New User Special Price Expires in

Let's log you in.

Sign in with Facebook


Don't have a StudySoup account? Create one here!


Create a StudySoup account

Be part of our community, it's free to join!

Sign up with Facebook


Create your account
By creating an account you agree to StudySoup's terms and conditions and privacy policy

Already have a StudySoup account? Login here

PSYC 2001 Chapter 7 Notes

by: Kendra Griffin

PSYC 2001 Chapter 7 Notes PSYC 2001-41603

Kendra Griffin

Preview These Notes for FREE

Get a free preview of these Notes, just enter your email below.

Unlock Preview
Unlock Preview

Preview these materials now for free

Why put in your email? Get access to more of this material and other relevant free materials for your school

View Preview

About this Document

These notes cover information on the upcoming exam.
Introduction to Psychology
Mrs. Mary Elizabeth Bridges
Study Guide
50 ?




Popular in Introduction to Psychology

Popular in Introduction to Psychology

This 3 page Study Guide was uploaded by Kendra Griffin on Tuesday September 20, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to PSYC 2001-41603 at University of Louisiana at Monroe taught by Mrs. Mary Elizabeth Bridges in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 24 views. For similar materials see Introduction to Psychology in Introduction to Psychology at University of Louisiana at Monroe.


Reviews for PSYC 2001 Chapter 7 Notes


Report this Material


What is Karma?


Karma is the currency of StudySoup.

You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!

Date Created: 09/20/16
★ Memory: Process by which we encode, store, and retrieve information ★ Types of memory stores: ○ Sensory memory: Storage of information that last only an instant  ○ Short­term memory: Forgetting information after 15 to 25 seconds ○ Long­term memory: Stores information permanently ★ Sensory memory operates as a kind of snapshot that stores information for a  certain moment of time ○ Iconic memory reflects information from visual system ○ Echoic memory stores “hearing” information  ★ Chunk­ grouping of information that’s stored in short­ term memory ○ Example­ AWHDBCKIYTSNSLK; LAHNRI BCGHSK;  WIDLFIEAMFDHSL ★ Rehearsal­ repetition of info that enters the short­ term memory stage ○ Elaborative rehearsal is information organized in some type of  fashion ○ Mnemonics is organized information which makes it more likely to be remembered ★ Working memory is a set of temporary memory store that manipulate and  rehearse info ○ Central executive processor­ Part of reasoning and decision  making (coordinates material) ■ Examples:  ● Visual store ● Verbal store­ speech, words, and  numbers ● Episodic buffer­ Occurrences (like  flashbacks of a wreck) ★ Working memory uses a certain amount of cognitive resources during its  operation ○ Stress can decrease its effectiveness ★ Serial position effect­ Recalling information in a list depending on where the item appears in the list ○ Primacy effect­ the tendency to remember an item in the first  position within a sequence ○ Recency effect­ the tendency to remember an item in last position ★ Long­term memory modules: ○ Declarative memory: Factual information (Du Bois was the first  African American to receive a Ph.D) ○ Procedural memory (referred as nondeclarative memory): For  skills and habits (Riding a skateboard) ○ Semantic memory: General knowledge/ memory (The boy wore  glasses.) ○ Episodic memory: For events that occur in a particular time or  place (Remembering going to Six Flags) ★ Semantic networks: Mental representations of clusters of interconnected info ○ Spreading activation­ Activating a memory triggers related  memories ★ Neuroscience of memory: ○ Engram­ Physical memory trace in the brain which corresponds to  a memory ○ Hippocampus­ A central role in the reinforcement of memories ○ Amygdala­ Involved with memories that deal with emotions ★ Memory at the level of neurons: ○ Long­term potentiation­ Certain neural pathways become excited  while new ones are being learned ○ Consolidation­ memories in long­ term memory become fixed and  stable ★ Tip­of­the­tongue phenomenon­ Not being able to recall info you know ★ Retrieval cues­ Stimulus that allow us to recall info that’s long­term memory ★ Recall­ Certain piece of info that must be recovered ★ Recognition­ form of remembering someone ★ Levels of processing: emphasizes the degree so new material can be analyzed  mentally ○ Info is processed in terms of its physical and sensory aspects at  shallow levels ○ Info is analyzed in terms of its meaning at the deepest level of  processing ★ Explicit memory­ Intentional recollection of info ★ Implicit memory­ Memories people are not aware of ○ Can affect future behavior and performance ○ Priming­ occurs when exposed to a word or concept which later  makes it easier to recall info related to it ★ Flashbulb memories­ Memories related to specific, important, or surprising events that are recalled with vivid image ○ Source amnesia­ Occur when a person has a memory of something  but cannot recall where it was encountered ★ Schemas­ Organized info stored in memory that influence the way new info is  interpreted, stored, and recalled ★ Memories can be inaccurate or false ★ Autobiographical memory­ Recollection of our life experiences ○ People tend to forget info about their past if it is incompatible with  the way they see themselves ★ Memory failure is requirement to remembering important info ○ Forgetting helps keep unwanted info from interfering with info that is wanted ○ Forms general impressions ★ Failure of encoding­ Not paying attention to material given ★ Decay­ Loss of info through nonuse ○ Memory traces­ Physical changes that take place in the brain when  new info is learned ★ Key processes of forgetting: ○ Interference­ Information in memory that damage the recalling of  info ○ Cue­dependent forgetting­ Occurs when there are poor restoring  cues to renew info that is considered as a memory ★ Proactive interference­ Info learned earlier that damage the recall of new info  (processes in time) ★  Retroactive interference­ Material that is learned later that damage the restoring  of info that was learned earlier (retrogressed in time) ★ Alzheimer’s disease­ Progressive brain disorder that heads to gradual and decline  in cognitive abilities ★ Amnesia­ Memory loss that occur without other mental difficulties ○ Retrograde amnesia­ Memory that is lost for occurrences prior to  certain events but not for new events  ○ Anterograde amnesia­ Memory that is lost for events that follow a  injury ★ Korsakoff’s syndrome­ Trouble long­term alcoholics; repeating the same story  over


