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UIUC - SOC 250 - ANSC Exam 1 Notes Updated - Study Guide

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UIUC - SOC 250 - ANSC Exam 1 Notes Updated - Study Guide

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background image ANSC 250 Exam #1 Study Guide Companion Animal: provides humans company and are kept for 
pleasure than utility by receiving personal attention
o Main benefits are non-commerical, roles are for  guarding/protection, search/rescue, racing, hunting, etc. Human-Animal Bond: mutually beneficial and dynamic relationship b/w 
people & animals that’s influenced by behaviors that are essential to 
the health of both
Benefits: Reduce stress, promotes healthier lifestyles, 
increases social interaction, self-esteem, etc.
Domestication: happens to population of animals where traits are 
passed to offspring and changes in physical and behavioral traits)
o Guns Germs & Steel  by Jarod Diamond  Flexible Diet Reasonably fast growth rate Ability to be bred in captivity (Increased reproduction) Pleasant disposition Even temperament Modifiable social hierarchy  We also often see physical variability (size, color, etc) o NOT TAMING when an individual animal keeps its wild  characteristics and doesn’t pass off traits to offspring Finding one animal and taming it doesn’t mean “tameness”
in its genes
o “Functional Domestication” (Morphological changes)
o Example: Tameness (raising wolf pups) vs. Domestication (silver 
fox exp.) Dog History o Believed to appear 16,000 years ago, where’s debated and  currently unknown  o How: Human Mediated Domestication Clutton-Brock “Wolves as food/fur, pups are a travel 
snack”
Taking in orphaned wolf puppies, keeping the most 
tame, culling those too aggressive to handle
Self Domestication: dog domesticated themselves  Most naturally tame wolves scavenged close to 
human settlements and got more food -> became 
more fit
Natural selection creates the domesticated dog o Variability: First were Pariah/Village dogs, first purebred was  Saluki (5-6000 ya) Selective Breeding (intentionally choosing wanted traits)
background image Pre-1800s: Used for function  Early 1800s: Concern with form  Post WWII: Became family dog (“American Dream”) 
and increased demand for purebred
Today: VERY selective breeding with Kennel Clubs When and Where – Cats o Emerged 8,000 years ago from the Fertile Crescent to catch mice
o Origin of Variability – mostly relied on different coat colors, fur 
length Ancient Egypt first domesticated for respected religious 
rituals
Middle Ages changed the perception of cats to be 
connected to witchcraft, the devil to be killed
o Majority today are called domestic short, medium, and  longhaired cats (mutts) o Kennel Clubs were founded in 1873 in the UK  for dog breeders (American Kennel Club, Cat 
Fancier’s Association)
o Issues with breed standards and inbreeding  (182 commonly known inbred diseases) Working Dogs o Traditional working roles Hunting (sight, scent, and gun dogs) Livestock protection and herding Pulling Protection (guarding and warfare) o Hunting (Sighthounds) One of the first working roles (Saluki, Greyhound, Irish 
Wolfhound, Whippet, Scottish Deerhound)
Hunt based on sight from long distances Faster dogs to chase prey Developed in arid, desert-like environments where 
tracking by scent is difficult
Hunting (Scent Hounds) Large, droopy ears and more open nasal passages for
capturing and processing scents
Bred for endurance, not speed o Eg. Basset hounds, Beagles, Foxhounds,  Coonhound, Harrier, Bloodhounds  Bird or Sporting Dogs Gun dogs developed to accommodate the invention 
of the gun for hunting
o Pointers (English, German Shorthaired)
background image o Retrievers (Labs, Goldens, Poodles)
o Setters (English and Irish)
o Flushing (spaniels, Cocker, Clumber, Sussex)
Livestock Protection Guarding flocks/herds raised with livestock Protect them from natural predators (deter, don’t 
fight or kill)
o Eg. Great Pyrenees, Kangal, Anatolian  Shepherd  Livestock Herding Move livestock for handler o Listen to handler, but also think independently 
o Flocking nature of livestock species
o “Heelers” – type of herding dog used to nip at 
the heels of larger livestock  o Eg. Border collies, corgis, Australian cattle dog, German Shepherd, Old English sheepdog  Pulling/Carting Help owners move large loads in a variety of 
situations
o Sled Dogs (colder, snow covered  environments), work in packs Eg. Huskies, Malamutes, Alaskan husky 
(mixed breed)
o Cart dogs pulled carts, farming equipment, and other heavy loads as well, often individually Bernese Mountain Dog,  Rottweiler, St. 
Bernards 
Ratting/Pest Control Terriers were dogs org. bred as a form of pest control o Named after the latin word for earth “terra” Long legged terriers (digging), short legged terriers 
(chasing quarry underground)
Bull terriers- bred for bull baiting and holding bulls for
butchers 
Protection/Guard Dogs Protect people and property Bark at unfamiliar people and engage if they enter 
property
o Can only discriminate between familiar and  unfamiliar Not good vs. bad people o Warfare

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School: University of Illinois at Urbana - Champaign
Department: Sociology
Course: Companion Animals in Society
Professor: S Albert
Term: Fall 2016
Tags:
Name: ANSC Exam 1 Notes Updated
Description: These notes cover all materials for the first exam.
Uploaded: 09/19/2016
12 Pages 18 Views 14 Unlocks
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