Limited time offer 20% OFF StudySoup Subscription details

UNT - HIST 1060 - Study Guide - Midterm

Created by: Justin Larremore Elite Notetaker

> > > > UNT - HIST 1060 - Study Guide - Midterm

UNT - HIST 1060 - Study Guide - Midterm

0 5 3 32 Reviews
This preview shows pages 1 - 3 of a 11 page document. to view the rest of the content
background image Hist 1060 Exam 1 Study Guide The first exam covers Ming/Qing China, Tokugawa Japan, Yi Korea, Islamic Empires, and 
whatever is covered in the lectures Sept. 19­23.
The History topic, What is History?, is not really necessary for the exam. Ming and Qing China Ming dynasty came after Yuan (Mongol) dynasty and was a huge shift in Chinese tradtitions.   After the Yuan, the Ming wanted to fix all the foreign problems they caused and sparked a surge in Neo­Confucianism The Ming were the great wall builders and constructed a massive wall system to keep out the northern barbarians Ming Government Autocratic emperor Bureaucratic court Divided China into provinces to be governed Hierarchal system Ming Economy Gradual movement from farming society to merchant trading Cash crops became popular for sale Movement from Yuan paper to silver Very strong market economy Neo­Confucianism in Ming Women’s roles start to shrink Lost ability to inherit and own property Foot­binding became a mark of beauty and Chinese identity Women were socially immobile Ming and the Europeans
background image Europeans start moving towards China looking for trade Trying to find markets and goods Cut out the Islamic middle­men Trying to Christianize China The Ming needed silver from the Europeans Europeans in China Portugal was first to reach China China limited access until 1557 Traded between Japan and China The Dutch started to push out the Portuguese Portuguese=Catholic tried to convert Chinese Dutch=Protestant did not try to convert Chinese End of Ming Dynasty Factionalism­ court officials divided and fought amongst themselves, this led to internal struggles Natural Disasters and Internal Rebellions were thought to be a sign of the Emperor losing the Mandate of Heaven Uprising led by Li Zicheng took Beijing and Ming army and Manchus had to join forces to retake the city Manchus Consolidation of nomadic tribes north of China, established the Kingdom of Manchuria, encroached on Chinese territory and took Beijing, they did not relinquish control of the city and instated their own government over the Ming Qing Dynasty  Expanded empire through military conquest Faced Zunghar Mongols to the west Economy flourished with expanded trade
background image Nine Pillars of the Qing 1. Ethnic Balance­ five people of the Qing Different levels of importance and social status
Manchu, Mongol, Tibetan, Muslims, Han
Han (Chinese) was largest majority but least significant 2. Mandate of Heaven Ideology Emperor can rule as long as he is blessed by heaven
Government was responsible for basic needs of citizens
Motivated government to be good to prevent rebellions 3. Family Ideology Neo­confucianism 
Parallel conception of family and society
Ordered family meant ordered society 4. Separate Spheres for genders Different standards for men and women
Han women had very low status while Manchu women had high 
Different rules applied to different people 5. Civil Service Examination System A way to test qualifications of people for bureaucracy
Many levels of tests
Mainly rich people qualified b/c education was expensive 6. Civil Administration Hierarchal levels of administration
Censorship tests to root out corruption
Advisors to emperor, bureaucrats, governors, local elites, etc. 7. Ritual and Religion Qi­energy
Yin and Yang­ balanced energy forces in nature
Many gods of various purposes, somewhat religious freedom 8. Military Divided into a Manchu army and a Han army
Both were hereditary forces, soldiers begot more soldiers
9. Hydraulic Engineering Systems Qing very good at using water, dams, irrigation, etc. Military would use them sometimes to flood cities Qing and Foreign Trade Qing needed silver for economy Foreigners limited to one port at Canton Heavily taxed foreign trade

This is the end of the preview. Please to view the rest of the content
Join more than 18,000+ college students at University of North Texas who use StudySoup to get ahead
School: University of North Texas
Department: History
Course: World History 1600 to Present
Professor: Kristin Bocchine
Term: Fall 2016
Tags: history
Name: Hist 1060 exam 1 study guide
Description: This study guide covers the beginning of the lecture series to the very beginnings of India.
Uploaded: 09/19/2016
11 Pages 94 Views 75 Unlocks
  • Better Grades Guarantee
  • 24/7 Homework help
  • Notes, Study Guides, Flashcards + More!
Recommended Documents
Join StudySoup for FREE
Get Full Access to UNT - history 1060 - Study Guide - Midterm
Join with Email
Already have an account? Login here
×
Log in to StudySoup
Get Full Access to UNT - history 1060 - Study Guide - Midterm

Forgot password? Reset password here

Reset your password

I don't want to reset my password

Need help? Contact support

Need an Account? Is not associated with an account
Sign up
We're here to help

Having trouble accessing your account? Let us help you, contact support at +1(510) 944-1054 or support@studysoup.com

Got it, thanks!
Password Reset Request Sent An email has been sent to the email address associated to your account. Follow the link in the email to reset your password. If you're having trouble finding our email please check your spam folder
Got it, thanks!
Already have an Account? Is already in use
Log in
Incorrect Password The password used to log in with this account is incorrect
Try Again

Forgot password? Reset it here