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This 2 page Study Guide was uploaded by Mohammed Salman Bu Abdal on Tuesday September 20, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to SOCL 100 009 at Western Kentucky University taught by James W. Kanan in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 4 views. For similar materials see INTRODUCTORY SOCIOLOGY in Sociology at Western Kentucky University.
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Date Created: 09/20/16
Sociology 100 Fall 2016 Exam 1 Study Guide 1. The Sociological Perspective • Know what is the sociological imagination • What is the “hallmark” of the sociological imagination? • Be familiar with how war, unemployment, and obesity are both personal problems and social issues 2. Theoretical Paradigms • Know difference between facts, theories, and paradigms 1. The Functionalist Paradigm • How is social order maintained? • What is key to understanding society? • What is the key question in functionalism? • People to know—what they tried to do and major contributions to social theory: a. August Comte • What is positivism? b. Herbert Spencer • Who influenced him and how does social change occur? c. Emile Durkheim • What are social facts and what is key to social order? What is anomie and how is it linked to suicide? What parts of the country have the highest RATES of suicide? 2. Conflict Theory • What best characterizes society and how is social order established and maintained? • What is the key question? People to know—what did they try to do and what were major contributions to social theory? • Karl Marx o Know about economic determinism, importance of social class, and class consciousness and conflict • Max Weber o What led to the rise of the rational society? 3. Symbolic Interactionism • Know how society if viewed and the importance of the concept of the social construction of reality. • What is the W.I. Thomas Theorem? 3. SOCIAL RESEARCH • Know the three basic stages of research • What makes a question feasible? • What is an “hypothesis?” • What should evidence in research be like? • Why is it important to interpret data in terms of probabilities? • Know the basic information about the kinds of research that fit within the two categories of research (quantitative and qualitative). • Quantitative: surveys, experiments, and secondary data analysis • Qualitative: interviews, participant observation, and unobtrusive observation 4. Culture, Socialization • Terms: society and culture • Material and non-material culture • Norms—types of norms: folkways, mores, taboos • Values and dominant values • Language and the Sapir-Whorf hypothesis • Ethnocentrism and cultural relativity • Subcultures and countercultures • Know about agents of socialization • Socialization and the self and what is the self? • Cooley’s Looking-glass self—what is it and how does it work? • Meade’s stages of development of the self: imitation, play, and game 5. Social Structure and Social Interaction • Know these two terms: Social Structure and Social Interaction • Status, status symbols, conspicuous consumption, and status inconsistency o Ascribed status and achieved status o Master status • Roles, role performance • Ervin Goffman’s –Dramaturgy: impression management, face, and tact
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