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PCC - CHEM 101 - Class Notes - SOC101 Chapter 4 Notes - 9/14

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PCC - CHEM 101 - Class Notes - SOC101 Chapter 4 Notes - 9/14

School: Pima Community College
Department: Chemistry
Course: Introduction to Sociology
Professor: Joanne Taylor
Term: Fall 2016
Tags: sociology, soc101, study, studysoup, and socialization
Name: SOC101 Chapter 4 Notes - 9/14
Description: These notes are from the textbook and lecture regarding socialization and the importance of it!
Uploaded: 09/19/2016
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background image 09/14 -  Sociology CHAPTER 4
Socialization: Its purpose and importance
v
  What’s the purpose of socialization?
Ø
  Established our social identity
§
  “Who am I?” Ø   Teaches us role taking
§
  A role is the behavior expected of a person in a particular social position §   We interact differently in different situations Ø   Controls our behavior
§
  We internalize social norms and values
•  The process of learned cultural behaviors and expectations so deeply that we
accept them without question (obeying laws, paying bills, ect…) Ø   Transmits culture to the next generation v   Why is it important?
Ø
  When people are deprived of social interaction, they don’t develop the characteristics that most of us see as normal Nature and Nurture
v
  How important is nature?
Ø
  Developmental and health differences
§
  Boys are at greater risk for major learning and developmental disorders §   Girls are at greater risk to suffer from depression, anxiety and eating disorders Ø   Unsuccessful sex reassignment v   How important is nurture?
Ø
  Socialization and culture shape human behavior Ø   Research shows that environment (nurture) influences a child’s genetic makeup (nature) v   Genes shape our lives and could help explain why there’s so much variation across families v   Our social environment can enhance or dampen biological characteristics
Ø
  EX: children who are genetically predisposed to obesity don’t always become overweight if parents discourage overeating and encourage physical activity Sociological Explanations of Socialization
v
  Social learning theories
Ø
  People learn new attitudes, beliefs, and behaviors through social interaction, especially during childhood v   Direct and indirect learning
Ø
  Reinforcement refers to direct or indirect rewards or punishment
§
  Direct (being told something is wrong directly) §   Indirect (learning something is wrong from others mistakes)
background image 09/14 -  Sociology Ø   Learn through observation and imitation Ø   Parents are a child’s most important role model
§
  A role model is a person we admire and whose behavior we imitate v   Symbolic Interaction Theories
Ø
  Self
§
  An awareness of one’s social identity Ø   Looking –glass self
§
  A self-image based on how we think others see us
•  Phase 1: perception
♦  We imagine how we appear to other people and how they perceive us •  Phase 2: Interpretation of the perception ♦  We imagine how others judge us •  Phase 3: Response ♦  We experience self-feelings based on how we think other people judge us Ø   Role taking
§
  Learning to take the perspective of others
•  Preparatory Stage (birth to 2 years)
♦  Mimic parents to explore self, but begins to understand cause and effect, develops a self •  Play stage (2 to 6 years) ♦  Develop significant others Ø   Someone whose opinions we value and who influences our thinking, especially about ourselves ♦  Acts out imagined roles
♦  Anticipatory socialization
Ø   Learning how to perform a role that a person will occupy •  Game stage (6 years and older) ♦  Acquiring ability to understand connections between roles
♦  Generalized other
Ø   The norms, values, and expectations of society as a whole that affect a person’s behavior Ø   When an individual acts, he or she takes into account people in general v   Impression management
Ø
  Provide information and cues to others to present ourselves in a favorable light while downplaying or concealing one’s less appealing characteristics v   Reference groups
Ø
  Groups of people who shape and individual’s self image, behavior, values, and attitudes in different contexts Primary Socialization Agents
v
  Socialization agents

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School: Pima Community College
Department: Chemistry
Course: Introduction to Sociology
Professor: Joanne Taylor
Term: Fall 2016
Tags: sociology, soc101, study, studysoup, and socialization
Name: SOC101 Chapter 4 Notes - 9/14
Description: These notes are from the textbook and lecture regarding socialization and the importance of it!
Uploaded: 09/19/2016
4 Pages 7 Views 5 Unlocks
  • Better Grades Guarantee
  • 24/7 Homework help
  • Notes, Study Guides, Flashcards + More!
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