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Hist 1060 Exam 1 Study GuideThe first exam covers Ming/Qing China, Tokugawa Japan, Yi Korea, Islamic Empires, and whatever is covered in the lectures Sept. 1923.The History topic, What is History?, is not really necessary for the exam.Ming and Qing ChinaMing dynasty came after Yuan (Mongol) dynasty and was a huge shift in Chinesetradtitions. After the Yuan, the Ming wanted to fix all the foreign problems they caused and sparkeda surge in NeoConfucianismThe Ming were the great wall builders and constructed a massive wall system to keep outthe northern barbariansMing GovernmentAutocratic emperorBureaucratic courtDivided China into provinces to be governedHierarchal systemMing EconomyGradual movement from farming society to merchant tradingCash crops became popular for saleMovement from Yuan paper to silverVery strong market economyNeoConfucianism in MingWomen’s roles start to shrinkLost ability to inherit and own propertyFootbinding became a mark of beauty and Chinese identityWomen were socially immobileMing and the Europeans
Europeans start moving towards China looking for tradeTrying to find markets and goodsCut out the Islamic middlemenTrying to Christianize ChinaThe Ming needed silver from the EuropeansEuropeans in ChinaPortugal was first to reach ChinaChina limited access until 1557Traded between Japan and ChinaThe Dutch started to push out the PortuguesePortuguese=Catholic tried to convert ChineseDutch=Protestant did not try to convert ChineseEnd of Ming DynastyFactionalism court officials divided and fought amongst themselves, this led tointernal strugglesNatural Disasters and Internal Rebellions were thought to be a sign of theEmperor losing the Mandate of HeavenUprising led by Li Zicheng took Beijing and Ming army and Manchus had to joinforces to retake the cityManchusConsolidation of nomadic tribes north of China, established the Kingdom ofManchuria, encroached on Chinese territory and took Beijing, they did notrelinquish control of the city and instated their own government over theMingQing Dynasty Expanded empire through military conquestFaced Zunghar Mongols to the westEconomy flourished with expanded trade
Nine Pillars of the Qing1. Ethnic Balance five people of the QingDifferent levels of importance and social status Manchu, Mongol, Tibetan, Muslims, HanHan (Chinese) was largest majority but least significant2. Mandate of Heaven IdeologyEmperor can rule as long as he is blessed by heaven Government was responsible for basic needs of citizensMotivated government to be good to prevent rebellions3. Family IdeologyNeoconfucianism Parallel conception of family and societyOrdered family meant ordered society4. Separate Spheres for gendersDifferent standards for men and women Han women had very low status while Manchu women had high Different rules applied to different people5. Civil Service Examination SystemA way to test qualifications of people for bureaucracy Many levels of testsMainly rich people qualified b/c education was expensive6. Civil AdministrationHierarchal levels of administration Censorship tests to root out corruptionAdvisors to emperor, bureaucrats, governors, local elites, etc.7. Ritual and ReligionQienergy Yin and Yang balanced energy forces in natureMany gods of various purposes, somewhat religious freedom8. MilitaryDivided into a Manchu army and a Han army Both were hereditary forces, soldiers begot more soldiers9. Hydraulic Engineering SystemsQing very good at using water, dams, irrigation, etc.Military would use them sometimes to flood citiesQing and Foreign TradeQing needed silver for economyForeigners limited to one port at CantonHeavily taxed foreign trade
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Join more than 18,000+ college students at University of North Texas who use StudySoup to get ahead
School: University of North Texas
Course: World History 1600 to Present
Professor: Kristin Bocchine
Term: Fall 2016
Name: Hist 1060 exam 1 study guide
Description: This study guide covers the beginning of the lecture series to the very beginnings of India.