Exam 1 O'Leary PSY 363 Developmental Psychopathology
Exam 1 O'Leary PSY 363 Developmental Psychopathology Psy 363
Long Beach State
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This 5 page Study Guide was uploaded by Madison Ultimate Notetaker on Wednesday September 21, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to Psy 363 at California State University - Long Beach taught by B O'leary in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 62 views. For similar materials see Developmental Psychopathology in Psychology And Social Behavior at California State University - Long Beach.
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Date Created: 09/21/16
Developmental Psychopathology 363 O'Leary Exam #1 Study Guide, Chapters 13 1. Which is least likely to be considered an indication of problem behavior in youth? A behavior is unusual but of no harm to anyone 2. Serafica & Vargas (2006) study found that… 3. Alicia's mother is worried because although Alicia's behavior seems much like that of her peers, Alicia misbehaves relative to the setting she is in. Alicia's mother is concerned that her daughter is not meeting what type of “norms”? 4. According to the book, which of the following is true regarding behavioral disorders of youth? Judgments about abnormality often change over time. 5. Which of the following is true regarding preschooler mental health? 6. Which of the following is true regarding the prevalence of behavioral disturbance of youth? Prevalence rates are can vary depending on who is reporting on the symptoms (e.g., youth, parents, teachers). 7. What did the chapter/textbook say with regard to childhood behavioral problems and age of youth? 8. What did the chapter/textbook say with regard to gender and the rates of behavioral disorders? boys are more likely to be diagnosed with externalizing disorders. 9. Which of the following terms refers to biological causation of behavioral disturbance? Somatogenesis 10. When the term syndrome is used in reference to a behavioral disturbance, it suggests that the disorder is related to or originates from what? is characterized by a group of symptoms. 11. Who is credited with publishing, in the 19th century, an important classification system for mental disorders? 12. According to Table 1.3 in the book, who established the first child clinic in the United States? 13. In the case of "Little Hans," Freud proposed that Han's fear and anxiety were based in his _____? 14. In Freudian theory, defense mechanisms are viewed as protecting the individual from what? recognizing one's own unacceptable impulses. 15. In contrast to Sigmund Freud, John Watson’s theory on what drives behaviors suggests what? 16. The idea that behavior is shaped by its consequences is called _________ and was created by ______. law of effect; Thorndike Page 1 of 5 Developmental Psychopathology 363 O'Leary Exam #1 Study Guide, Chapters 13 17. What can you tell me about the child guidance movement in the United States? 18. Which theorist linked social context with cognition? 19. Which theoriest are associated with behaviorism/learning theory? 20. Who was the first president of the American Psychological Association? 21. Who is best known for early efforts to evaluate children's intellectual functioning? Binet and Simon 22. A __________ is a trusting, personal bond formed between the therapist and the client. therapeutic alliance 23. A(n) ________ is a formal integrated set of principles or propositions that explain phenomena. 24. As a field of study, developmental psychopathology is a blend of what theories/thought processes to understand what is happening with the child/adolescent? developmental and clinical psychology. 25. How does the chapter/textbook define Human development? 26. Define the terms theory, paradigm, & etiology. Etiology is another term for cause 27. If a disorder occurs only in the presence of Factor X but only when Factor Y or Factor Z are present, we might suspect that Factor X is a _____ cause of the disorder. 28. The Lansford et al. (2005) study found that African American children may respond differently to physical discipline than European American children. What is the effect of culture? 29. Peter got along quite well as a child, but in adolescence he associated with a "bad" crowd, took drugs, and suffered academically. At 21 years of age, he appears to have put aside these behaviors and has successfully returned to college. Peter's development is following which of the five adolescent developmental pathways described in the text? Temporal maladaptation 30. It has been shown that child abuse can lead to several different kinds of behavioral problems. This demonstrates the principle of what? 31. What are Risk factors? can be biological, psychological, or social. 32. In regard to the timing of risky experiences, the idea that early trauma may program a child's biological reactivity to stressful events is linked to which of the following? Page 2 of 5 Developmental Psychopathology 363 O'Leary Exam #1 Study Guide, Chapters 13 33. In the Grant et al., (2003) model of the relationship between adversities and psychopathology, what is a mediator? Psychological processes 34. Which is most likely to be a nonnormative influence on the development of the present generation of U.S. adolescents? Severe childhood illness 35. Resilience is best defined as what? 36. The study of resilience conducted on Kauai revealed that resilience _______ 37. Investigations of the continuity of childhood behavior problems into adulthood suggest what? developmental changes in behavior can make it difficult to trace continuity. 