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HIST 103

by: Jane Notetaker

HIST 103 Hist 103

Jane Notetaker
Virginia Commonwealth University

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All key terms defined for test 3, class notes for test 3
Survey of American History
Sarah Meacham
Study Guide
HIST103, history, 103, AmericanHistory, surveryofamerican
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This 4 page Study Guide was uploaded by Jane Notetaker on Tuesday September 20, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to Hist 103 at Virginia Commonwealth University taught by Sarah Meacham in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 3 views.

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Date Created: 09/20/16
TEST 3 Articles of Confederation State Constitutions Shay’s Rebellion The Constitution Federalism The 3/5ths clause Thomas Jefferson The Louisiana Purchase Impressments The Chesapeake The EmbargoAct The War of 1812 Treaty of Ghent, 1814 Lewis & Clark expedition Northwest Ordinance of 1787 Manifest Destiny Donner Party Cherokee Nation vs. Georgia Trail of Tears Cotton Gin who: Eli Whitneywhat: machine created to do the tedious job of pulling seeds from and combing cottonwhen: 1793where: SouthHS: huge ramifications for Southern economy; continues life of slavery. slaves were separated more and rebellions. Transportation Revolution - Early 1800's the growth in the north and west accelerated because of the building of roads, steamboats, and canals. Steamboats Erie Canal Early railroads National Road Overland Trail Industrialization the process by which societies are transformed from dependence on agriculture and handmade products to an emphasis on manufacturing and related industries -NE factories, women were the first factory worker New England textile mills When: first 30 years of 19th century where: New England Area dominated in Mass who: first factory workers were female daughters of farmers. worked sun up to sun down. what: no shoes, tight clothes, hair pulled back for safety they were pulled from farms in the west and promised good pay, sold it as "finishing school" wanted money for wedding.significance: First factory workers were women eventually Irish men took over. women's right. Lowell mill girls when: first 30 years of 19th century Who: unmarried women that worked in factory significance:revolutionary because they were the first women to get jobs of somewhat substance. justified that women were inferior to men. got paid less, poor work conditions. believed they were deprived of rights. lead to women's rights and push for equality what: They lived in boardinghouses which were near the mill. Irish and German immigration Potato famine Know-Nothing Party Middle Class separate spheres Second GreatAwakening Methodists Shakers 1 Mormons Reformers Temperance Movement Public Schools Grimke Sisters -Daughters of a SC slave holder. -were early women advocates of abolitionism and women's rights. Became Quakers. significance: First women to publicly speak in the United States. Seneca Falls Convention What: A convention to talk about women's rightsWhere: Seneca Falls, New York When: 1848Historical Significance: There was a huge resistance to what came out of the Seneca Falls Convention from men and women. created the women's rights movement but eventually died out by the Civil War because the issues of the war took precedence over everything else Declaration of Sentiments when: signed in 1848 by 68 women and 32 men. What: based on declaration of Independence. Women's rights movement began with 2nd great awakening. Women declared in the document that men and women are equal and demanded suffrage. called for equal opportunities in education, work, equality in law, appear on public platforms. Romanticism Portrays nature; overly exaggerated; not really true; have a sense of spirits and emotion; bizarre; shows a sense of individualism or heroism; rejects reason and therefore is not in favor of the rationality, order, and restraint of the Enlightenment. Because this era urged for a freer lifestyle and political system, the sense of nationalism and liberalism came into being. significance:: rise of Transcendentalism. Ralph Waldo Emerson Transcendentalist and leading American philosopher of the mid 1800s; work influenced many, including Henry David Thoreau with works like Nature Transcendentalism -Movement: An idealistic philosophical and social movement in 1830's in reaction to rational thinking; focuses on spirituality and interpreting nature in symbolic terms - evolved from romanticism. a literary and philiosocial movement that focus's on the unity between god and the world. Henry David Thoreau • American author, poet, philosopher, abolitionist, naturalist, tax resister, development critic, surveyor, historian, and leading transcendentalist • Best known for his book Walden, a reflection upon simple living in natural surroundings, and his essay Civil Disobedience, an argument for individual