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Intro to Mass MediaShane Frederick, Fall 2016Table of ContentsRed: important termsGreen: other important informationPurple: names of important peopleChapter 6 (Music)The internet is changing the face of the music industryo Aspiring artists no longer need to rely on expensive publicists, recording studios, or contacts within the industryo Artists now have more control o Artists can also develop a more intimate relationship with their fansTwitterEvolution of Pop Musico Pop music: any genre of music that appeals to a wide audience or subcultureoThomas Edison invented the phonographoEmile Berliner invented the gramophoneo Opera singers were the stars of the 19th centuryo Copyright laws were strengthened in the 19th centuryoNumerous publishers began to emerge in NY in an area that came to be known is the Tin Pan Alleyo Popular artists started conforming to the tastes of their intended audienceo Pop music included Vaudeville and Ragtime o Tin Pan Alley started hiring songwriters to compose music based on public demand and mainstream tastesThe Roaring 20’s o Advent of electrical recording o Rapid growth of radio1920s to 1950s were considered the golden age of radioo Copyright Act of 1911The 30’s: The Rise of Jazz and BluesoJazz originated in New Orleans and was primarily instrumental; encompassed many styles including:African RhythmsGospelBluesoKing Oliver and Louis Armstrong
o Some bands played in Speakeasies which gave them the reputation of being immoralo Big Band StyleContained elements of ragtime, black spirituals, blues, and European MusicDuke Ellington, Coleman Hawkins, and Glenn MillerFormat became more structured Swingo Blues:12 bar musical form with call and response format between the singer and their guitarDealt with the themes of personal adversity, overcoming hard luck, and other emotional turmoilBlues didn’t spread as significantly to the North; became more regional in certain areasThe invention of the Electrical Guitar intensified the sound and volume, and laid the foundation for Rock and Roll1940’s: Technology ProgressesoReel-to-Reel tape recorder inventedoVinyl records could be played on the gramophoneWent from 78 rpm, to 33 rpmoFrank Sinatra and Ella Fitzgerald rose in popularity among teen listeners1950’s: Rock and Rollo TV invented which threatened the radioAs a result the radio focused more on musicRise of shows such as the Top 40Payola: illegal practice of receiving payment from a record company for broadcasting a certain son on the radioScandal in Cleveland Ohioo R&BAppealed to young listenersClassified as “race music” but there was a large crossoverLittle Richard and Chuck BerryElvis PresleyIntroduced the culture of Black music to white cultureBlended rock and country1960’s: Rock and Roll branches off from R&Bo The British InvasionThe BeatlesElements of Skiffle, Doo-Wop, and SoulInitiated the Merseybeat genreAppeared on theEd Sullivan showThe Kinks, Zombies, Animals, Herman’s Hermits, and the Rolling Stones
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School: Minnesota State University - Mankato
Department: Mass Media Communication
Course: Introduction to MASS Media
Professor: Shane Frederik
Term: Fall 2016
Name: Mass Media: Chapter 6 (Music)
Description: Detailed, color coded notes on Chapter 6: Music.