PoLS 2311 EXAM 1 PART 3
PoLS 2311 EXAM 1 PART 3 2311
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Date Created: 09/19/16
th The Logic of American Politics, 7 Edition Test Bank Chapter 7 Modified (some questions missing because I deleted some) 31 questions 2. Most executive orders A. arise from the authority and responsibilities explicitly delegated to the President by law. b. are quickly overturned by congressional action. c. fail to cite the authority that allows the President to take action. d. represent decisions by a president to disregard the plain text of the Constitution. 3. Who was the first president to take an expansive view of presidential powers under the “take care” clause? a. Franklin Delano Roosevelt b. Richard Nixon C. Theodore Roosevelt d. Barack Obama 4. Which of the following statements about executive orders is accurate? a. Executive orders are permanent and nearly impossible to change. B. Executive orders are not laws because they are confined by the scope of discretion delegated to the President. c. There are few disagreements on whether executive orders fall on the right side or wrong side of the Constitution’s limitations. d. Modern presidents generally do not issue many executive orders because they prefer that Congress pass laws so any decisions are permanent. 6. Which of the following statements about presidential power is accurate? A. The president has enough resources for coordinating national responses during emergencies, but insufficient authority to usurp the Constitution. b. The internal checks of the presidency were designed to be similar to the type of checks used to control the legislative branch. c. The Constitution provides the President with a long list of enumerated powers to promote the independence of the executive branch. d. Presidential power is absolute because of broad and easily invoked emergency powers that allow the President to gain an upper hand over his opponents. 12. How does divided government affect the normal state of affairs in Washington? a. It has had no effect since divided government has long been a feature of American politics. b. Presidents are forced to work harder in their negotiations with Congress. C. There is a zerosum game as each side profits from the other side’s failures. d. Presidents are less likely to rely on their unilateral powers since Congress can easily overturn such actions. 13. Modern presidents deal with an opposition Congress by using vetoes and threats but also by a. declaring a state of national emergency. b. appointing a friendly Speaker of the House of Representatives. 1 C. pulling decisions into the White House through executive orders, centralized administration, and broad assertions of executive privilege. d. ensuring the Senate overrides any order issued by the House. 14. Oppositioncontrolled congresses write longer laws on average because they A. try to anticipate efforts by an unsympathetic administration to suborn or redirect policy. b. are more likely to be in conflict. c. use these longer bills to “go public” and undermine public support for the President. d. are ever diligent against efforts to dissolve Congress and call for new elections. 15. The President is commander in chief of the nation’s armed forces because a. Congress specifically delegated this authority to the office after the Civil War. b. the Supreme Court declared this to be the case at the outset of World War I. C. the Constitution declares it. d. the states voted to transfer this power to the executive after the War of 1812. 16. Examining the President’s role as commander in chief reveals which of the following? A. Presidents often commit troops and engage hostilities and then go to Congress for authority to continue. b. Providing Congress the power to declare war has limited the role of the President in foreign affairs. c. The worst fears of the Framers were realized because presidents take advantage of their ability to declare to protect their power. d. The Framers got the balance of power between the executive and the legislative branches over war powers exactly right. 17. Congress’s authority to declare war is, in most respects, a hollow check, for which of the following reasons? A. Because presidents can order an extended military engagement without a declaration of war b. Because the power to declare war is not explicitly in the Constitution c. Because a declaration of war must be submitted to the states for approval d. Because Congress must constitutionally defer to any declaration of war by a president with previous military experience 18. The most important constitutional limitation on the President’s leadership in foreign affairs is which of the following? a. The requirement that a twothirds majority of the House ratify treaties B. The requirement that a twothirds majority of the Senate ratify treaties c. The requirement that a twothirds majority of both the House and the Senate ratify treaties d. The War Powers Act 19. Presidents can sidestep (avoid) treaty rejections through a. the privileges and immunities clause of the Constitution. b. the necessary and proper clause of the Constitution. c. the supremacy clause of the Constitution. D. executive agreements which are exempt from Senate ratification. 20. How does Article II define executive power? 2 A. It is long on generalities and short on details but embodies limits on presidential discretion and does not enumerate broad administrative tools. b. It defines very clearly with strict limitations on exactly what the President is permitted. c. There are no mentions of any kind of executive power since the Framers wanted the President to act as a clerk. d. Ambiguously, but most of the problems have been resolved with constitutional amendments strengthening presidential power. 21. Which of the following is true about the lawmaking powers that Congress shares with the President? a. Power is shared through a special law that allows the President to vote in the Senate. B. Power is shared by delegating to the President and the appointed executive branch the discretion to decide how best to implement and adjust policy to achieve its objectives. c. Power is shared through the line item veto. d. Power is shared by submitting proposed laws to the secretaries of legislation for each state before holding a final vote. 22. Delegation to the President a. is always done from programmatic necessity since the President has the ability to manage the bureaucracy effectively. b. produces tremendous responsiveness since the President depends on Congress for his budget. C. rarely produces the outcome Congress intends since the President leads a separate branch of government largely insulated from congressional control. d. creates better opportunities to implement policy since there is only one voice that develops the rules. 