New User Special Price Expires in

Let's log you in.

Sign in with Facebook


Don't have a StudySoup account? Create one here!


Create a StudySoup account

Be part of our community, it's free to join!

Sign up with Facebook


Create your account
By creating an account you agree to StudySoup's terms and conditions and privacy policy

Already have a StudySoup account? Login here

U.S. History Exam 1 Study Guide

by: Summer Notetaker

U.S. History Exam 1 Study Guide

Marketplace > Saint Mary's College > > U S History Exam 1 Study Guide
Summer Notetaker


Preview These Notes for FREE

Get a free preview of these Notes, just enter your email below.

Unlock Preview
Unlock Preview

Preview these materials now for free

Why put in your email? Get access to more of this material and other relevant free materials for your school

View Preview

About this Document

Covers from Colonization of North America up to the American Revolutionary War.
US History Up to 1865
Carol Halperin
Study Guide
us, history, APUSH, United, States
50 ?




Popular in US History Up to 1865

Popular in Department

This 5 page Study Guide was uploaded by Summer Notetaker on Monday September 19, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to at Saint Mary's College taught by Carol Halperin in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 7 views.


Reviews for U.S. History Exam 1 Study Guide


Report this Material


What is Karma?


Karma is the currency of StudySoup.

You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!

Date Created: 09/19/16
History Exam 1 Study Guide  Date of test: 9/23/2016    About the exam:   Expect a question from each chapter  If you have been in class every day ­ you have all the info you need  Not concerned with Dates ­ just know the reasons behind and the effects of the past events and  how impacted future events    Format:   ● Multiple choice questions  ● True/False Statements  ● Fill in the blanks  ● Short Answer section  ○ Be able to make a list reasons/implications of two separate events    The Beginning  1. Colonization and Exploration  a. Spanish vs English vs French vs Dutch   i. Two main players were Spanish and English  b. Motivation for exploration   2. The English in Virginia  a. Colony of Roanoke   b. Jamestown  i. Who paid for these colonies?  ii. What motivated settlers?  iii. Why did this colony almost fail?   iv. What does Virginia need?  1. Farmers   2. Labor supply   3. A good to produce/sell  4. A way to deal with indians/native americans  5. System of self government  v. Powhatan Indians   c. Tobacco  d. Indentured Servants  a. Virginia lacked a sense of home and permanence at this  point.Finally started to gain performance and community  when they built: Taverns, churches, and county courts.  e. Need for Land → expansion  f. Social class at the time   3. 1676 Bacon’s Rebellion → Development of Slavery  a. Shift from indentured servants to slaves  b. Racisms begins to develop  4. 1688 Glorious Revolution   a. Monarchy is no longer in full power  b. White landowners gain ability to vote.  c. Based on an unjust and racist system  5. Virginia Agriculture ­ Independent Society  a. Virginians → ideal citizens  b. All farmers/landowners were seen as equal regardless of size of land  c. Slaves strengthened the master's ability to be independent in order to eventually  gain freedom as a country.  i. Eventually became too dangerous to free the population of slaves due to  size  A separate adventure  1. Pilgrims and Puritans.   a. Pilgrims ­ Mayflower Compact.   b. Puritans ­ John Winthrop.   i. “city on a hill”  c. New England. Healthier than Jamestown.  a. Puritans meant for these colonies to  be permanent settlements and were  family based from the beginning.   d. Puritans and Pilgrims  i. Calvinists   1. “Visible saints”  2. Predestination  ii. Contacts with God:   1. Covenant of works (this failed)  a. Able to gain salvation through good deeds  2. Covenant of Grace  a. Salvation is predetermined  iii. Saw marriage as a contract. Not married in the eyes of God.   1. Divorce was possible.  2. Reproduction was key.   e. Punishments = public humiliation   i. Success deterrent  f. Only “visible saints” were able to gain full membership to church  g. No vanity. No luxury items allowed.     Due to the exclusivity of the Puritan Church → People lost interest and motivation  1. New generation not being converted.   2. Church did not seek out converts.   3. No longer a “beacon of light”   4. Closed ranks and perceived outside threats  5. Problem for the church: Prosperity and Luxury Items.   a. Those with simple lives did not want to give up lifestyle in return for the faith.   6. People began to leave the Massachusetts Bay Colony  a. Anne Hutchinson   b. Roger Williams   c. Thomas Hooker   7. Colonies were expanding.   a. No longer close enough to keep track of people   Witch Trials   ● Hysteria   ● People actually practiced witchcraft → Form of rebellion against church   ● Mainly female witched (4:1 female to male)  ● KNOW WHO WAS TARGETED AND WHY  ● KNOW WHO ACCUSED THEM  Salem Witch Trials  ● Oyer and Terminer Courts   ○ Allowed spectral evidence in courts  ■ 1692 disbanded in favor of a rational court  By the end of the 17th century ­ church influence was basically nonexistent    Expansion of Colonies   ● 1630s Thomas Hooker → Hartford and New Hampshire → Eventually Connecticut   ○ Fundamental Orders of Connecticut  ■ Allowed regular men to hold office. Not restricted by religion.  Many colonies were not controlled by the king. They were funded by stock companies.   Colonies had diverse backgrounds and diverse religions.  ● 1640 ­ English Civil War ­ Neglected Colonies  ● Did not pay attention to colonies until 1660 ­ Restoration In England   ○ Due to the success of the colonies ­ Parliament wants to take control again  ■ Restoration Colonies   ■ 1660s ­ Navigation Acts.  ● All goods in colonies are subject to English Tax  ■ 1685 ­ Dominion of England ­ gov of the colonies were combined to  create one district  ■ 1688 ­ Glorious Revolution ­ colonies restored to peace   Original 13 Colonies (in no particular order)  1. New York   2. Massachusetts  3. New Jersey   4. Rhode Island   5. New Hampshire   6. Connecticut   7. Pennsylvania   8. Viginia   9. Maryland   10. Georgia  11. North carolina   12. South carolina   13. Delaware    ● Division between rural and city life   ○ Different appearances   ○ Different lifestyles   ○ Different levels of education  Great Awakening   ● Roots ­ pietism   ○ Philosophy that you can have a personal relationship with God without the need  of church as an intermediate.  ● Enlightenment Science   ○ Includes Newton’s laws  ● Development of Rational beliefs  ● Important thinkers that influenced the revolution:   ○ John Locke   ○ Francis Bacon   ○ Cotton Mather's  ● No Predestination. Salvation is attainable to everyone.     George Whitefield   ● Came to colonies in 1740 ­ evangelist   ○ Preached methodism   ■ Assurance of salvation through salvation  This swept the nation! The colonies were in need of a revival!   They needed hope!     French and Indian War  ● French and English conflict over land   ● 1754 ­ Battle of Fort Necessity (Beginning of War)  ○ French and indians begin to attack english settlements that they considered near  their territory  ● 1756 ­ William Pitt starts to send over British troops to protect Colonists   ○ Start to force enlistment of American colonists  ○ Began to force americans to pay for the occupation of british soldiers  ● 1763 ­ Treaty of Paris   ○ French surrender all land claims in American mainland   ● What were the results of the war?    The Radicalism of The American Revolutionary War  ● Idea that all men are created equal was very radical   ● BEFORE FRENCH AND INDIAN WAR: Ordinary people were looked down upon and  gentlemen were praised.   ● What were the differences between common men and gentlemen?  ● NOW: All men are seen to be equal. They value personal ability and work ethic over  hereditary status.  ● Voting right: all white male property owners (earliest known voters)  ○ Essence of Democracy  What make all of this possible?  ● The great awakening   ● Lack of loyalty to england   ● Rise of middle class   ● French and Indian War    ● transition : subject → citizen   ● Colonists were very protective of liberty and their lifestyles    Heading into the American Revolution  Why was American colonists in the mindset to have a revolution?  Why was George Washington an ideal public servant?    Setting the Stage  ● Revolution was inevitable.   ○ Why?  ● What were the advantages/disadvantages of the British and Americans?    Revolutionary War   ● Lose Battle of Brooklyn   ● Major Victory ­ Battle of Saratoga   ○ Americans have the dense wilderness to their advantage.   ● America gains the support of the French.   ○ This is the Turning point of the war! 


