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This 12 page Study Guide was uploaded by Aalyha Giles on Tuesday September 20, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to biol 3620 at East Carolina University taught by Dr. Knox in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 25 views. For similar materials see courtship and marriage in Sociology at East Carolina University.
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Date Created: 09/20/16
th Questions First Text Test Choices in Relationships 12 ed Chapters 15 Chapter 1 Choices in Relationships: An Introduction 1. What is the meaning of "not to decide is to decide"? Give three examples. Not making a decision is making one by default. deciding to use a condom or not, to end a abusive relationship, to have childern (Not using a condom, Not leaving an abusive relationship, Not calling the police when someone is in trouble) 2. What was the top value identified by over 300,000 undergraduates in 300 colleges/universities? Raising a Family. allowing personal love to dictate stability 3. What is the central theme of the Choices in Relationships text? Choices in relationships 4. Give an example of a revocable and an irrevocable decision. Revocable changed (being faithful) Irrevocable unchangeable (having a baby) 5. What is the most frequent risk taking behavior students in a romantic relationship engage in? Drinking and falling in love/ Unprotected sex 6. What should you do if you have made a commitment to marry but feel you made a mistake? The take-home message is to “listen to your senses” and to act accordingly. Not acting on the feelings that the relationship is doomed may be to delay the inevitable. 7. What is the most frequently used decision making style identified by 148 students? ‘I am in control” aspect 8. What are the characteristics of Generation Yers? typically born between 1979 and 1984) are the children of the baby boomers. have been the focus of their parents’ attention. They have been nurtured, coddled, and scheduled into day care to help them get ahead. The result is a generation of high self-esteem, self-absorbed individuals who believe they are “the best.” no rush for commintment 9. What is the opinion of anthropologist Robert Bunger on the thesis of Sex at Dawn? Utter nonsense 10. In Hawaiian culture, what does the term "hanai'd out" mean? A child may be adopted by someone in the extended family or childless couple. No papers 11. What are the characteristics of Generation X? Children of boomers born between early 60s to early 80s. Generation of change, MTV, AIDS, diversity. 12. When do "marriage planners" plan marriage (in reference to career/education)? Delay marriage to finish career and education 13. How do "marriage naturalists" view marriage in terms of getting married? “Natural” expet outcome of a relationship that has endured over time 14. Give examples of "markers" for when a relationship begins/progresses. 1. Relationship events (meeting parents, becoming engaged, etc.) 2. Affection/Sex (first time couple had sex, losing one's virginity) 3. Having or rearing children together 4. Time/Money (spending time together, sharing funds, etc.) 15. What do immigrant parents tend to expect of their children in terms of mate selection? same cultural background 16. Do the positive effects of "marriage education" differ in terms of whether offered by educators or clergy? Positive outcomes 17. What is the top reason U.S. adults give for getting married? Love 18. How does being married influence the weight a person gains? most unmarried single women are obese and undergo stress and lack of sleep 19. How does taking a marriage education course impact one's beliefs is the notion of love at first sight and love conquers all? Students exposed to relationship material had fewer faulty relationship views and more realistic views about cohabitation 20. What is the level of agreement among family life professionals in regard to the definition of the family? group of people related bu blood marriage or adoption 21. Do the majority of adults view pets as part of the family? yes 22. How do health and wealth impact the chance that a cohabitating male will marry? unhealthy wealthy men are more likley to marry 23. How does being from a stepfamily or single parent family influence one's chance of developing a romantic relationship? Marital conflicts of ones parents were associated with conflict in one's own romantic relationships 24. How did anthropologist Robert Bunger react to the thesis of Sex at Dawn? thought it was crazy 25. Distinguish between a philosophy of individualism versus familism for making the decision to get a divorce. leads to making decisions that serve the individual's interests rather than the family's interest. Familism is making decisions that serve the family's interest rather than the individual's interest. 26. How can global factors influence the vacation of an American family? 27. In which country do residents report the highest life satisfaction? switzerland 28. How does belief in the institution of the family influence ones view of divorce? Tax deductions for parents, familyfriendly work policies, and government benefits for young mothers and their children 29. Give examples of individuals in your primary group and in your secondary group? Primary= family Sec=Political party 30. At what age may "child marriage" begin? before18th birthday many around 8 or nine 31. Identify the various social institutions. he definition of a social institution is a group of people who are together for a common purpose. An example of a social institution is a group of woman who all share the same rights and membership privileges in a particular club. 32. Distinguish between a status and a role. Status is our relative social position within a group, while a role is the part our society expects us to play in a given status. 