PSY EXAM 1 Study Guide
PSY EXAM 1 Study Guide PSY 151
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This 6 page Study Guide was uploaded by merlec16 on Wednesday September 21, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to PSY 151 at Wake Forest University taught by Ashley L. Heffner in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 11 views.
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Date Created: 09/21/16
Study Guide: Exam 1- Part 1 Learning Objectives/Key Ideas Lecture 1: Introduction to Psychology- Lecture 1 What is Psychology or psychological science? What is the Mind? What is Behavior? What are three goals in psychology? What are some similarities and differences among various types of psychologists? History of Psychology- Lecture 1 What are the early influences on the field of Psychology? What is the mind/body problem? Who is it associated with? How do many psychologists resolve it? What is Nature vs. nurture? How does it relate to: Nativism vs. Empiricism Recognize examples (major parts/people associated with) of: structuralism, functionalism, behaviorism, psychoanalysis, humanistic, etc. What is the role of culture? General Notes- Lecture 1 Yes, it is hard to predict behavior Psychologists do not believe we behavior haphazardly Think about and analyze how psychology can be used in your life Lecture 2: Ch. 1 Tools of Psychological Research- Lecture 2 What is the difference in science and pseudoscience? What re the steps of the Scientific method? What are the 4 goals of psychological research/science? (see text) What is an operational definition? Research Methods- Lecture 2 What are some types of Descriptive Methods? o What are the Pros and Cons of Descriptive approach? How do the pros and cons relate to internal and external validity? What is a sample vs. population? Good sampling techniques? What does Correlational Method study? o Be able to identify and explain positive, negative, and zero correlations and values for correlation coefficient. o Understand Pros and Cons of Correlational Method. o Identify Third variables and confounds. Experimental Method- Lecture 2 What makes the Experimental Method Special? Understand the roles of and identify Independent and Dependent Variables. Quasi-Experimental Design- why is it not experimental research? What are some Expectancy Effects? What do we mean by internal and external validity? What are some “threats” to these? Understand and identify differences in Random Assignment and Random Sampling? Understand and be able to calculate Mean, Median, and Mode. Be able to interpret measures of variability Identify some historical influences on Psychology Ethics Identify and Explain major components of the Ethics code General Notes- Lecture 2 Descriptive Method (observational method?) o Reactivity/external validity o Naturalistic observation o Case studies o Psychological tests o Survey Statistics o Central tendencies o Variability o Inferential Stats Correlational Method o Correlation does NOT equal causality o Measures can be correlated, but that does not mean one caused the other Review Notes on ETHICS Lecture 3: Ch. 4 Physical Development- Lecture 3 What are three stages of prenatal development? What are: Teratogens/environmental hazards What are some important Physical growth/ Motor development milestones? What is the physical pattern of development? How are developmental changes in the brain related to changes in behaviors (memory, emotions, language, processing speed)? How does the Environment influence brain development? What visual skills do infants have? Study Guide: Exam – Part 2 Part 2- Learning Objectives/Key Ideas Ch.4 and Ch.9 (448-458) Language Skill Development What are some milestones in language development? How do we learn language? Social and Emotion Development: Part 1 What does the mirror test assess? What is theory of mind? When does it development? Social and Emotional Development: Part 2 What is attachment? When does it begin? What is the Strange Situation procedure? What are four different types of attachment in children? What are some long term outcomes of children with different attachment types? Cognitive Development What are schematas? In Piaget’s theory, what is assimilation? What is accommodation? What are the major components and key terms associated with Piaget’s Stages? What are the age ranges associated with each stage? o Sensorimotor, Preoperational, concrete operational, formal operations o Know examples of these General Notes- Challenges to Piaget’s Theory Common thinking errors in teenagers o Personal fable o Imaginary audience Personal and Social Development – Adulthood What are Erikson’s stages of psychosocial development and their outcomes? o Know examples of these What are Marcia’s 4 identity development stages? o Know examples of these How do we change socially, cognitively, and physically as we age? What are dementia and Alzheimer’s? Intelligence – Ch. 9 What is ‘g’? What is psychometric tradition? What is the normal distribution of IQ scores? What is fluid intelligence vs. crystallized intelligence? What are some things IQ is correlated with or predicts? Are IQ scores stable across lifespan? IQ Learning Objectives What are standardization, normative sample, reliability and validity? Why are they important for Psych Measurements and IQ testing? What are some extremes of Intelligence? o What are some correlations of highly gifted individuals as found in the Terman study? What did Rosenthal and Jacobsen’s study tell us about the effects of labeling intelligence in the classroom? What are some findings related to Nature and Nurture and intelligence? o Twin studies? Adopted studies? o What is Test bias? Stereotype Threat? o Inherited Reaction Range?
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