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Beginning French, Cont. Unité 9 Exam Study Guide

by: Julia Murray

Beginning French, Cont. Unité 9 Exam Study Guide FR 1225

Marketplace > University of Oklahoma > French > FR 1225 > Beginning French Cont Unit 9 Exam Study Guide
Julia Murray

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This is a study guide covering everything that will be on the Unité 9 exam. Specifically: -vocab -verbs -concepts (il y a, pendant, depuis, comparative/superlative, double object pronouns) -pa...
Beginning French, Continued
Rokiatou Soumare
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french study guide, beginning french
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This 6 page Study Guide was uploaded by Julia Murray on Monday September 19, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to FR 1225 at University of Oklahoma taught by Rokiatou Soumare in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 26 views. For similar materials see Beginning French, Continued in French at University of Oklahoma.


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Date Created: 09/19/16
French Unite 9 Study Guide Vocab Things to Remember Vocab: Un fruit – a fruit une cantine - cafeteria Une poire – a pear un supermarché - supermarket Une orange – an orange un aliment – a food item Une fraise – a strawberry un déjeuner - lunch Une peche – a peach un goûter - afternoon snack Une banane – a banana un dîner - dinner Une pomme – an apple la nourriture – food (general) Un légume - a vegetable un petit-déjeuner - breakfast Une pomme de terre – a potato un repas – a meal Une carotte – a carrot des petits pois (m) - peas Un oignon – an onion une salade – a salad Un poivron - a pepper le boeuf - beef Une aubergine – an eggplant un escargot - escargot/snail Un ail – garlic les fruits de mer (m) - seafood Un haricot vert – a green bean un pâté de campagne- meat spread Une tomate – a tomato le porc - pork Un champignon – a mushroom un poulet - chicken La laitue – lettuce une saucisse - sausage Un oeuf – an egg un steak - steak Une tarte- a tart le thon - tuna La confiture – jam la viande – meat Le riz – rice des pâtes (f) - pasta Un yaort – yogurt Être au regime – to be on a diet une fourchette – a fork Une boite (de conserve) - a can une nappe - tablecloth La crème - cream une cuillère - a spoon La mayonnaise – mayonnaise un bol – a bowl La moutarde – mustard une carafe d'eau – water pitcher Une tranche – slice l'huile d'olive (f) - olive oil Une entrée - starter, "appetizer" le sel - salt Un plat (principal) - main course le poivre - pepper À table! - Dinner is ready! le menu – the menu (meals) Compris – included Une boucherie – a butcher shop Une boulangerie – a bread shop Une charcuterie – a deli, sells cooked meat Un(e) commerçant(e) - shopkeeper Un kilo(gramme) - kilo(gram) Une pâtisserie - a bakery Une poissonerie – fish shop Une assiette – a plate Une carte – a menu (à la carte) Une serviette – a napkin Un couteau – a knife Verbs: Venir– to come Je viens Nous venons Tu viens Vous venez Il/Elle/On vient Ils/elles viennent Passé composé– uses être Je suis venu(e) Nous sommes venu(e)s Tu es venu(e) Vous êtes venu(e)s Il/Elle/On est venu(e) Ils/elles sont venu(e)s **Venir + infinitive = someone came/is coming to do something Ex. Elle vient nettoyer la cuisine. She is coming to clean the kitchen. Devenir – to become  Conjugated the same as venir  Also uses être in the passé composé Revenir – to come back  Conjugated the same as venir  Also uses être in the passé composé Tenir – to hold  Conjugated the same as venir  Uses avoir in the passé composé Maintenir – to maintain  Conjugated the same as venir  Uses avoir in the passé composé Retenir – to keep/retain  Conjugated the same as venir  Uses avoir in the passé compose Devoir – to have to/must/owe Past participle -dû(avoir) Je dois Nous devons Tu dois Vous devez Il/Elle/On doit Ils/elles doivent *used with an infinitive means to have to or must/supposed to *means "to owe" when followed by a noun *in the passé composé, means what "must have happened" or something someone "had to do" Vouloir– to want Past participle –voulu(avoir) Je veux Nous voulons Tu veux Vous voulez Il/elle/on veut Ils/elles veulent *followed by dire, means "to mean" *Vouloir bien expresses willingness to do something *Means "refused to" when used in the passé composé with an infinitive in a negative sentence Pouvoir- can/to be able to Past participle –pu(avoir) Je peux Nous pouvons Tu peux Vous pouvez Il/elle/on peut Ils/elles peuvent *Means "managed to do something" when used in the passé composé with an infinitive Goûter - to taste **regular –er verb Commander – to order **regular –er verb Concepts: Il y a + time in the past = something happened in the past **This functions as saying "ago" (two hours ago, two years ago, etc.) Ex. Je suis alleé en France il y a cing ans. I went to France 5 years ago. Pendant + duration = something happened for an amount of time and ended **This usually uses a verb in the passé composé, but not always. **"___ did something for ___ amount of time." Ex. J'ai fait mes devoirs pendant deux heures. I did my homework for 2 hours. Depuis + date/starting point/time period = how long one has been doing something **Usually in the present tense **"____ has been doing ____ since _____" **This is STILL HAPPENING Ex. Il parle français depuis 2014. He has spoken french since 2014. Comparatif: How to say "He is ______ than her." Plus/moins/aussi + adjective/adverb + que Ex. Elle est plus grande que Katy. She is taller than Katy. **don’t forget to make your adjective agree with the subject!! Superlatif: How to say "They are the ___________ out of everyone." Noun + le/la/les + plus/moins + adjective + de Ex. Il est le plus rapide du monde. He is the fastest in the world. **again, adjectives should agree! **BAGS adjectives can precede or follow the nouns they modify **if you are using an adverb, you ALWAYS USE LE in the superlative Irregular Comparitive/Superlative adjectives/adverbs Don't use "plus bon," use "meilleur(e)(s)" (better) Don’t use "plus mauvais," use "pire(s)" (worse) Don’t use "plus bien," use "mieux" (better, adv.) **You do not have to change your adjective/adverb for these if you are using aussi or moins **adjectives still need to agree with the subject Double Object Pronouns: M/te/nous/vous before le/la/les before lui/leur before y before en If in a sentence with infinitive construction, pronouns come BEFORE THE INFINITIVE and after the conjugated verb If in a sentence with the passé composé, pronouns come after the subject BEFORE THE AUXILIARY VERB **The past participle must agree with the direct object! In affirmative commands, the verb is always FOLLOWED BY THE DIRECT OBJECT PRONOUN, THEN THE INDIRECT OBJECT PRONOUN, and are separated by hyphens **remember in this form to use moi/toi instead of me/te! Tenses: Passé recent: Venir de + infinitive = something just happened Ex. Je viens d'aller au bibliothèque. I just went to the library. **Used in the present tense **Venir needs to be conjugated


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