PoLS 2311 EXAM 1 PART 4
PoLS 2311 EXAM 1 PART 4 2311
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This 4 page Study Guide was uploaded by Katherine Valentine on Monday September 19, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to 2311 at University of Texas at Arlington taught by Richard E Millsap in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 18 views. For similar materials see GOVT OF U S in Political Science at University of Texas at Arlington.
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Date Created: 09/19/16
th The Logic of American Politics, 7 Edition Test Bank Chapter 11 (some questions missing because I deleted some) 21 questions 4. Elections allow ordinary citizens to, in aggregate, a. essentially support the status quo. B. express how they feel about government although elected officials do not take the voters’ views into account when they make policy choices. c. avoid working for the duration of election day. d. reward or punish elected officials for their performance in office. 5. Pluralist politics is all about building coalitions, which means a. getting people to agree to cooperate in elections in order to make governing possible. b. that it is essential to make sure that the political party contains as many interests as possible. C. getting people to agree on an action even in the absence of agreement on the purposes of the action. d. getting people to agree to an action as long as there is an agreement about the purpose of the action. 6. A republic differs from a democracy because a. republics are generally small and the people are generally responsible for making all of the major decisions. b. democracies have parliamentary governments and the people are directly responsible for making all major decisions. c. democracies have a large number of interests and one person is selected to mediate between the competing interests. D. republics delegate power to a smaller number of elected citizens and republics often have a greater number of citizens and a greater sphere of country. 7. The sheer size of the new country meant that if Americans were going to govern themselves a. selfgovernment by direct democracy was the way to ensure that all of the major interests in society were represented. B. direct democracy was going to be impossible and the people would have to delegate their authority to a small number of representative agents. c. they would need to ensure that the President had a strong set of powers so that he could exercise the authority of the federal government throughout the country. d. only a dictatorship could possibly reconcile the competing economic and religious interests in the states. 8. The decision of representative democracies to hold regular, free, and competitive elections represents A. an imperfect solution to the problem of delegation. b. the perfect solution to the problem of delegation. c. an imperfect solution to the problem of transaction costs. d. a perfect solution to coordination problems. 9. Which of the following is not a way that elections ameliorate the problem of delegation of authority? a. They give ordinary citizens a say in who represents them. b. The prospect of future elections gives officeholders who want to keep their jobs a motive to be responsive agents. c. They provide powerful incentives for those who want to replace officeholders to monitor and report on their activities. D. The requirement that all citizens must vote ensures that the electorate is representative of all interests. 10. Which of the following is true about voting in the United States prior to the American Revolution? A. Every colony imposed a property qualification for voting. b. Most of the colonies allowed women to vote. c. There were robust laws protecting voting rights for blacks, Catholics, and Jews. d. Voting was not introduced because all of the major decisions were made in England. 11. Every expansion of suffrage since the adoption of the Constitution has had to do which of the following? a. Be unanimously approved in the Senate b. Be unanimously approved in the House C. Overcome both philosophical objections and mundane calculations of political advantage d. Be enforced at the state level with the federal military 12. Why did property restrictions and voting restrictions exist in the colonies? a. Too many poor people were welleducated in the public schools and this threatened to upset the social order. B. Members of the upperclass minority took for granted their right to govern and were not about to risk the existing social order by extending voting rights. c. The colonial charters required the colonies to follow the same rules and procedures for voting as in England. d. Since land was easier to acquire and more evenly distributed, royal authorities imposed restrictions to limit the ability of the colonists to gain experience with selfgovernment. 