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UNT - HIST 1060 - Study Guide - Midterm

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UNT - HIST 1060 - Study Guide - Midterm

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background image Hist 1060 Exam 1 Study Guide The first exam covers Ming/Qing China, Tokugawa Japan, Yi Korea, Islamic Empires, and 
whatever is covered in the lectures Sept. 19­23.
The History topic, What is History?, is not really necessary for the exam. Ming and Qing China Ming dynasty came after Yuan (Mongol) dynasty and was a huge shift in Chinese tradtitions.   After the Yuan, the Ming wanted to fix all the foreign problems they caused and sparked a surge in Neo­Confucianism The Ming were the great wall builders and constructed a massive wall system to keep out the northern barbarians Ming Government Autocratic emperor Bureaucratic court Divided China into provinces to be governed Hierarchal system Ming Economy Gradual movement from farming society to merchant trading Cash crops became popular for sale Movement from Yuan paper to silver Very strong market economy Neo­Confucianism in Ming Women’s roles start to shrink Lost ability to inherit and own property Foot­binding became a mark of beauty and Chinese identity Women were socially immobile Ming and the Europeans
background image Europeans start moving towards China looking for trade Trying to find markets and goods Cut out the Islamic middle­men Trying to Christianize China The Ming needed silver from the Europeans Europeans in China Portugal was first to reach China China limited access until 1557 Traded between Japan and China The Dutch started to push out the Portuguese Portuguese=Catholic tried to convert Chinese Dutch=Protestant did not try to convert Chinese End of Ming Dynasty Factionalism­ court officials divided and fought amongst themselves, this led to internal struggles Natural Disasters and Internal Rebellions were thought to be a sign of the Emperor losing the Mandate of Heaven Uprising led by Li Zicheng took Beijing and Ming army and Manchus had to join forces to retake the city Manchus Consolidation of nomadic tribes north of China, established the Kingdom of Manchuria, encroached on Chinese territory and took Beijing, they did not relinquish control of the city and instated their own government over the Ming Qing Dynasty  Expanded empire through military conquest Faced Zunghar Mongols to the west Economy flourished with expanded trade
background image Nine Pillars of the Qing 1. Ethnic Balance­ five people of the Qing Different levels of importance and social status
Manchu, Mongol, Tibetan, Muslims, Han
Han (Chinese) was largest majority but least significant 2. Mandate of Heaven Ideology Emperor can rule as long as he is blessed by heaven
Government was responsible for basic needs of citizens
Motivated government to be good to prevent rebellions 3. Family Ideology Neo­confucianism 
Parallel conception of family and society
Ordered family meant ordered society 4. Separate Spheres for genders Different standards for men and women
Han women had very low status while Manchu women had high 
Different rules applied to different people 5. Civil Service Examination System A way to test qualifications of people for bureaucracy
Many levels of tests
Mainly rich people qualified b/c education was expensive 6. Civil Administration Hierarchal levels of administration
Censorship tests to root out corruption
Advisors to emperor, bureaucrats, governors, local elites, etc. 7. Ritual and Religion Qi­energy
Yin and Yang­ balanced energy forces in nature
Many gods of various purposes, somewhat religious freedom 8. Military Divided into a Manchu army and a Han army
Both were hereditary forces, soldiers begot more soldiers
9. Hydraulic Engineering Systems Qing very good at using water, dams, irrigation, etc. Military would use them sometimes to flood cities Qing and Foreign Trade Qing needed silver for economy Foreigners limited to one port at Canton Heavily taxed foreign trade

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School: University of North Texas
Department: History
Course: World History 1600 to Present
Professor: Kristin Bocchine
Term: Fall 2016
Tags: history
Name: Hist 1060 exam 1 study guide
Description: This study guide covers the beginning of the lecture series to the very beginnings of India.
Uploaded: 09/19/2016
11 Pages 114 Views 91 Unlocks
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