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UT - ANT 304 - Class Notes - Week 5

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UT - ANT 304 - Class Notes - Week 5

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background image Textbook Notes Ch. 3 Ch. 3 pg. 62­63 I. Early Waves Out of Africa ­Homo erectus: earliest hominins in genus Homo; 1.9 mil. y.a.; neck down = 
skeletally modern human
­best ex. Nariokotome boy (W. Turkana in Kenya) A. Earliest Movement out of Africa ­Dmanisi: 1.7 mil. y.a. site in Rep. of Georgia w/ Homo Erectus fossils, animal 
bones, choppers and flakes (Oldowan stone tools)
­complicated b/c some fossils & tools accumulated b/c water flow ­Sangiran: on Island of Java; Homo erectus from 1.6 mil. y.a. ­no directly associated stone tools
­elsewhere there are Oldowan­type flakes & choppers
­not a living site; deposited through river water ­Ubeidiya: 1.5 mil. y.a.; Israel in Levnatine Middle East ­hominins carried out tasks 
­tectonic shifts make layers steeply sloped, not horizontal
­large # of layer types w/ Oldowan stone artifacts, animal bones w/ cut 
marks, & one tooth of H. erectus 
­hunting horse & deer ­hominins that leave Africa hunted more than scavenging pg. 66 B. Meanwhile Back in Africa ­ Acheulian: flaked stone tool trad.; bifaces (like hand axes); 1.7 mil. y.a.; not in 
middle east until 800,000 y.a.
­lower Paleolithic
­some say deliberately manufactured shapes
­others say portable cores from which sharp edge like flakes were stuck  ­so Acheulian hominins didn’t leave until late OR movement  limited to group using Oldowan tools pg.72­75 II. Modern Humans & Neanderthals 
A. Multiregional & Recent Single Origin Models
­multiregionalism (MR) : evolutionary gene flow; modern humans everywhere in 
the old world evolved locally from ore archaic hominins b/c gene flow kept 
genetics similar enough for interbreeding
­recent single origin (RSO): modern humans originate only form Africa & spread;
mod. hum. replaced more archaeological hominins
­both models have fos. & gen. evidence
a. Skeletal Anatomy ­until 1980s hominin fossils = main data for origin of mod. human & evol. relationship

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School: University of Texas at Austin
Department: Sociology
Course: Intro Archaeol Stds: Prehist
Professor: Valdez
Term: Fall 2016
Tags: Intro to Archaeology, Archaeology, prehistoric, chapter 3, and textbook notes
Name: ANT 304 Textbook Notes Ch. 3
Description: These notes focus on specific pages from chapter three of the textbook Archaeology and Humanity's Story by Olszewski (2016).
Uploaded: 09/19/2016
2 Pages 9 Views 7 Unlocks
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