Buy Material

Are you sure you want to buy this material for

50 Karma

Buy Material

BOOM! Enjoy Your Free Notes!

We've added these Notes to your profile, click here to view them now.


You're already Subscribed!

Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'

Why people love StudySoup

Jim McGreen Ohio University

"Knowing I can count on the Elite Notetaker in my class allows me to focus on what the professor is saying instead of just scribbling notes the whole time and falling behind."

Janice Dongeun University of Washington

"I used the money I made selling my notes & study guides to pay for spring break in Olympia, Washington...which was Sweet!"

Steve Martinelli UC Los Angeles

"There's no way I would have passed my Organic Chemistry class this semester without the notes and study guides I got from StudySoup."


"Their 'Elite Notetakers' are making over $1,200/month in sales by creating high quality content that helps their classmates in a time of need."

Become an Elite Notetaker and start selling your notes online!

Refund Policy


All subscriptions to StudySoup are paid in full at the time of subscribing. To change your credit card information or to cancel your subscription, go to "Edit Settings". All credit card information will be available there. If you should decide to cancel your subscription, it will continue to be valid until the next payment period, as all payments for the current period were made in advance. For special circumstances, please email


StudySoup has more than 1 million course-specific study resources to help students study smarter. If you’re having trouble finding what you’re looking for, our customer support team can help you find what you need! Feel free to contact them here:

Recurring Subscriptions: If you have canceled your recurring subscription on the day of renewal and have not downloaded any documents, you may request a refund by submitting an email to

Satisfaction Guarantee: If you’re not satisfied with your subscription, you can contact us for further help. Contact must be made within 3 business days of your subscription purchase and your refund request will be subject for review.

Please Note: Refunds can never be provided more than 30 days after the initial purchase date regardless of your activity on the site.