33. Give an example of the paradox of American values. blind is virtue, immigration 34. Give an example of a role conflict. A parent may feel conflicting obligations to employers who demand full devotion to the job and children who need to be cared for when they are sick 35. What is the sociological imagination and give examples. social imagination is all about determining the relationship between ordinary lives of people and the wider social forces A girl tries to lose weight to look desirable according to the perception of the society. A guy gets rejected in an interview and resorts to illegal activities 36. Distinguish between the family of origin and the family of procreation. Orgin= where we came from procreation= where we going 37. Identify and define the various theoretical frameworks for viewing the family. 38. Which theoretical framework of the family is used most often? 39. Which theoretical framework views the family as an institution to stabilize society? 40. Do conflict theorists view conflict as normal, natural and necessary or as abnormal, unnatural and unnecessary? 41. According to looking glass self, how will criticism from parents influence the self concept of a child? 42. Summarize the focus of the family life development framework. 43. Which family framework is concerned with rules of family interaction and boundaries? 44. Which family framework is concerned with profit and loss? 45. What is a feral child? 46. What are examples of irrevocable choices? 47. What does pantagamy mean? 48. When a researcher gets approval from the IRB, what is the meaning of those letters? 49. Before you accept the validity of a research article, what caveats might you keep in mind? 50. What country sanctioned taking upwards of 100,000 children from their parents from 1885 to 1969? Why? 51. Identify the differences between marriage and the family. 52. To what degree would you expect one who is college educated and has a good income to also be married? 53. Identify the various issues to keep in mind when making interpersonal choices (e.g., not to decide is to decide; some choices require correction; choices involve tradeoffs; choices include selecting a positive or negative view; choices involve various decision making styles; some choices are revocable while others are not); choices vary with the family life cycle; making wise choices is facilitated by learning decision making skills. 54. Review new research on how romantic relationships create a context to make risky choices and identify five of these risk taking behaviors. 55. Give examples of global, structural, cultural and media influences on choices. 56. Discuss how one’s family of origin, personalities and other variables influence choices in relationships. 57. Identify five elements that define marriage, and four types of marriage. 58. Identify the benefits of marriage. 59. Review the effectiveness of marriage preparation/relationship programs. 60. Define “family” according to the U.S. Census Bureau definition, specify who is excluded by this definition, and why the definition of “who is family?” is important. To what degree are pets regarded as “family” members? Give examples. 61. Describe various types of families including the family of origin, family of procreation, nuclear family, binuclear family, extended family and the traditional/mo6dern/postmodern family. 62. Discuss how the Australian government destroyed Aboriginal families. 63. Identify the differences between marriage and the family in the United States 64. Describe how marriages and families have changed since 1950. 65. Discuss various theoretical frameworks for viewing marriage and the family, including social exchange, family life course development, structuralfunctional, conflict, symbolic interaction, and family systems frameworks. 66. Know the various steps in the research process. 67. Identify seven caveats to keep in mind when reading/evaluating research in marriage and family. 68. Predict the future of marriage in the U.S. Chapter 2 Love 1. Identify how relationship surrogates were used to reduce a 29 year old virgin male's relationship anxiety and provide him the skills to be comfortable interacting with women. 2. Identify the term for having little capacity for psychological intimacy. 3. What are Chapman's five languages of love? 4. What is the meaning of "integral" love? 5. Which concept refers to being caring, understanding and forgiving of oneself? 6. What is Erikson's sixth stage of psychosocial development? 7. What was the primary reaction of undergraduates to a partner who said, "I love you"? 8. Frequent use of pornography is related to what outcome? 9. Is passionate romantic love known throughout the universe or just in America? 10. Identify the social conditions for the development of love? 11. Children who are abandoned by their parents and placed in foster homes are vulnerable to what outcome? 12. Identify by name and content the various theories of love. 13. How does being in love impact condom use in a couple's sexual relationship?