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Virginia Tech - PSCI 1014 - Class Notes - Week 2

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Virginia Tech - PSCI 1014 - Class Notes - Week 2

School: Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University
Department: Science
Course: U.S. Government/Politics
Professor: Caitlin Jewitt
Term: Fall 2016
Tags: political science, Government, constitution, federalists, federalist, Politic, politicalscience, and federalistpapers
Name: Constitution Notes
Description: Notes covering everything from the features of the constitution to the federalist papers.
Uploaded: 09/19/2016
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background image McQuade 2016
Political Science 1014
Features of the Constitution President as the head of the executive branch. Elected by the Electoral 
College for a four-year term. 
o In general citizenship follows the mother, because it’s clearly less debatable.  Analyzing the Constitution  o Looking back at British common law to try and figure out what  the framers meant It’s the framers  frame of reference, what they really meant. o Most of the men who wrote the constitution became members of  congress Using proceedings from the first congress allows us to 
better interpret what the framers had in mind. 
o Ted Cruz was born in to an American mother, making him  American from birth though he wasn’t born on American soil.  o If the speaker of the house doesn’t meet standards, then it just  skips down the line of procession.  Bicameral Legislature Independent Judiciary. Justices serve for life after presidential 
nomination and Senate confirmation
Separation of Powers The Powers of Congress The Americans at the time (and let’s face it now) were very fearful of a 
big government. 
Largest number of expressed powers, including the commerce clause The framers closed their long list of powers with the necessary and 
proper clause 
o Also known as the Elastic clause  In 2010, the house passed a law that expresses where in the 
constitution it is justified
The Powers of the Executive Limited enumerated powers with clear checks on presidential power Fear of a power executive  Limited the scope and ability of the office to demand authority.  Had powers to  o Receive ambassadors 
o Commander in chief
o Nominating executive officers
o Negotiate treaties
o Veto power over 
Checks on those expressed powers
background image McQuade 2016
Political Science 1014
o Senate approval 
o Cannot declare war 
o Can override a presidential veto
Take care clause  o Article 2 states that the president takes care that the laws are  faithfully executed President uses it to “take care” of the people The Powers of the Judicial Branch Final Jurisdiction Supremacy clause o Federal laws trump state laws Amending the Constitution 2/3 of each legislative chamber and ¾ of state legislatures  2/3 of state legislatures call for a convention. Proposed amendments 
need ¾ of state legislatures. 
The Constitution and Current Events Clinton wants a constitutional amendment overturning Citizens United The Constitution is a living document  Living Constitution Can the constitution provide the blueprint for modern democratic 
governance? If so, how has it remained relevant after more than 200 
year
o The constitution is just a framework for how the government  should be run o It can evolve as society evolves.  Four reasons the constitution is a living document o We ignore the parts that have become irrelevant  That a slave is 3/5 of a person Quartering Soldiers, just ignore it o Ambiguity The constitution is very flexible Written in variable and indeterminate language   o Such as the supremacy and necessary and  proper clause o Amending process Narrow, technical corrections Mandating equal protection  o Multiple interpreters Presidents interpreter it quite broadly

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School: Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University
Department: Science
Course: U.S. Government/Politics
Professor: Caitlin Jewitt
Term: Fall 2016
Tags: political science, Government, constitution, federalists, federalist, Politic, politicalscience, and federalistpapers
Name: Constitution Notes
Description: Notes covering everything from the features of the constitution to the federalist papers.
Uploaded: 09/19/2016
5 Pages 11 Views 8 Unlocks
  • Better Grades Guarantee
  • 24/7 Homework help
  • Notes, Study Guides, Flashcards + More!
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