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Exam 1 Study Gude

by: Amy Turk

Exam 1 Study Gude Psyc - 40445

Amy Turk

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About this Document

Guide for first exam
Cognitive Psychology
Eric Rindal
Study Guide
50 ?




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This 3 page Study Guide was uploaded by Amy Turk on Tuesday September 20, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to Psyc - 40445 at Kent State University taught by Eric Rindal in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 10 views. For similar materials see Cognitive Psychology in Psychology at Kent State University.

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Date Created: 09/20/16
Exam 1 Study Guide    Anything covered regarding these key points may appear on the exam. Pay particular attention to  key terms that are bolded in the PowerPoints (although just because it isn’t bold doesn’t mean it  won’t be on the exam). Consult the in class practice problems and the quizzes for an idea of the  types of questions to expect on the exam.    Chapter 1 (~28%)  Cognitive Psychology & Cognitive Sciences  Structuralism – what is it, what tool(s) does it use?  3 components of conscious experience  Functionalism – what is it?  Behaviorism  3 pieces in learning  3 tenants  Problems with behaviorism – be able to describe each of the 3 experiments  Learning without responding  Learning without reinforcement  Cognitive maps  Ebbinghaus – how did he study it memory? What 3 things did he find?  Bartlett – how did he study memory?  Schema – what is it? How does it affect memory?  3 hallmarks of science  Observation  Measurement  replicability  Single and Double dissociations – what are they, what can they tell us?  Broca’s Area  Wernicke’s Area  Imaging techniques – location vs time  EEG  fMRI  PET  Validity  Internal  External  Reliability    Chapter 2 (~35%)  Sensation vs perception – how do they differ?  Direct view vs. Constructive view – what does each say, give example of each  Bottom­up vs top­down processing  perceptual organization – what are each? Be able to identify each  Gestalt law of…  similarity  Proximity  Good continuation  Closure  Good figure (pragnanz)  Figure­ground  Common fate  Other principles  Global precedence – how was this demonstrated?  Depth perception  Binocular  Retinal disparity  Monocular  Interposition (occlusion)  Relative size  Texture gradient  Linear perspective  Motion parallax  Multi­sense interactions ­ which senses does each involve?  Synesthesia  McGurk effect  Ventriloquist effect  White/red wine experiment  Dummy hands experiment  Consciousness  4 types of consciousness  Monitoring  Self  Access  Phenomenal  Blindsight  Subliminal perception  Priming  Subjective definition vs  Objective definition  Effect on behavior – tape study    Chapter 3 (~37%)  3 characteristics of attention  Pre­attentive vs post­attentive – what is the difference, be prepared to give example of each  Subitizing vs counting  Goal­driven attention ­ how does it differ from stimulus­driven?  Space­based  Object­based  Stimulus­driven attention – how does it differ from goal­driven?  Visual search task  Feature search  Conjunction search  Effect of # of distractors  Feature integration theory – which stage is goal­driven/stimulus driven/pre/post attentive?  Search asymmetry  Baggage screening  Effect of prevalence  Change blindness  Coherence  Attentional set  Dichotic listening   3 theories of attention filtering – what does each say about semantic (meaning) processing?  Early selection  Problems for early selection  Late selection ­ how does it differ from attenuation?  Attenuation  ­ how does it differ from late selection  Automaticity  Stroop task  Characteristics of automatic processing  Quantitative account vs  Qualitative account  Action slips  Divided attention – effect on reaction time/accuracy?  Distracted driving 


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