\ 14. Identify the various conditions for falling in love. 15. What is the trend in love marriages versus arranged marriages amid children in Eastern societies? 16. What is the love style of elderly couples? 17. About what percent of office workers report involvement in an office romance? 18. Identify the various problems associated with falling in love. 19. About what percent of a sample of adults reported that they believed in a soul mate? 20. What is the philosophy in America that focuses on personal fulfillment and love? 21. Identify internal and external causes of jealousy. 22. Identify the primary factors involved in relationships that last. 23. What is the principle of reciprocal liking and how does it influence mate selection? 24. Discuss how ending a relationship is like ending a cocaine addiction. 25. What is erotic melancholy and when was this term in use? 26. Bob falls in love with Mary who is very pretty. How does this impact Jane who likes Bob but who is not as attractive? 27. When jealous, men turn to _________and women turn to_____________. 28. Identify and define each of the love styles. 29. What is the most common love style of college students? 30. What is another term for "conjugal"? 31. What is the love style most likely to characterize the elderly? 32. Does love at first sight compared to falling in love slowly result in higher or lower or no difference in marital quality? 33. What does the term infatuation mean? 34. What percent of the marriages in China, India, and Indonesia are arranged by parents? 35. What is the implication of the fact that most are not interracial? 36. What did researcher Diamond say about the capacity of individuals to fall in love with a person of one's same or other sex? 37. What is the four year itch as described by Fisher? 38. Identify the various theories of love. 39. What is the "cuddle chemical" and how is it significant. 40. Review the wheel theory of love by Ira Reiss. 41. Discuss making decisions with one's head or heart? Which is more likely among college students? 42. How does body mass index translate into the chance of being involved in a romantic relationship? 43. How is selfdisclosure related to falling in love. 44. How does having the front part of one's brain removed impact one's capacity for love? 45. Define compersion and give an example. 46. Are "newer" or "older" relationships more likely to include jealousy? 47. What is Louisa, Virginia known for? 48. Know three ways of viewing the concept of love. 49. Review how the person you love is influenced by social factors 50. Identify and explain six theories of love. 51. Understand the conditions under which a person falls in love 52. Describe how love is a context for problems. 53. Explain the research process and caveats. 54. Learn the sources and consequences of jealousy. 55. Discuss compersion and polyamory. Chapter3 Gender 1. What are Fafafini, where are they found, and what is the function for the family? 2. What is the term which refers to the social/psychological characteristics of becoming a woman or a man? 3. Identify trends in the Cuban family. 4. How does the goal of "hanging out" differ between women and men? 5. What is the fastest growing ethnic group in the U.S.? 6. What is the central family unit in the Dominican Republic the couple or the mother and her children? 7. At what age do children know that gender is permanent....and what theory focuses on gender development? 8. Are traditional gender roles associated with more or less marital satisfaction? Why? 9. Is the undergraduate woman or man more likely to initiate the "relationship talk"? 10. What is a bias relationship therapists have today in terms of working with couples? 11. In countries that promote relationship equality, do women still do more child care? 12. Are women or men more likely to regret their first sexual intercourse experience? 13. Are women or men more likely to have more friends? 14. What are the sex chromosomes of women and men? 15. How is the biological sex of a person determined? 16. What is the term for the person who has the hormones and internal/external sex organs of both women and men? 17.Do parents tend to require male children to do more or less housework? 18. Give an example of gender dysphoria? 19. Do female occupations typically require less education and have lower status? 20. How is hiphop music associated with gender stereotypes give an example. 21. What is the meaning of benevolent sexism? 22. What is the point of the outcome of the castration/sex reassignment experiment by John Money at Johns Hopkins university? 23. What is the most enduring of all relationships husband wife, brother brother or sister sister? 24. Describe the process of identification. 25. List and describe the various gender role theories. 26. Give examples of the way the family is a gendered institution? 27. What is the symbol of womanhood for Caribbean women? 28. Why are women more likely to contract an STD or HIV from a man than vice versa? 29. To what degree is female genital alteration a crime in the United States? 30. Give two examples of sex roles? 31. What is another term for intersexed? 32. To what degree are both women and men restricted by traditional gender role expectations? 33. What are the characteristics of a person who is androgynous? 34. What is gender postmodernism? 35. What is another term for female genital alteration? 