15. Universal suffrage for women was achieved a. after the Civil War with the adoption of the Fourteenth Amendment. b. through statelevel action alone; the national government has never formally changed the Constitution but has simply reinterpreted it to include women. C. in 1920 with the adoption of the Nineteenth Amendment. d. at the end of World War II with the adoption of the Universal Women’s Suffrage Act. 18. Lowering the voting age to 18 in 1971 reflected a. Supreme Court decisions that the drinking age and the voting age needed to be the same. b. a deep desire among political reformers to increase electoral turnout. C. political needs provoked by the Vietnam War as antiwar activists were young, but supporters of the war wanted to enfranchise the troops fighting for the country. d. regulations issued by the Department of Justice following the passage of the Voting Rights Act that any discriminatory barriers in elections needed to be removed. 19. Opponents have voiced numerous objections for expanding the franchise, but what has not happened as a result of reducing barriers to voting? a. Those who do not own property have not despoiled those who do own property. b. There was a decline in the percentage of those eligible to turn out and vote. C. Incumbents continue to win reelection at very high rates. d. It did not prevent a century of racial discrimination at the polls. 24. What factors have the strongest influence on voting? a. Race and gender b. Income and age C. Age and education d. Race and education 27. What was the effect of more than a dozen states adopting a requirement that voters show a picture ID at the polls before the 2012 election? A. It raised the cost of participation for poor and minority voters who are more likely not to possess driver’s licenses or passports. b. It reduced the cost of participation for wealthy white voters who are more likely to have a driver’s license or a passport. c. It did not really have an effect because equal numbers of Republican and Democratic states adopted these new rules so the effects canceled each other out. d. There was no effect on the cost–benefit calculation for voters because everyone has either a driver’s license or a passport. 31. Casting a vote is making a prediction about the future A. that electing one candidate will produce a better outcome in some relevant sense than electing another candidate. b. that one candidate will implement the policies you want exactly as you would like. c. that your preferred candidate is going to win. d. that if you do not vote, your preferred candidate is going to lose. 50. Successful political campaigns a. rely exclusively on television advertising to reach voters because this is the way most voters acquire political information. b. try to win every vote so that the candidate can claim a mandate for the policies highlighted in the campaign. C. work to frame the choice in a way that underlines their candidate’s strengths and plays down his or her weaknesses. d. must rely on publicly available information because the use of any commercial information violates federal privacy laws. 51. Financing the major campaigns for federal offices in the United States privately creates what kind of dilemma? A. Meaningful elections require money, but the pursuit of money can subvert the purpose of elections. b. Candidates need to raise so much money for their campaigns that they have little time to interact with voters. c. Money has become so important that the candidates who can raise the most money always wins. d. The pool of candidates is limited to the wealthy who can selffinance their own campaigns. 52. The effect of the Supreme Court decision in Buckley v. Valeo (1976) was that a. limits on aggregate contributions from individuals was unconstitutional. B. reporting requirements and contribution limits were constitutional, but limits on spending violated the free speech protections of the First Amendment. c. Congress did not have the authority to establish campaign finance laws because elections were regulated by the states. d. corporations were entitled to the same free speech protections in the First Amendment as individuals. 56. Why has campaign spending increased in the United States? a. Eliminating restrictions on campaign contributions has made it easier for candidates to raise more money. b. The shift from television advertising to laborintensive mobilization efforts requires more resources. C. The stakes represented by elections are so high because decisions from the federal government affect every aspect of American social and economic life. d. New campaign finance laws that provide full public financing for all federal candidates has increased the competitiveness of elections since each side is equally matched. 60. Which of the following statements about spending in House elections is true? A. The more challengers spend, the more likely they are to win, but few spend enough to be competitive. b. House incumbents have such an advantage that no matter how much money challengers raise it is not enough. c. The more money incumbents spend, the greater their chances of winning reelection. d. The only route to success for challengers is raising and spending more money than incumbents. 64. The ultimate barrier to a more egalitarian campaign finance system is which of the following? a. The House and the Senate unanimously oppose it. b. The parties oppose it. C. The First Amendment to the Constitution as it is currently interpreted by the Supreme Court is the ultimate barrier to such a system. d. Such a system is expressly prohibited by the Fifth Amendment to the Constitution.
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