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Test 1 Study Guide

by: Elizabeth Fortanely

Test 1 Study Guide 1311

Elizabeth Fortanely
GPA 4.0

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About this Document

Everything up through the lecture on 9/19/16
Dr. Abel
Study Guide
history, us
50 ?




Popular in U.S HISTORY TO 1865

Popular in History

This 13 page Study Guide was uploaded by Elizabeth Fortanely on Monday September 19, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to 1311 at University of Texas at Arlington taught by Dr. Abel in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 144 views. For similar materials see U.S HISTORY TO 1865 in History at University of Texas at Arlington.


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Date Created: 09/19/16
Test 1 Study Guide Highlight=Key Term Red text=Essay topic America before Europeans Concepts Context Impact The Bering Strait Land bridge between East Origin of “Indians” Asia & Alaska Tribal Societies Early America Groups  Families  Religion  Clans  Language  Tribe Conflict  Kill  Enslave Larger Groupings Mexico, Peru Maya: advanced  Olmec knowledge  Maya  Astronomy  Math  Inca  Aztec Alienated outskirt Mexicans due to sacrifices Vinland, L’Anse aux Vikings overtook: No impact on Native Meadows Americans  England  Abandoned due to  France warfare o Normandy  North America o Ireland o Iceland o Greenland After Christianity’s spread, raiding ceased, sans Leif Ericson.  Canada Union of the Crowns of Islam  Colonization Castile and Aragon o Desire to (Ferdinand and Isabelle) spread Christianity Christopher Columbus  Claimed Grecian Hispaniola port colony  Caribbean results for Earth’s circumference false  Plans to sail to India Hernan Cortés &  Only 150 Spanish Gold Francisco Pizarro fighters  Battle of  Tactics: Cajamarca o Alienated Mexicans recruited o Better warfare technology Columbian Exchange Exchange of culture,  Indians conquer  Europe products, disease due to weaker tribes for o Tomatoes colonization European pay o Potatoes  Nomadic culture o Corn  50% of Indians o Syphilis died due to disease  America o Religion o Politics o Guns o Wheat o Horses o Smallpox o Malaria o Yellow Fever  Africa o Cacoa o Cassava o Manioc The Race for America Concepts Context Impact  God Motives for colonization Spread of ideologies,  Glory Inca and Aztec riches o Monarchy  Gold Mercantilism Motive for colonization  Increased state wealth o Taxable markets o Trade o Resource s Prince Henry “The Navigator” Ottoman Empire blocks Inspired westward  Sailed around South Portuguese-Asia trade by sailing Africa land Brutal Spanish  Caribbean  Religion sets  Conversion Charles V expectation for o Catholicism  Holy Roman unquestioned  Enslavement Emperor, Archduke centralized  Redesign of Austria power o Labor for  Owned ½ of  “The Empire on Protection Europe which the Sun  Encomien never sets” das o Taxed trade  Navy Benign French  New France (Canada) Unbalanced  Indian alliances o Jacques Cartier distribution of  St. resources to Lawrence Caribbean River  Interrupt ed by Civil War o Samuel de Champlain  “Father of New France”  Louisiana  Caribbean Decentralized Dutch  New Netherlands Later captured by  New Sweden English  New York  New Jersey Tardy British  Sailed to find Indian spices  Hudson River o Henry Hudson Early Settlements Concepts Context Impact Roanake Colony  English  Failed  Sir Walter Raleigh  North Carolina  Became Croatoan Indians o Seeds of English language Jamestown  English  First permanent  The Virginia  Virginia colony Company o Poor fertility o Joint-stock  Powhatan  Funded o Physical by competition mercha for food nts o “Starving Time”  2000  60 John Smith o Lazy Jamestown’s success  “Code of conduct” merchant  Pocahontas saves sons from execution  Powhatan John Rolfe  Poor tobacco Jamestown self- sustaining  Crossbred South American/Virginian  Cash crop tobacco  Curing Headright system Incorporated into  Farmland exchanged American law for agricultural productivity House of Burgesses Representative government Plymouth Colony  Massachusetts Representative  Mayflower government  Pilgrims o Mayflower o Hard  Puritan doctrine Compact workers  William Bradford o Rejected o Governor Indian cooperation Previous English Plymouth’s success speakers taught Indians Massachusetts Bay Colony  Boston Major trading port  John Winthrop  Puritans  “De civiitate dei”: o Hard “The City on a Hill” workers British Ideology Concepts Context Impact Church of England England Nobility determines rank  Anglican o Combination Calvinism/Catholicism  Henry VIII o King of England o Daughters  Mary  Kills Protesta nts  Elizabeth  Kills Catholics Protest Reformation Lutheranism/Calvinis  Rational m thought  Representative democracy Lutheranism Rebuttal to Church of Little impact England o Text: o 1/3 anti-Semitic o Pamphlets o Ideas: o “Sola fide, scriptura”: “Only faith, scriptures” o Individualism  Status determines rank  Interpreting Bible  Redunda nt Martin Luther o Criminal Gained religious o Sheltered by following Frederick III, Elector of Saxony Calvinism Geneva origins o John Calvin o Text: o “The Institutes of the Christian Religion” o Ideas: o Individualism  Interpreting Bible  Monarchs and political officials are sinful o Predestination and the Covenant of Grace  Predetermined faith  “Proper Christian life”  Strict morality  Hard work Puritans o Non-separatists o Pilgrims Quakers Methodists Catholics Tools of Biblical teachings Turned secular after o Ivy