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Psychology 222, Psychology of Personality, study guide 1

by: Lindsay Kennedy

Psychology 222, Psychology of Personality, study guide 1 Psyc 222 (Psychology of Personality)

Marketplace > College of Charleston > Psychology > Psyc 222 (Psychology of Personality) > Psychology 222 Psychology of Personality study guide 1
Lindsay Kennedy
C of C

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About this Document

These notes cover Freud, Jung, and Adler. This is what is going to be on our next exam
Psychology of Personality
Dr. Hittner
Study Guide
Psychology, Sigmund Freud, Carl Jung, Alfred Adler, personalitypsychology
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This 4 page Study Guide was uploaded by Lindsay Kennedy on Tuesday September 20, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to Psyc 222 (Psychology of Personality) at College of Charleston taught by Dr. Hittner in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 23 views. For similar materials see Psychology of Personality in Psychology at College of Charleston.

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Date Created: 09/20/16
Psychology 222—Psychology of Personality  Study Guide Sigmund Freud  Psychodynamic Personality Theory  Psychoanalysis—Psychotherapy  o Human beings are dynamic o Libido: life energy, sexual energy  Freud’s Theory of the Mind o Mental iceberg o First theory:   Conscious: thoughts, perceptions  Preconscious: memories, stored knowledge  Unconscious: fears, motives, sexual desires o Second theory:  Ego: abides by society rules and norms  Superego: moral values  Id: seek pleasure, avoid pain Sigmund and Anna Freud  3 Types of Anxiety o Reality (objective) anxiety: threat or danger in real world o Neurotic anxiety: worried Id will escape from ego o Moral anxiety: violating or contemplating violating moral code  Defense Mechanisms o Repression: shove anxious situation into unconscious o Suppression: active decision to put anxious moment out of your mind o Denial: convincing oneself an anxious event didn’t happen o Projection: accusing others of having undesirable qualities o Rationalization: excuse for why someone did what they did  o Intellectualization: put energy into an intellectual distraction o Reaction formation: doing the exact opposite of what you feel o Regression: reverting back to previous defense mechanisms o Displacement: taking out anxiety on an easier target o Sublimation: taking out anxiety though societally acceptable activities  Theory of Psychosexual Development o Stage theory: invariant sequence, pass through all stages, specified age range  Oral stage (B­2): mouth is first area of excitation  Anal stage (2­3): potty training  Phallic stage (3­7) focus on genitals  Latency stage (7­puberty): inactive stage  Genital stage (puberty­adulthood): puberty reawakens sexual urges and  Oedipal feelings  Personality Types  o Fixation: overinvestment of libido during a psychosexual stage  Oral personality type: fixated at oral stage  Narcissistic  Anal personality type: issues of control in relationships o Ways to work through fixations:  Transference reaction: when, during the course of therapy, the patient  begins to treat the therapist as someone from their past  Counter transference: when the therapist treats the patient like someone  that reminds them of their past  Free association: want the patient to be relaxed; tell me the first thing that  comes to mind  Dream analysis: look for unconscious memories or feelings in dreams  Manifest Content: the actual dream you have  Latent Content: what is the dream saying? Represent? Mean  unconsciously?  Patient: not the best term… Use client  Seduction Theory o Psychological orders in adults was caused by actual incidents of sexual abuse in  childhood Carl Jung  Disagreements with Freud o Overemphasis on early psychosexual development o Experiences throughout lifespan are very important o Growth and creativity  o Causality and teleology  Structure of Personality o Psyche: total personality o Ego: the conscious mind o Unconscious: 2 types  Personal unconscious: material that is accessible to consciousness  Complexes: major structures; organized group of feelings,  thoughts, perceptions, and memories towards people and situations that are important  Collective unconscious (transpersonal):   Latent memory traces: facial emotional expression, language,  symbols  Archetypes o Mother archetype: our built­in ability to recognize a certain relationship o Persona archetype: pushing us to seek out roles in society o Anima: the feminine side of a man o Animus: the masculine side of a woman o Shadow archetype: more animalistic  Similar to Freud’s Id o Hero archetype: motivated to seek out hero’s o Wise Old Man archetype: look for wise older individuals because they can give us advice or put us on the right track o The Self archetype: sitting in the center of personality; trying to bring about  balance between opposite sides of ourselves  Mandalas: figures or objects that are symmetrical, balanced symbols  Archetypes cannot be destroyed  Jungian Personality o 2 orientations of personality  Extraversion: outgoing, talkative and social  Introversion: quiet, does not enjoy social stimulation o 4 psychological functions  Thinking: way of gathering information about the world  Feeling: gauge situation  Sensing: sensation and perception  Intuition: a feeling that something is not right o Principle of compensation: you use all 4 functions in balance with one another o Myers Briggs Type Indicator: all the inspiration from this test came from Jung’s  ideas of extroversion, introversion, and the 4 functions o Word Association Test: a extension of Freud’s Free Association Test  Jungian Psychotherapy o Active imagination: facilitate self­understanding through work with symbols o Conscious imagery and role playing o Amplification: focus repeatedly on dream content  Alfred Adler  Disagreements with Freud o Too much emphasis on early psychosexual development o What happens during the whole lifespan is important o Social urges/social interests o Creative self o Uniqueness of personality o Ordinarily aware of our motives  Ego­oriented  Teleological: strivings and goals affect behavior   Our goals are fictional finalisms o Ultimate fictional finalisms  Strive to be aggressive  Strive to be powerful  Strive for superiority o Masculine protest: an effort to reassert your dominance and get back in control  Feelings of inferiority o We recognize these feelings early on o We try to overcome our feelings of inferiority by working with others towards  goals larger than ourselves o Children who are neglected, rejected, and pampered have heightened risks for  developing inferiority complexes o Education and child rearing o Psychologically healthy people have social goals  3 entrance gates to mental life o Early memories o Dreams o Birth order  Birth order o Oldest child: verbally intelligent, achievement oriented, concerned with power,  conforming and norm­abiding in adulthood o Middle child: competitive, achievement oriented, mediator o Youngest child: socially skilled, rebellious


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