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IC - THEA 24100 - Class Notes - Week 4

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IC - THEA 24100 - Class Notes - Week 4

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background image Medieval Christian Performance Rise of Christianity: Roman Empire originally anti-Christian Constantine converts to Christianity in 313 CE Theodosius I outlaws all non-Christian religions in 393 CE Byzantine Empire; Christian anti-theatrical prejudice in Roman Empire Byzantine Empire always allows theatre Great schism 1054 CE: Roman Catholic and Eastern Orthodox Byzantium falls to Islam in the 9 th  Century o Spreads over Eastern Byzantine Empire
o Brings ideas, papermaking, etc.
o Protect Greek classics and documents
People move into Persia (Iran), (modern day) Indonesia, Philippines, 
etc. 
Liturgical Drama – Inside the Church: 754 CE - the Christian liturgy is standardized o Mass in Latin Hrosvitha (935 - 973 or 1002? CE): First known female dramatist in 
Western culture
o Adapted Terence’s plays for nuns
o First identifiable (female) dramatist to bring us out of the dark 
ages to the middle ages o Continuity between classical and medieval drama Bible music-dramas (Ex:  The Play of Daniel) – Miracle Plays (in and out  of church) o Early 10 th  century: performances of the bible by priests in church Mansions: Platforms, move from mansion to mansion in church to 
perform for each area of people in cathedrals
Platea: space between the mansions, moving across time and space or 
becoming a different character
Christian Drama Outside the Church: 1264 CE – creation of the feast of Corpus Christi Cycle Plays (1350-1550): an outside drama performed Thurs after 
Pentecost Sunday
o Aka Mystery Plays
o Reigned throughout Medieval Europe in language of people 
(vernacular) o Performed for religious guilds, craftspeople, or entire town Designed by religious people, later on by 
crafts/tradespeople
o Heaven and Hell (the hell mouth, fire-breathing dragon) depicted
o Complex special effects = “secrets”
background image Special effects managers—the directors of the secrets o Pageant wagons or platforms in center of town Morality Plays: Link between religious plays and secular plays of Renaissance 
Europe
Seven virtues/vices Allegorical Everyman (c. 1510) Became professionalized o Eventually performed in universities
o Transition between medieval period and western 
renaissance Pippin: modern-day morality play Drama in Islamic Culture & Early Indian Drama Islam: The word Islam means “submission to God” Koran derives from the verb meaning “vocal recitation” o Koran cast orally to followers  Muhammad (570-632) 622 CE recitations recorded by his followers Shadow Puppetry: Wayang kulit Javanese/Balinese—Key practitioners Puppets are made of leather and unrealistic Dalang – puppeteer o Manipulates 4 puppets and voices them behind screen
o Can last anywhere from 4 hours to overnight
The puppets represent liminality – between this world and another Shi’i and Sunni: Emam: man most knowledgeable of the Koran Muslims had no clear leader after the death of Muhammed Shi’ites – divine descendants of Ali (d. 661) o 10-15% Sunnites – leadership based on individual skill o 85-90% Battle in 68- during the first 10 days of Muharram Ta’ziyeh: Emerged during the Qajar Period (1796-1925) Commemorates the martyrdom of Hussein Takiyeh – performance space built specifically

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School: Ithaca College
Department: Theatre
Course: History of Theatre 1
Professor: Chrystyna Dail
Term: Fall 2016
Tags:
Name: History of Theatre I, Week 4 Notes
Description: -Medieval Christian Performance -Drama in Islamic Culture & Early Indian Drama
Uploaded: 09/19/2016
3 Pages 9 Views 7 Unlocks
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