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IC - THEA 24100 - Class Notes - Week 1

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IC - THEA 24100 - Class Notes - Week 1

School: Ithaca College
Department: Theatre
Course: History of Theatre 1
Professor: Chrystyna Dail
Term: Fall 2016
Tags:
Name: History of Theatre, Week 1 Notes
Description: -Theatre in Performance Studies -Origins of Theatre -Abydos, Athens, and Egypt -Greece and Mesoamerica
Uploaded: 09/19/2016
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background image Theatre History 8/25 Locating Theatre in Performance Studies Theatre is the long continuum of performance Performance Continuum o Play-Games-Sports-Popular Entertainment-Performing  Arts>Theatre-Daily Life-Ritual Popular Entertainment: end goal=make money Performance studies-broad spectrum approach Treats performative behavior, not just the performing arts as subject 
for serious scholarly study
Blending of cultural anthro and performing arts Entertainment, Education, Ritual, and Healing If you aren’t learning, it isn’t theatre Beyond the script:  extend your idea of text beyond what is written on a page/screen Everything can be thought of as a text…everything can be “read” History is interpretation that someone will buy The same can be said of performance There are a bunch of ways to analyze any text Expand your vision of performance to understand its greater 
cultural implications
Defining performance: o Display of skills
o Displaying recognized and culturally coded patterns of behavior
o Success of an activity is judged by a standard of achievement
o Involves a “consciousness of doubleness”
We are always judging ourselves, comparing ourselves to 
other people
Always performing and judging (as an audience) ourselves o Elements of performance: time, place, participants, scenarios,  clothing, sound, movement, purpose 8/29 Origins of Theatre – It’s Mostly Theoretical Rituals: a type of performance providing structure and continuity in our
lives
o Changes a person’s social status, has real, significant  consequences o Repetitive, fixed, reinforce values
o Efficacy over entertainment
o Tradition over technical virtuosity
o Real consequences
background image o Liminality  Basic Concerns of Ritual (according to Joseph Campbell) o Pleasure, power/conquest, duty (to God, society) Three Distinct Phases of Ritual o Separation: detachment of performers from an earlier fixed point  (graduates sitting separately from audience) o Liminality: threshold/ambiguous moment where you are between  (changing of tassel)  o Aggregation: join community as newly realized member, social  status has changed (college student to graduate) Cambridge Anthropologists (Discovered to be wrong): o Theorized that theatre was born out of ritual Ritual precedes myth Myth is the verbalization of ritual Theatre is the dramatic interpretation of myth o Grounded in “Cultural Darwinism” Assumes progressivism, everything moves in a forward 
motion and creates new forms
Ritual birthed contemporary theatre o Placed Europe as the cultural model toward which all societies  would/should evolve—if they didn’t develop theatre, they were 
primitive 
Other Theories: o Why is theatre not ritual?
o Storytelling
o Dance 
Conditions Needed for Creation of Theatre o Detached view of human problems Detached understanding when looking at other people’s 
problems
“Comic Vision” o Development of aesthetic sense For artistic/stylistic qualities, not only usefulness o Ability to organize performative elements into theatrical  experiences Need a viewer for separation, separation of labor o Acknowledge the value of theatre
o Dynamic
In the beginning: o Homo sapiens: 120,000 years ago
o Bands: nomadic, intimate, kinship and language bases, 5-80 
people o Tribes: agriculture, permanent dwellings, shared language,  hundreds of people

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School: Ithaca College
Department: Theatre
Course: History of Theatre 1
Professor: Chrystyna Dail
Term: Fall 2016
Tags:
Name: History of Theatre, Week 1 Notes
Description: -Theatre in Performance Studies -Origins of Theatre -Abydos, Athens, and Egypt -Greece and Mesoamerica
Uploaded: 09/19/2016
4 Pages 15 Views 12 Unlocks
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