36. What do women who have experienced female genital alteration report about sexual pain and libido? 37. What are two reasons men have fewer friends than women? 38. What is the point of Margaret Mead’s research on three tribes in New Guinea? 39. What is the gender role content of music videos? 40. What are various trends about the gender roles of women in the future? 41. Which country has a high and low rate of female genital alteration? 42. What are the negative consequences of traditional male gender role expectations? 43. Which institution attempts to duplicate the culture for successive generations? 44. What is the effect on approving egalitarian gender roles of a female who is highly educated and who has a mother who worked outside the home? 45. Female occupations tend to require less education and have lower status true or false? 46. Define and distinguish between the following terms: sex, gender, gender identity, transgender, gender role, sex role, gender role ideology, cross dresser, transsexual and intersexed. 47. Identify the differences between women and men in regard to love, betrayal and sex. 48. Summarize and compare various theories of gender role development, including biosocial, bioecological, social learning, identification, and cognitivedevelopmental theory. 49. Discuss how the various agents of socialization (family, race/ethnicity, peers, religion, education, economy and mass media) influence gender role development. 50. Identify how gender role socialization affects relationship choices. 51. Review the gender roles operative in Latino/Hispanic families, Cuba, the Caribbean, and Africa (East and South). 52. Identify the positive and negative consequences of traditional female and traditional male gender role socialization. 53. Review the reasons for female genital alteration, U.S. laws, and outcome for individuals who have experienced the procedure. 54. Review the meaning of “feminization of poverty” and its implications for one’s work role. 55. Discuss the concepts of androgyny, gender role transcendence, and gender post modernism. 56. Know the trends in gender role relationships. Chapter 4 Singlehood, Hanging Out, Hooking Up, Cohabitation 1. Worldwide, what percent of individuals age 49 have never married? 2. List from happiest to least happy.....spouses, cohabitants, single individuals who are not living together. 3. What is the term for individuals who live together on and off over a period of years? 4. What are the income and education characteristics of adult males who never marry? 5. What is the family context (single parent or two parent family) in which the never married are more likely to have been reared? 6. What are the various reasons for delaying marriage? 7. How will we know if those who delay marriage today will eventually marry? 8. What are the unspoken rules (understood by the participants) of hooking up? 9. What are the characteristics of those who hook up? 10. Identify changes in dating in the last 60 years. 11. What is the most challenging aspect of being single reported by 5500 single adults? 12. Why do cohabitants who never marry say they choose this option? 13. What is the effect of parental disapproval of an offspring's cohabitation on the living together behavior of their offspring? 14. How does the breakup of cohabiting parents impact children? 15. What is the term for individuals who cohabit on and off for years? 16. What is the primary factor in determining whether cohabitants end up in happy marriages? 17. What are the advantages and disadvantages of LAT (living apart together)? 18. What factors are associated with a single woman not getting married? 19. What living arrangement is associated with the lowest chance of suicide? 20. In which country do civil unions outnumber marriages? 21. Discuss the future of singlehood. 22. Do most hookups involve persons who are friends/acquaintances or a stranger? 23. To what degree does hooking up typically end up in the couple getting married? 24. Which sexual behavior is most likely to occur during a hook up encounter? 25. What is the meaning of the term separation protest? 26. What is the primary factor which predicts if a couple in a long distance dating relationship will last? 27. Which groups are open to the Unmarried Equality organization? 28. How is a civil union dissolved in France? 29. Why do educated black women have a difficult time finding a marriage partner? 30. Discuss the future of cohabitation. 31. Being single/living along reflects which modern values? 32. What is the most frequent outcome of a hookup encounter? 33. To what degree do divorced individuals move quickly through the courtship sequence to a new marriage with a new partner? 34. What are the norms in Iceland about living together before marriage? 35. What are the characteristics of women who ask men out on a first date? 36. What are the advantages and disadvantages of cohabitation? 37. To what degree do cohabitants live together and never marry? 38. What are the benefits of a common law marriage? 39. Can children born to parents who cohabit inherit from their parents? 40. What is palimony? 41. What is common law marriage? How many states recognize common law marriage? 42. What is the "cohabitation effect"? 43. To what degree is dating others while you are in a long distance dating relationship helpful in keeping you together with your long distance partner? 44. What factors are associated with defining a couple as domestic partners? 