resistance to civil government in moral opposition to an unjust state Walt Whitman wrote unformal poetry called LEAVES OF GRASS about the american work life *expressed the new democracy of the nation finding itself*had radical ideas and abolitionist views “I celebrate myself” -Walt Whitman -the main idea is what effects one effects us all.. -egalitarian-everyone is equal - a celebration of humanity Thomas Cole • 19t century • founder of the Hudson River School • painted natural landscapes • significance: American art movement flourished Hudson River School A group of American landscape painters active from about 1825 to 1875 whose works, influenced by European Romanticism, depict the beauty and grandeur of areas such as the Hudson River Valley, the Catskill Mountains, and Niagara Falls. Old South / New South 2 New South- the idea that the South should become industrialized, have a more diverse agriculture, and be thoroughly integrated into the economy of the nation. Quick and summary creation of a racial caste system. Old South- Slavery, cotton based economy, plantation system, no industry. “My family white and black” justified slavery white planter- father of everyone/ look out for his family single unti for a common good under the plantermyth- justifying brutal relaties of lsavery gender roles white male sole owner- political, social, cultural . economic elita right to rule/ slavery is keywhite women in north naturally moralsouth- men masters over everyone - how many slaves you have = powersouthern lady -mistress watched over slaves in houseslavery- slaves r childlike need people to take care of them Planters Arrogant aristocrats who raped women, brutalized enslaved workers, lorded over their community with haughty disdain for the rights & needs of others, bred slaves like cattle, broke up slave families & sold slaves "down river" to death at plantations. Mistresses bore heavy responsibility but carried no real authority, spent most of their lives tending to family members including slaves-in ilness and in childbirth, and supervising their slaves work. Yeomen small landholders who owned no slaves, and who lived primarily in the foothills of the Appalachian and Ozark mountains. They were self-reliant and grew mixed crops, although they usually did not produce a substantial amount to be sold on the market Pro-slavery arguments 1 blacks inferior: can't survive, designed for work 2 rights  = racial mixture 3 slavery was humane, more than north 4 slaves = property = basis of american liberty 5 bible approved 6 saved blacks from factories. & were taken care of Free blacks lived in urban areas. Did not own slaves. Were not slaves. But many laws regulated their behavior. They couldn't vote, had a curfew, and couldn't have liquor. B/c slaves mixed in with free blacks had higher chance of revolting. Some free blacks bought slaves, mostly their relatives, to give them better life. New Orleans had huge free black population and was a place for many revolts. Resistance -      Slaves came together in fields and the woods, and they sang, played, plotted, celebrated events  (music gave them a sense of unity, through spirits of ancestors gods could speak to them) -      Educating themselves and running away (i.e. Fredrick douglass) -      Maintaining culture (religion, spirituality, music, dance, language) -      Faking illness, not working hard, stealing from owners Underground Railroad A network of secret routes and safe houses used by 19th-century slaves in the United States to escape to free states and Canada with the aid of abolitionists and allies who were against slavery. Harriet Tubman A conductor/leader of the Underground Railroad. Used to be a slave, and she returned to the south 19 times leading over 300 slaves, including her parents, to freedom. In the civil war she served as a spy/nurse/cook for the Union Army. Compromise of 1850 - made the slave trade in DC illegal (legal to own, not to trade) - fugitive slave act - california was free state - popular sovereignty in utah and new mexico Fugitive Slave Law • required the return of runaway slaves; • stripped slaves' rights to trial by jury or testifying in ones own defense; • $10 given if a slave was returned, 5$ if freed • Made it easier for kidnappers to take free slaves RichardAllen (from the Africans in America documentary) 1793 Yellow Fever epidemic (from the Africans in America documentary) 3 Haitian Revolution (from the Africans in America documentary) Gabriel’s Rebellion (from the Africans in America documentary) Abolitionism William Lloyd Garrison (from The Abolitionists documentary) Harriet Beecher Stowe (from The Abolitionists documentary) Dred Scot Case (from The Abolitionists documentary) John Brown (from The Abolitionists documentary) Fort Sumter (from The Abolitionists documentary) Abraham Lincoln (from The Abolitionists documentary) Emancipation Proclamation (from The Abolitionists documentary) The Civil War 4


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