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IC - THEA 24100 - Class Notes - Week 2

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IC - THEA 24100 - Class Notes - Week 2

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background image 5 th  Century Greece: Birth of Western Theatre  When speaking of classical theatre—referencing 5 th  century Greece Structure of Classical Tragedy (p 35-36 in textbook) o Prologue: opening
o Parados: entrance of chorus
o Scenes: 
o Stasima: episodes that separate scenes
o Exodos: exit/wrap-up 
Common Elements of Tragedy o Late point of attack – climactic plot structure
o Violence offstage—don’t see violence on stage
o 3 unities: time, place, action (one plot)—within revolution of the 
sun (24 hrs) o Based on history/myth
o Characterization based on psychology and ethics
Funding:  o Archon Eponymos
o Choregoi: paid for chorus, musicians, and other incidentals—
wealthiest people in Athens, civic duty to fully support a 
playwright about ever 3 yrs 
o Athenian state: paid for theatre space, awards, principal actors,  and sometimes the playwright Subjectivity: competition between playwright’s work Directing:  o Playwrights concern, responsible for total unity of the production, didaskalos= teacher Aeschylus (543-456 BCE) o Introduced second actor
o Reduced the chorus size from 50 to 12
o The Oresteia: the only existing trilogy
o Gods (philosophical/religious playwright) and wars
o Most theatrical/spectacle of the tragedians
Sophocles (496-404 BCE) o Wrote over 120 plays
o Oedipus the King
o Most highly lauded od the tragedians
o Introduced 3
rd  actor o Chorus size at 15
o (Possibly) started the use of scenic painting
o Focus on humanity and the control of a higher law
Athenian and Citizen: only masculine forms o Women aren’t there to be main focus Meant to be wives and bare children Euripides (490 – 406 BCE)
background image o Bad boy of 5 th  century: despised w/in Athens—questioning laws of democracy/Greek culture (ie. Women’s role in society) o Seen as a lesser playwright in Aristotle’s eyes Wrote about taboo characters/subjects Most contemporary of playwrights Hypocrite: wrote against the gods o Limits the chorus severely
o Multiple plot lines
o Tragicomedy or melodrama 
Architecture and Design: o Theatron: “seeing space”
o Orchestra: “dancing place”
o Skene: actors emerge from—backstage area
o Paraskenia: front entrance doors
o Mechane: machine that flew things in and out
o Thymele: stage area, most sacred area (center)—sacrifices 
occurred  Costuming:  o Chorus costumes: relatively realistic
o Principal actors: wore long chiton decorated tunic—tragedy 
Boots with heel o Comedy costumes: short, tight chiton with over-emphasized  genitalia o Full head masks worn by all (except aulos player) in tragedy &  comedy End of golden age:  o Comedy becomes more popular during the 4 th  century o Chorus disappears entirely
o 35 BCE- professional actor appears
o 325 BCE- stone theatrical structure
o  322 BCE- Greek democracy ends (508 BCE- birth of 
democracy) o 300 BCE- Athens is no longer  the cultural center 9/9 Hellenistic and Roman Empires Hellenistic Age: 336 BCE Alexander becomes king of Macedonia Greek (or Hellenic) culture spreads throughout Egypt, Asia Minor, 
central Asia, and India
Increase of theatre festivals Hellenistic Actors: Actors are more important than playwrights Artists of Dionysus (277 BCE)—like Actors Equity today

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School: Ithaca College
Department: Theatre
Course: History of Theatre 1
Professor: Chrystyna Dail
Term: Fall 2016
Tags:
Name: History of Theatre I, Week 2 Notes
Description: -5th Century Greece: Birth of Western Theatre -Hellenic and Roman Empires
Uploaded: 09/19/2016
4 Pages 7 Views 5 Unlocks
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