Leagues Enlightenment Colonial Conflicts Concepts Context Impact  War of Devolution  England world Influential in colonies  Dutch War power o King Phillip’s  Enemy shifts War o Netherlands  War of the League of o France o Spain Augsbury o King William’s War  War of Spanish Succession o Queen Anne’s War o Attempt to prevent Louis XIV (France) from taking Spanish throne Glorious Revolution  Spanish enemy  Establishes that English Parliament  James II (England)  William III of has authority over Orange (Dutch) Monarchy o Overthrows  Spain o Marries Mary o Loses (Daughter of  Italy Charles II,  Austri England) a o Louis XIV grandson becomes heir  French becomes enemy o Closer to colonists War of Austrian  French water route  English gains Succession French Canada  King George’s War  Only English loss  Siege of Louisburg after war o Colonist participation Waging War   Pragmatic o Massachusetts foundations for Militia government o Self- o Raising armies via governance taxes o Military  Men operations o Finance  Shooti ng  Ration s  Shoes  Armor o European style sieges o Nationalistic pride Seven Years War Concepts Context Impact Battle of Jumonville Glen  British win  Colonel George  Jumonville Washington (diplomat/comman o Virginian militia der) dies leader Battle of the Monogahela  French (10k)  Asymmetrical  Battle of Lake George o French warfare o Canadian  French win colonists o Washington o Wabanaki surrenders confederacy o Algonquin o Mohawk o Ojibwa o Shawnee  British (40k) o British o American colonists o Iroquois confederacy  Upstate NY  Supports weaker power Deportation of the  Canada  World’s first Acadians  Louisiana genocide Albany Congress  Necessary due to war  Colonial postal  Permanent system congress for federal decisions  Benjamin Franklin o Albany Plan of Union  Reject ed by British National War  International conflict  “Annus Mirabilisa”:  Frederick II the  American involvement “Year of Miracles” o Decisive year of Great in Quebec  William Pitt American win  Battle of the Plains  Experience in military of Abraham operations  Prussia survives, o Montcalm James Wolfe becomes Germany died  The Miracles of the House of Brandenburg o Russia switches sides o France/Austri a end war Treaty of Paris 1763  After Seven Years War  Angered colonists Britain o Taxes  Proclamation Line of o No expansion 1763  Warfare experience o Indian Reserve  French influence of 1763 removed  Iroquois confedera cy France  New France to Britain Spain  Florida to Britain Half of Louisiana Ideological Origins of the Revolution Concepts Context Impact Absolute Monarchy France, under Louis XIV  “Le roi soleil”: “I am the State”  Feudal system Constitutional Monarchy- English under French- Overhaul of absolute development of style monarchy monarchy via Magna Carta Parliament  Constitutional  John lost the monarchy Baron’s War Great Councils  Henry III  Checks and Balances  Edward I Model Parliament  Burghers o Businessmen with political influence Branches of government  Crown o Elected Legislature o Executive  Appoint ed Legislat ure  Judiciary Rights of Englishmen  Freedom o From repression o Action/Religion o Profit  Government participation o Indirect ideological representation English Enlightenment  Social Contract & thinkers Natural Law John Locke (founder) o Rationality o over nature of relationships, politics o Rulers bound by reason o Can be overthrown French Enlightenment thinkers Voltaire o Religious freedom o Writer o Justifies cruel control o Liberté: civil rights Montesquieu o Freedom from tyranny o Checks and balances o Middle institution o Verbatim for American Constitution o “De l'esprit des lois”: “The Spirit of the Laws” Jean-Jacques Rousseau o The Republic Colonial Grievances o “Taxation without representation” o Liberté o Impressment o Salutary neglect o Expectation of autonomy o Pragmatism Breakdown of Relations with Britain Concepts Context Impact Sons of Liberty Terrorist group  Became majority  Samuel Adams view after  John Adams Intolerable Acts  Benedict Arnold  Misguided  John Hancock o Higher tax  Patrick Henry in Britain than America Navigation Acts  Cargo tax Woolens Act Molasses Act Stamp Act  Established  Stamp Act Congress network of  George III communication o Sane during  “No taxation appeal without o Repealed Representation” Declaratory Act  Britain has right to tax Townshend Acts Thomas Gage  Pays colonial  Massachusetts governors governor, head of Boston Massacre British soldiers in  Protest area  Sons of Liberty turn into riot  5 accidental killings Tea Act Promotes British East-  Boston Tea Party India tea Coercive/Intolerable Acts America turns  Boston port closed revolutionary until compensation  Massachusetts military governor  Quartering Patriot response Ideas of Enlightenment  “Shot heard ‘round  The First spread the World” Continental  Plain English Congress convinces colonists o No repeal  Lexington and Concord o Massachusett s revolt o Siege of Boston  Second Continental Congress o Thomas Paine  Comm on Sense o Continental Army Declaration of  United States of Independence America  Thomas Jefferson  Thirteen “United  “all men are Colonies” are “Free created equal and and Independent independent” States” because  Government King George III requires “consent” attempted to  People can impose and “abolish” “absolute tyranny governments that over these states” deny “unalienable rights” to “life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness”


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