY 81067 - Class Notes - Week 6

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background image Chapter 7: Learning   Why do some dogs seem to know when it's dinnertime? They watch for clues, such as opening the cabinet or using a can opener, to know when it 
is time to eat.
How does conditioned behavior change when the unconditioned stimulus is removed? The subject reacts to the conditioned stimulus even without the presence of the 
unconditioned stimulus.
How can a change in a can opener affect a conditioned dog's response? Going from a manual to an automatic can opener might make the dog confused and 
unable to comprehend that it's feeding time because of the new noise.
How does the role of expectation in conditioning challenge behaviorist ideas? The expectation of conditioning incorporates cognitive elements which behaviorists might
disagree with because of their focus on response alone.
background image What is the role of the amygdala in fear conditioning? The amygdala plays a role in the experience of emotion, including fear and anxiety, so the 
amygdala is critical for emotional conditioning.
What is the relationship between behavior and reward? The behavior of an animal determines whether the animal is awarded or not based on the 
desired behavior.
Why is reinforcement more constructive than punishment in learning desired behavior? Punishment signals that an unacceptable behavior has occurred, but it doesn't specify 
what should be done instead.
How does the concept of delayed reinforcement relate to difficulties with quitting 
smoking?
The longer the delay between a behavior and the administration of punishment, the less 
effective the punishment will be in suppressing the targeted behavior.
How is the concept of extinction different in operant conditioning versus classical 
conditioning?
Extinction is more complicated in operant conditioning because it depends on how often 
reinforcement is received.
How does a radio station use scheduled reinforcement to keep you listening? There is a set time before the music or show on the radio comes on in between 
advertisements. 
How do ratio schedules work to keep you spending your money? An example would be a store that gives you a freebie after you buy a set number of items 
at regular price.
How can operant conditioning produce complex behaviors? Shaping can occur in simple stages slowly being built upon in order to ultimately produce 
complex behaviors.
How would a behaviorist explain superstitions? Superstitions are casual relationships between behaviors and unintended reinforcements.

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School: University of North Carolina - Greensboro
Department: Psychology
Course: General Psychology (PSY 121)
Professor: Jason Strickhouser
Term: Fall 2016
Tags: Psychology, learning, Intro to Psychology, pavlov's dogs, and behaviorism
Name: Learning - Ch 7 Introducing Psychology
Description: These notes cover chapter 7 of the Introducing Psychology textbook.
Uploaded: 09/19/2016
3 Pages 17 Views 13 Unlocks
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