Buy Material

Are you sure you want to buy this material for

50 Karma

Buy Material

BOOM! Enjoy Your Free Notes!

We've added these Notes to your profile, click here to view them now.


You're already Subscribed!

Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'

Why people love StudySoup

Bentley McCaw University of Florida

"I was shooting for a perfect 4.0 GPA this semester. Having StudySoup as a study aid was critical to helping me achieve my goal...and I nailed it!"

Allison Fischer University of Alabama

"I signed up to be an Elite Notetaker with 2 of my sorority sisters this semester. We just posted our notes weekly and were each making over $600 per month. I LOVE StudySoup!"

Jim McGreen Ohio University

"Knowing I can count on the Elite Notetaker in my class allows me to focus on what the professor is saying instead of just scribbling notes the whole time and falling behind."


"Their 'Elite Notetakers' are making over $1,200/month in sales by creating high quality content that helps their classmates in a time of need."

Become an Elite Notetaker and start selling your notes online!

Refund Policy


All subscriptions to StudySoup are paid in full at the time of subscribing. To change your credit card information or to cancel your subscription, go to "Edit Settings". All credit card information will be available there. If you should decide to cancel your subscription, it will continue to be valid until the next payment period, as all payments for the current period were made in advance. For special circumstances, please email


StudySoup has more than 1 million course-specific study resources to help students study smarter. If you’re having trouble finding what you’re looking for, our customer support team can help you find what you need! Feel free to contact them here:

Recurring Subscriptions: If you have canceled your recurring subscription on the day of renewal and have not downloaded any documents, you may request a refund by submitting an email to

Satisfaction Guarantee: If you’re not satisfied with your subscription, you can contact us for further help. Contact must be made within 3 business days of your subscription purchase and your refund request will be subject for review.

Please Note: Refunds can never be provided more than 30 days after the initial purchase date regardless of your activity on the site.