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SOC 101 Study Guide for exam #1

by: Lukas Notetaker

SOC 101 Study Guide for exam #1 SOC 101

Marketplace > Tri-County Technical College > Sociology > SOC 101 > SOC 101 Study Guide for exam 1
Lukas Notetaker
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About this Document

These notes cover system of knowledge, individualism, and scientific methods.
Intro to Sociology
Timothy J Bertoni
Study Guide
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This 8 page Study Guide was uploaded by Lukas Notetaker on Monday September 19, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to SOC 101 at Tri-County Technical College taught by Timothy J Bertoni in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 15 views. For similar materials see Intro to Sociology in Sociology at Tri-County Technical College.


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Date Created: 09/19/16
• Introduction a. Black and white in the USA b. Chimpanzees are affected by the society c. There are many perspectives to see the world d. Individualism was positive e. Now, individualism is treated negatively f. The end of World War 2 opens up despair and hope g. We gradually learn from Frazier that behavior engineer is possible h. Thus torture was existed i. There are great forces from our society: whether it is bad or good j. Sociology is about the courage of a person to confront comfortable ways  of thinking  • Individualism ◦ Ted Kacynski  Ted Kaczynski is introduced with his outstanding intelligence  He broke the society influence and found his “individualism”  He then quit his well­positioned job  He started bombing scientists  He wants to revenge anything that opposes “Freedom”  Individualism is the most dominant value in American society  Ted might be affected by this individualism ideology  Isolation can be either to find inner peace or to bring destructive manners 1. A Culture of Individualism a. Nigerian culture is opposite from American culture b. In Nigeria, “It takes a village to raise a child” c. Individualism has been dominating TV shows in American culture  Economic Individualism  There are many private businesses in America  Thus capitalist economic system becomes so dominant  The employees are responsible for their individual work 1. Individualism in Economic Theory a. Capitalism promotes an individualist philosophy where self­interest is  rewarded • What’s Wrong with Individualism? ◦ Freedom can either be positive or negative ◦ Individualism in America keeps increasing every year ◦ Some community leaders and influential public figures still support  individualism The evidences of why Ted’s extreme commitment to individualism:  His Intentional avoidance of personal relationships  His deliberate physical separation form others  His belief that he could live out his life completely independent of a larger community  His solitary development of a personal program of social reform  his Private strategy to unilaterally impose his ideas through a series of violent acts that  destroyed the lives of others An ideal nation still doesn’t exist yet because there is more power from warriors. Also, because some  people still lack of knowledge. Soul Interest Class Virtue Reason Knowledge Philosophers Wisdom Spirit Honor Warriors Courage Desire Pleasures Commoners Temperance What determines we do a wrong thing are faith and believes. Most people are in science category. The reason is because when we explain why a thing happens, we  can explain it based on the truth. Monday 09/19/2016: Exam #1  Friday 09/16/2016: Paper’s due Socratic  Uses mystical knowledge.  Use opinions. Therefore, many people didn’t believe him and kill him. Plato  He continues what Socratic wrote.  True in every sense  Behave according to knowledge in every age  Ex: Baby behaves like ignorant  Culture, language, and any other external forms make a bias perception. • Senses bias our perception • First impression. • Aristotle Man is by nature a social animal: an individual who is unsocial naturally and not accidentally is  either beneath our notice or more than human. Society is something that precedes the individual.  Anyone who either cannot lead the common life or is so self­sufficient as not to need to, and therefore  does not partake of society, is either beast or God.  He has naive realism  Aristotle tutors Alexander  Mainly focus on Language, then sentences.  He uses deduction method Deduction Method  Ideal reality: it doesn’t come from what we perceive.  Primary substances: what we knowledge.  Rationalize logic and knowledge.  Men want to know more.  Mind → Language → World  Language structures and creates reality.  Matter is internal  Observation of change  Change is also a matter. Therefore, there is something what makes it change.  Matter: Potential to grow up.  Form: Actual reality.  There are two groups in class: a teacher and a student. Then, learning happens.  If a woman to get power, then becomes a man. Three kinds of governments: ◦ One ◦ A few ◦ Many 1517 2. Movements characterized by Catholic churches. 3. Salvation can be bought. 4. Oct 1 ­ Hallowen Day. 5. The rival ideology. Illegal divorces in church. 6. Example: Martin Luther King posted signs on churches, etc. 1534 2. The church ideology contains individualism. 3. The rival ideology kept growing. 1633 1. The bible says the sun moves. This statement contradicts what Galileo says which the  sun doesn’t move. 2. Galileo was sentenced because what he says opposed what the bible says. 1648 2. The peace negotiations. 3. The church ideology ended. The most important thing is Individualism progresses in the years. It will change over the years. Which  is mostly related to the rival ideology. It is mainly religion, but there are many more things to be looked for. Bacon 1. He doesn’t create anything new. 2. In 1620, he made a new  3. Mind and body are one thing. 4. He uses induction method Newton’s laws follow perfectly induction and deduction methods. Idols are the filters of what we look at the world. So our perception is bias. Every idol is a bias.  4 Idols of mind: 1. Tribe  Human nature/experience.  We want to know validations.  Body is connected to mind. We use our senses to perceive the world.  Limited to our own perspective.  See the world based on our knowledge. Example: biology, chemistry, etc.  What happens in the church. They obligate what galileo says. (Example  of Tribe idol)  Humanity. 2. Cave  Personal  From our experience.  What you think you know 3. Theater Culture. Society. Bigger that tribal. 4. Market  Idols of the language.  Language biases our perception.  Hold altogether into our mind.  We learn from our experience. Sep 14, 2016 Naive realism : perception is reality. Two fundamental answer to true knowledge:  Empirical Thinking  Something real out there  Rational Thinking  Beyond our perception ■ God ■ Math Rene Descartes  He was afraid of making a new method, because he knew what happened with Galileo  Accept nothing is true unless it is clear enough that we don’t have any doubt about it.  Rationalism  Only God who knows the certainty.   Question all things. David Hume  Throw any knowledge and be yourself.  Dare to know.  He is a part of the science movement  He only believes in empirical thinking.  Is the future like the past? (The problem of induction). We can’t generalize things that  will change in the future.  Nothing remains the same.  All things happen because of probabilities.


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