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RU - PSY 01230 - Class Notes - Week 1

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RU - PSY 01230 - Class Notes - Week 1

School: Rowan University
Department: Psychology
Course: Psychology of Personality
Professor: Dinzeo
Term: Fall 2016
Tags:
Name: Psychology of Personality, Lecture 1
Description: These notes include material from Professor Tom Dinzeo’s first PowerPoint lecture, as well as my in-class notes following each slide.
Uploaded: 09/19/2016
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background image Psychology of Personality
The following notes include material from Professor Tom Dinzeo’s first PowerPoint lecture, as 
well as my in­class notes following each slide. Personality – complex organization of cognitions, affects, and behavior that give direction and 
pattern to a person’s life. (Pervin, 1996)
­many people believe that personality reflects both experience and biology
­also involves how we think of ourselves
­May reflect our genes and also life experiences
­personality affects the behaviors we choose to engage in
­tendencies to react certain ways in certain situations
­all relevant and complex things that interact with each other over time
Theories differ on their emphasis on:
­Overt observable differences
 ex:) trait theories
­The processes that drive behavior
 ex:) unconscious urges vs. genetics
­specific domains of characteristics (high/low) that people use in their theories 
­to attempt to explain our "personalities"… How we are/why we do things
Why do we need to know about someone's "personality"? (Why is this concept useful?)
­helps us simplify a complex world
­we intuitively perceive continuity in people's behaviors and reactions
­wide array of people engaging in many different behaviors
­you can predict one's future behavior based off of their previous behavior patterns
­theories are the best attempts to explain the behaviors that we engage in
­we all have intuitive theories of personality
 ex:) when you meet someone you initially think to yourself, "is this person a threat to me?" What are theories? 
­An organizing principle that seek to explain events/phenomena
­Each theory views phenomena through a particular lens (each theory sees the world through a 
different lens)
­each have strengths and weaknesses
­what you think drives certain behaviors will determine how you theorize your plans
Perspectives
­The analogy of many different scientists looking at a different, small part of a large elephant all 
see a different things and come to different conclusions through their small, different lenses. 
­when you focus on a certain "circumference" of a phenomenon, you can determine your 
conclusion which may be completely different than someone else's
­dealing with the same thing from different perspectives
­all perspectives have their own ideas, but missing the real point
background image Ideally, theories should:
­be detailed and precise 
­have heuristic value
­The testicle and falsifiable... Because we assume there may be issues within our theories… We 
want to be able to fix issues as we move along with the scientific method
­parsimony is also desirable... Go with the more simple/streamline theory went two theories are 
very similar
­you should be able to have clear ideas within your theories
How do we study and test theories?
"Research" 
­ see if theory predicts outcome
Scientific method
­systematic way of gathering scientific evidence and testing assumptions
­self correcting
­slow process
­able to show other labs what you found that may be relevant to other research, even if it's 
something you find that is incorrect from your original thought/hypothesis
Over time, you come up with a more accurate picture Qualitative studies
­Data analysis = words
­goal = summary/comparison of what people have said
­looking at people's verbiage/speaking
­experiences
Quantitative studies
­Data analysis = numbers
­Goal = statistical summary/comparison of numbers
­using numbers to derive statistics
*­combining qualitative and quantitative is called a mixed method approach
Methods of Observation
•case study
     ­an in­depth examination of one person or small group
     ­can be rich in information
     ­good for theory development
     ­used in instances where there's a need to retrospectively go back and do interviews (example:
a school shooter)
Drawbacks of case study approach?
­poor generalizability

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School: Rowan University
Department: Psychology
Course: Psychology of Personality
Professor: Dinzeo
Term: Fall 2016
Tags:
Name: Psychology of Personality, Lecture 1
Description: These notes include material from Professor Tom Dinzeo’s first PowerPoint lecture, as well as my in-class notes following each slide.
Uploaded: 09/19/2016
5 Pages 12 Views 9 Unlocks
  • Better Grades Guarantee
  • 24/7 Homework help
  • Notes, Study Guides, Flashcards + More!
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