38. Heterotypic continuity refers to the continuance of what? 39. When Jane was worried at nine years of age, she tended to develop stomachaches. At age thirty, this is still true. Thus, Jane exhibits _____ continuity of anxiety. 40. In the Strange Situation Kevin does not use his mother as a resource. He does not seem distressed when she leaves and ignores her when she returns. Which attachment style is Kevin exhibiting? Insecure avoidant 41. Which pattern of infantcaretaker attachment is especially associated with infants who have been exposed to abusive, pathological caretaking? 42. Secure attachment between infants and their caretakers is positively correlated with childhood and adolescent _________. 43. ______________ refers to the processes that facilitate or hinder reactivity. Selfregulation 44. Sandy cries easily, has tantrums when facing novel situations, and is highly reactive to stress. Which temperament type best describes Sandy? 45. The Chess and Thomas case study of Carl demonstrated what? 46. A recent study of temperament and parenting types (good or poor) by Bradley and Corwyn (2008) determined what? children with difficult temperaments were more responsive to the type of parenting they received. 47. What are the three wellrecognized components of emotion? 48. What is true regarding brain development? Page 3 of 5 Developmental Psychopathology 363 O'Leary Exam #1 Study Guide, Chapters 13 49. The __________ has two branches, the sympathetic and parasympathetic systems, and is the part of the nervous system that helps regulate arousal and emotions. autonomic nervous system 50. The ___________, which includes the hippocampus, amygdala, and parts of the cerebral hemispheres, thalamus, and hypothalamus, plays a central role in memory and the regulation of emotions and biological urges. limbic system 51. The part of the brain that is involved in higher mental functioning, including information processing, learning, and memory is the __________. 52. ___________receive chemical messages from other neurons. 53. Norepinephrine, serotonin, and dopamine are all examples of what? Neurotransmissions 54. A toxic substance that may cause damage to the developing fetus is known as a what? teratogen 55. The exposure of the developing fetus to alcohol consumed by the mother is an example of what type of influence? 56. Mr. and Mrs. Smith have recently adopted Jimmy, age 9. They do not know much about his birth history. They are concerned because Jimmy exhibits slow growth and poor motor skills. He also has small eyes and a thin upper lip. Finally, Jimmy seems to have difficulty learning and is quite hyperactive. His pediatrician suspects what about Jimmy? 57. Anoxia at the time of birth is an example of a what type of birth influence? 58. The genetic code is the basis for the ____________ or synthesis of messenger RNA. 59. Many complex human characteristics, such as intelligence and behaviors implicated in behavior disorders, are believed to be associated with what? multiple genes in combination with environmental influences. 60. What can we learn from twin studies and the influence of genetics? 61. Children who have disorder X and were adopted at birth are studied to determine the degree of genetic contribution to disorder X. Which of the following results is most likely to support the hypothesis of genetic influence in the etiology of disorder X? 62. The term _________ refers to differential sensitivity to experience due to differences in genotype. 63. The term __________ refers to genetic differences in exposure to environments. Page 4 of 5 Developmental Psychopathology 363 O'Leary Exam #1 Study Guide, Chapters 13 64. Operant conditioning emphasizes the __________ of behavior. Consequences 65. A particular child develops a fear of all men with mustaches similar that of his uncle, who is stern. This is an example of the operant conditioning process of what? Generalization 66. Understand the phenomenon of disinhibition in observational learning. 67. Attention, memory, concept formation, strategies to mentally manipulate information, and problem solving are examples of what type of processes? 68. ________________ are schema for representing information stored in memory. 69. A depressed child views herself as less capable than her peers, whereas others do not view her this way. This is an example of what? cognitive distortion 70. In an ecological model of development, _______ contexts would be expected to have relatively more direct impact. Proximal 71. According to the book, the definition of _________ is probably the most difficult and controversial. 72. Which of the following is true about child maltreatment? Social isolation of the parent from family and friends contributes to abuse. Page 5 of 5
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