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PSY 353 Study Guide Midterm 1

by: Sydney McCourt

PSY 353 Study Guide Midterm 1 PSY 353

Marketplace > Cleveland State University > Pyscology > PSY 353 > PSY 353 Study Guide Midterm 1
Sydney McCourt
GPA 4.0

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About this Document

Covers in-class material along with assigned reading and text book notes
Health Pyschology
Bruner,David C
Study Guide
health, Psychology
50 ?




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This 5 page Study Guide was uploaded by Sydney McCourt on Tuesday September 20, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to PSY 353 at Cleveland State University taught by Bruner,David C in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 9 views. For similar materials see Health Pyschology in Pyscology at Cleveland State University.


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Date Created: 09/20/16
Midterm #1 PSY 353  Health Psychology Study Guide    Stressed In­class  Assigned Reading    Chapter 1 : What is Health Psychology?     Define Health Psychology  ● What is ​ ealth​?  ● What do Health Psychologists do?  ○ Maintenance, health promotion, prevention & intervention  ○ Etiology     History of the Mind­body relationship:   ● Greeks  recognize bodily factors in disease ( humoral theory = blood, black bile, yellow  bile, phlegm)     ● Middle ages religious therapy (church guards medical knowledge)    ● Renaissance (1600) body facts­ resisted acknowledging mind = biomedical model    ● Rise of health psychology (1980s) = changing patterns of illness   ○ Acute disorders to chronic illness   ○ Advances in technology    Concept of Health:  ● Biomedical model  ○ Strengths / Weaknesses     ● Psychosomatic model (Freud)    ● Biopsychosocial perspective   ○ Advantages (complete view of health)  ○ Conversion hysteria   ○ Clinical implications     Define Wellness  ● Lifestyle goals  ○ What affects Lifestyle:   ■ Culture  ■ Social response to stress  ■ Poverty   ■ Psychological illness  ■ Technology     Lifestyle and Health:  ● Age of life expectancy increased ( 78 years old)   ● “Wear and tear” theory  ● Blue zones   ○ Natural physical activity   ○ Sense of purpose   ○ Routines that decrease stress  ○ Limitation to meat intake   ○ Do NOT stuff themselves   ○ Use of moderate alcohol (Wine)   ○ Social group promotes health  ○ Spiritual community   ○ Having someone to live for     Understand Theory & Experimentation:  ● What is theory?  ● Define experiment  ○ Randomized clinical trials  ○ Evidence based medicine  ○ Correlational studies  ● Prospective & Retrospective Designs   ○ Prospective research  ○ Retrospective research  ○ Longitudinal research    Epidemiology in Health Psychology  ● Define epidemiology   ○ Morbidity  ○ Mortality     Methodological Tools (tool’s of neuroscience)  ● FMRI  ● Mobile & wireless technologies   ● Meta­analysis     Chapter 2: Systems of the Body    Nervous System  ● Central nervous system  ○ Brain and spinal cord  ● Peripheral nervous system   ○ Somatic nervous system (voluntary)  ○ Autonomic nervous system (Involuntary)  ■ Sympathetic  ■ Parasympathetic   ● Neurons  ○ Cell Body  ○ Dendrites  ○ Axon  ○ Synaptic knobs  ○ Synapse   ○ Electrochemical activity  ○ Neurotransmitter­ catecholamines   The Brain  ● Hindbrain and Midbrain  ○ Medulla   ○ Pons  ○ Cerebellum  ○ Midbrain  ● Forebrain  ○ Thalamus   ○ Hypothalamus  ○ Cerebral cortex  ■ 4 lobes:1.)  frontal lobe   2.)  parietal lobe   3.)  temporal lobe   4.)  occipital lobe    ● Limbic System     Disorders of the Nervous System:  ● Epilepsy  ● Cerebral palsy   ● Parkinson’s disease  ● Multiple sclerosis   ● Huntington’s disease  ● Polio  ● paraplegia / quadriplegia   ● Dementia     Endocrine System   ● Pituitary gland  ● Adrenal glands   ● Disorders:   ○ Diabetes     Cardiovascular System  ● Heart  ● Disorders:  ○ Atherosclerosis   ○ Myocardial infarction  ○ Ischemia  ○ Congestive heart failure  ○ Arrhythmia   ○ Rheumatic fever  ● Blood pressure  ○ Plasma  ○ White & red blood cells ; platelets     Nutrition Diet and Wellness    Understanding basic nutrition   ● Good nutrition= foundation of health  ○ Four basic nutrients: Water, carbohydrates, proteins and fats  (Additions: vitamins, minerals, micronutrients )    The Four Basic Nutrients    ● Water​: (human body = ⅔ water) essential nutrient involved in every bodily function     ● Carbohydrates​: energy source ­ found in primarily plant based foods ( fruits, veggies,  peas, and beans ; milk / milk products)  ○ Divided into two groups: Simple carbohydrates and complex carbohydrates   ■ Simple carbs  ■ Complex carbs    ○ fiber​= important for health = softens stools (retains water); reduces colon cancer ;  lowers cholesterol (binds w/ to eliminate from body) = reduces chance of heart  disease  ■ 25 grams a day  ● Protein​: essential for growth and development = body energy (produce hormones,  antibodies, enzymes, and tissue) ; maintains acid­alkali balance   ○ Complete proteins  ○ Incomplete proteins  ○ Mutual supplementation diet  ■ Ie: brown rice, beans together   ○ 50 grams daily protein  ○ Health tip:​ eat variety of mixed veggies, nuts and seeds along with yogurt (only  animal based complete protein)   ● Fats​: crucial in infancy for brain development (age 2= begin small amounts of fat) & body  needs fats; most concentrated source of energy  ○ Fatty acids ​= fats building blocks w/ three major categories:  ■ Saturated fatty acids  ● Below 10% of daily intake  ■ Polyunsaturated fatty acids  ● 10% daily intake   ■ Monounsaturated fatty acids  ○ Trans­fatty acids​  polyunsaturated oils are altered with hydrogenation   ■ Raises LDL cholesterol levels   ○ Average daily fat intake 20­25%     ● Micronutrients: Vitamins and Minerals    ● Synergy and Definciney    ● Avoid Foods that Contain Additives and Artificial Ingredients     ● Guidelines for Selecting and Preparing food    ● Increase Consumption of Raw Produce     ● Avoid Over Cooking Your Foods     ● Use Proper cooking utensils    ● Limit Salt intake         


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