PSY 353 Study Guide Midterm 1
PSY 353 Study Guide Midterm 1 PSY 353
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This 5 page Study Guide was uploaded by Sydney McCourt on Tuesday September 20, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to PSY 353 at Cleveland State University taught by Bruner,David C in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 9 views. For similar materials see Health Pyschology in Pyscology at Cleveland State University.
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Date Created: 09/20/16
Midterm #1 PSY 353 Health Psychology Study Guide Stressed Inclass Assigned Reading Chapter 1 : What is Health Psychology? Define Health Psychology ● What is ealth? ● What do Health Psychologists do? ○ Maintenance, health promotion, prevention & intervention ○ Etiology History of the Mindbody relationship: ● Greeks recognize bodily factors in disease ( humoral theory = blood, black bile, yellow bile, phlegm) ● Middle ages religious therapy (church guards medical knowledge) ● Renaissance (1600) body facts resisted acknowledging mind = biomedical model ● Rise of health psychology (1980s) = changing patterns of illness ○ Acute disorders to chronic illness ○ Advances in technology Concept of Health: ● Biomedical model ○ Strengths / Weaknesses ● Psychosomatic model (Freud) ● Biopsychosocial perspective ○ Advantages (complete view of health) ○ Conversion hysteria ○ Clinical implications Define Wellness ● Lifestyle goals ○ What affects Lifestyle: ■ Culture ■ Social response to stress ■ Poverty ■ Psychological illness ■ Technology Lifestyle and Health: ● Age of life expectancy increased ( 78 years old) ● “Wear and tear” theory ● Blue zones ○ Natural physical activity ○ Sense of purpose ○ Routines that decrease stress ○ Limitation to meat intake ○ Do NOT stuff themselves ○ Use of moderate alcohol (Wine) ○ Social group promotes health ○ Spiritual community ○ Having someone to live for Understand Theory & Experimentation: ● What is theory? ● Define experiment ○ Randomized clinical trials ○ Evidence based medicine ○ Correlational studies ● Prospective & Retrospective Designs ○ Prospective research ○ Retrospective research ○ Longitudinal research Epidemiology in Health Psychology ● Define epidemiology ○ Morbidity ○ Mortality Methodological Tools (tool’s of neuroscience) ● FMRI ● Mobile & wireless technologies ● Metaanalysis Chapter 2: Systems of the Body Nervous System ● Central nervous system ○ Brain and spinal cord ● Peripheral nervous system ○ Somatic nervous system (voluntary) ○ Autonomic nervous system (Involuntary) ■ Sympathetic ■ Parasympathetic ● Neurons ○ Cell Body ○ Dendrites ○ Axon ○ Synaptic knobs ○ Synapse ○ Electrochemical activity ○ Neurotransmitter catecholamines The Brain ● Hindbrain and Midbrain ○ Medulla ○ Pons ○ Cerebellum ○ Midbrain ● Forebrain ○ Thalamus ○ Hypothalamus ○ Cerebral cortex ■ 4 lobes:1.) frontal lobe 2.) parietal lobe 3.) temporal lobe 4.) occipital lobe ● Limbic System Disorders of the Nervous System: ● Epilepsy ● Cerebral palsy ● Parkinson’s disease ● Multiple sclerosis ● Huntington’s disease ● Polio ● paraplegia / quadriplegia ● Dementia Endocrine System ● Pituitary gland ● Adrenal glands ● Disorders: ○ Diabetes Cardiovascular System ● Heart ● Disorders: ○ Atherosclerosis ○ Myocardial infarction ○ Ischemia ○ Congestive heart failure ○ Arrhythmia ○ Rheumatic fever ● Blood pressure ○ Plasma ○ White & red blood cells ; platelets Nutrition Diet and Wellness Understanding basic nutrition ● Good nutrition= foundation of health ○ Four basic nutrients: Water, carbohydrates, proteins and fats (Additions: vitamins, minerals, micronutrients ) The Four Basic Nutrients ● Water: (human body = ⅔ water) essential nutrient involved in every bodily function ● Carbohydrates: energy source found in primarily plant based foods ( fruits, veggies, peas, and beans ; milk / milk products) ○ Divided into two groups: Simple carbohydrates and complex carbohydrates ■ Simple carbs ■ Complex carbs ○ fiber= important for health = softens stools (retains water); reduces colon cancer ; lowers cholesterol (binds w/ to eliminate from body) = reduces chance of heart disease ■ 25 grams a day ● Protein: essential for growth and development = body energy (produce hormones, antibodies, enzymes, and tissue) ; maintains acidalkali balance ○ Complete proteins ○ Incomplete proteins ○ Mutual supplementation diet ■ Ie: brown rice, beans together ○ 50 grams daily protein ○ Health tip: eat variety of mixed veggies, nuts and seeds along with yogurt (only animal based complete protein) ● Fats: crucial in infancy for brain development (age 2= begin small amounts of fat) & body needs fats; most concentrated source of energy ○ Fatty acids = fats building blocks w/ three major categories: ■ Saturated fatty acids ● Below 10% of daily intake ■ Polyunsaturated fatty acids ● 10% daily intake ■ Monounsaturated fatty acids ○ Transfatty acids polyunsaturated oils are altered with hydrogenation ■ Raises LDL cholesterol levels ○ Average daily fat intake 2025% ● Micronutrients: Vitamins and Minerals ● Synergy and Definciney ● Avoid Foods that Contain Additives and Artificial Ingredients ● Guidelines for Selecting and Preparing food ● Increase Consumption of Raw Produce ● Avoid Over Cooking Your Foods ● Use Proper cooking utensils ● Limit Salt intake
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