45. What is the name of the organization that supports individuals who value singlehood? 46. Couples of which social class are most likely to live together? 47. What is the most common reason cohabitants break up? 48. To what degree do children benefit (in terms of health) if their parents are married? 49. If two lovers disagree about living together, what will they end cohabiting or not? 50. Explain the types of singles and the reasons individuals give for delaying marriage. 51. Identify the changes in dating in the last sixty years. 52. Understand the goals and outcomes of "hooking up." 53. Describe the types of cohabitant relationships and the relationship consequences. 54. Review the positives and negatives of living apart together. 55. Discuss the future of singlehood. Chapter 5 Selecting a Partner 1. What are endogamy and exogamy and how do they operate as cultural factors in mate selection? 2. What the values of individualism and familism, give examples of which countries practice these values and how do they operate in mate selection? 3. To what degree to women and men value intelligence in mate selection? 4. Does personal happiness predict marital happiness? 5. What is the effect of marriage education on marriage relationships? 6. Compare Covenant Marriage with standard marriages in terms of decline of marital satisfaction over a seven year period. 7. To what degree is the Internet replacing family/friends as a means of meeting people to date/hang out with?. 8. Whites who cross racial lines to marry are most likely to do so with members of which racial group? 9. What might you predict about the educational attainment of a black male who marries a white female? 10. To what degree is altruism a quality valued by both men and women in mate selection? 11. How is amount of drinking associated with being unattractive facially and having a high body mass? 12. What are the advantages of meeting the partner's parents? 13. To what degree is fudging common and expected in creating one's Internet profile? 14. Under what conditions is deception the highest in Internet dating? 15. Identify and define the cultural, social, and psychological theories of mate selection. 16. According to sociobiology, what are the characteristics of the female that a male will seek to pair bond with? 17. How does anxiety attachment express itself in meeting a new partner? 18. What are the qualities of the "bad boy"? 19. How is sex used to cope with the ending of a romantic relationship? 20. How long does it take to get over an intense love relationship that ended? 21. Which "race" is least likely to marry someone of the "white" race? 22. What is the term for the cultural pressure to marry someone of your own racial group? 23. What cultural norm did Woody Allen violate by marrying his stepdaughter? 24. What is the mating gradient....give an example? 25. How do undergraduates assess the social class of their classmates? 26. What aspects of religion are associated with relationship quality? 27. How marketable is a woman known as a "drunk" or a "stoner" as a marriage partner? 28. What is the primary source of relationship advice reported by premarital couples? 29. What factor is a father concerned about as a husband for his daughter? 30. What is the relationship between homogamy and marital satisfaction? 31. What is the strongest predictor of subsequent divorce? 32. What is the meaning of homogamy and give an example? 33. In the future, to what degree are people ashamed of finding a partner on the Internet?. 34. What is the theory of complementary needs in mate selection and give an example. 35. Identify the concepts involved in the exchange theory of mate selection and give an example in selecting a partner. 36. According to Freud, identify the characteristics men and women seek in the partners they select to marry. 37. What percent of undergraduates seek a traditional partner? 38. How important is it for future marital happiness to select someone with whom you have a great deal in common? 39. How does the sociobiological theory of mate selection predict which person will be selected for a mate? 40. Identify personality characteristics predictive of divorce. 41. What is the "most serious fault of a man" identified by a national sample of women? 42. In what way are rebound and escaping a negative home environment wrong reasons for getting married? 43. What is the primary purpose for a prenuptial agreement? 44. At what time in a relationship should a prenuptial agreement be brought up for discussion and signed? 45. Identify five wrong reasons for getting married. 46. Why are persons in second marriages likely to have a prenuptial agreement? 47. How long should you know/date a person before getting married to that person? 48. How is "marry yourself" a worthy guideline in selecting a marriage partner? 49. What are circadian preferences? 50. Identify the cultural, sociological and psychological factors operative in selecting a partner. 51. Describe sociobiology, discuss how it explains mate selection and list the criticisms. 52. Review premarital counseling, premarital education and prenuptial agreements. 53. Explain the various ways of using technology to find a partner and know the pros and cons. 54. Discuss the conditions under which you should consider calling off the wedding. 55. Predict what will occur in reference to mate selection in the future.
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