23. The President’s budget a. sets the basic framework for spending and taxing in the United States. b. is advisory, but Congress is required to vote on the President’s budget so the voters have a clear choice of competing policy priorities. C. sets the spending priorities of the government, provides valuable technical and political information to Congress, and represents an opening bid in negotiations. d. has largely been dismantled as executive departments communicate directly with the Appropriations Committees to reduce political influences. 24. The institutionalized presidency describes a. the formal powers of the President. B. the set of offices and staff created to assist the President. c. the various Cabinet positions created to manage the executive branch. d. the division of powers among various actors in the executive branch. 27. The Constitution gives presidents a modest (khiem ton) role in the legislative arena including which of the following? A. The veto and the ability to call Congress into special session b. Signing statements c. Sending the Vice President to preside over the House of Representatives d. The right to dissolve Congress and schedule new elections 30. The constitutional foundations of the veto 3 a. allow the President the absolute authority to block congressional actions. B. represent a carefully tailored authority to check legislative abuses while denying the executive unilateral authority. c. are not carefully delineated in the Constitution so its use is ambiguous. d. allow the President to aggressively use the veto to block legislative action. 31. Which of the following statements about the President’s veto is accurate? a. The veto enables the President to exert his authority absolutely. b. Presidents have rarely used the veto and prefer to negotiate with Congress. c. Overriding presidential vetoes is relatively easy so presidents use the veto scarcely. D. It allows presidents a clear, selfenforcing means of asserting their preferences. 32. Which of the following is true about the line item veto (power to reject a person’s provision of a bill)? A. It was struck down by the Supreme Court as violating the Constitution’s separation of powers doctrine. b. It was upheld by the Court as constitutional but subsequently repealed by Congress. c. It was, ironically, vetoed by President Bill Clinton. d. It was passed by the House but defeated by a filibuster in the Senate 33. Signing statements are a. the text of the President’s remarks when signing bills. b. the recommendations from the Office of Management and Budget about the budgetary impact of bills. C. statements presidents sometimes issue when signing a bill that they will not enforce or implement certain provisions of a bill. d. the explanation the President provides when exercising his ability to strike out objectionable parts of bills that he signs into law. 34. Veto threats A. must be credible, explicit, and public to be effective. b. are often communicated privately to Congress so that both sides can find room for compromise. c. generally ineffective because members of Congress do not like presidents trying to tell them how to do their job. d. have declined in popularity as presidents have found other tools for influencing Congress. 35. What is the name of the strategy presidents use to promote their policies by engaging in intensive public relations to induce cooperation from other elected officeholders? a. Veto bargaining b. Plebiscitary politics C. Going public d. Home styles 46. The two critical elements of the Executive Office of the Presidency are the a. National Security Council and the Bureau of the Budget. B. Office of Management and Budget and the White House Office. c. Congressional Budget Office and the Administrative Office of U.S. Courts. d. White House Travel Office and the Office of Personnel Management. 4 47. It was fitting that a separate presidential staff would arise during Roosevelt’s presidency because A. Roosevelt persuaded Congress to create many relief agencies outside of the bureaucracy so this increased management responsibilities for the President. b. fighting a twofront war combined with managing the economy increased the demands for information. c. Congress was willing to give the President whatever he wanted since there was unified Democratic control. d. Roosevelt’s management skills were so poor that the existing bureaucracy no longer wanted to oversee federal programs. 49. The Office of Management and Budget a. keeps Congress well informed on international affairs. b. consents to treaties and trade agreements negotiated by the President. c. was created by Article III of the Constitution. D. is staffed by accountants, economists, and tax lawyers. 50. The White House Office a. is responsible for managing most aspects of executive branch agencies. B. is larger and more complex because of the expanded responsibilities of presidents and the centralization of tasks that used to be performed in agencies and departments. c. has a budget that is controlled by the President with little congressional input so the President can receive the best possible advice. d. was abolished after Watergate and its responsibilities were returned to the departments and agencies. 52. What is the fundamental dilemma that all U.S. presidents face? a. Congress never appropriates enough money for all of the programs presidents want to establish. b. There is never enough time to engage in real governing because of the demands of campaigns. C. They have too little authority to satisfy the expectations for their performance. d. Public opinion too fickle to count on as a source of political support. 53. Whether a president succeeds in converting the clerkship of the office into real leadership has less to do with the authority of the modern office than with which of the following? a. The existence of an external threat, since insecurity abroad leads to security at home B. The President’s political skill c. The extent the President’s party also controls Congress d. The state of the economy 54. In Presidential Power and the Modern Presidents, Richard Neustadt argues in part that despite sharp expansion of statutory authority and the dramatic growth in the institutional resources, which of the following is true? a. The demands of the office have been reduced so much that they no longer exceed the resources available to meet those demands. b. The demands of Congress on the President no longer exceed the resources available to meet those demands. C. The demands of the office continue to exceed the resources available to meet those demands. d. The demands of the office exceed the resources available to meet those demands for the first time in our history. 5
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