HIST 1312-003, Exam 1 Study Guide
HIST 1312-003, Exam 1 Study Guide HIST 1312-003
Popular in U.S. History from 1865
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This 12 page Study Guide was uploaded by Miranda Notetaker on Wednesday September 21, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to HIST 1312-003 at University of Texas at Arlington taught by Bradley Folsom in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 210 views. For similar materials see U.S. History from 1865 in History at University of Texas at Arlington.
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Date Created: 09/21/16
Exam 1 Study Guide (9/26/16) This study guide will have various types of questions (multiple choice, identification, etc.) similarly to how the professor said the exams would be formatted. There will be more questions though to make sure most of the topics get covered by this study guide. 1) Which amendment abolished slavery? a. The 13 th th b. The 14 th c. The 15 th d. The 16 2) What was the 10 Percent Plan? a. 10% of each Southern state had to agree to free their slaves for the state to be allowed back into the Union. b. 10% of the voters in a Southern state had to pledge allegiance to the Union and agree to abide by the Emancipation in order for the state to be allowed back into the Union. c. If 10% of the people in a Southern state released their slaves, the state could be allowed back into the Union. d. Democrats had to make up 10% or less of the population in a Southern state before it could be let back into the Union. 3) Who assassinated President Abraham Lincoln? a. William Seward b. Alexander Stephens c. Andrew Johnson d. John Wilkes Booth 4) When did Congress decide to rebel against Johnson? a. 1867 b. 1869 c. 1866 d. 1872 5) What Bureau did Lincoln create? a. Owner’s b. Freedman’s c. Pioneer’s d. Federal 6) Who was John Wilkes Booth? ______________________________________________________________________ _____ 7) Describe Andrew Johnson. ______________________________________________________________________ _____ 8) Describe the assassination of Abraham Lincoln in two or more sentences. ______________________________________________________________________ _____ 9) Who was Lincoln’s vice president? a. William Seward b. Andrew Johnson c. John Wilkes Booth d. George Washington 10) What were “Black Codes” and where could they be found? _________________________________________________________________________ ________ 11) Who were the Radical Republicans? a. Republicans who believed in blacks rights b. Republicans who made an effort to see a change in government towards other races c. Republicans who wanted to take over the Reconstruction d. All of the above 12) Name one well-known Radical Republican. _________________________________________________________________________ ________ 13) What did the Civil Rights Act of 1866 state? _________________________________________________________________________ ________ 14) What did the Reconstruction Act do? a. Divided the Southern states up into districts to be ruled by military governors until they completed the necessary actions to be reinstated into the Union b. Brought the South back into the Union c. Made negotiations with the South to free their slaves in order to be allowed back into the Union d. None of the above 15) Describe the series of events which caused Johnson’s impeachment. _________________________________________________________________________ ________ 16) What is impeachment? a. When a president is taken out of office for an unlawful act. b. When a president or any gov’t official is accused of an unlawful act. c. When a president or any gov’t official is subject to the Congress’ veto. d. When people get to vote if a gov’t leader should be banned from office. 17) Was Andrew Johnson removed from office upon his impeachment? a. Yes b. No c. No, he finished his term in office, and then did not win in the next election. d. Yes, but he got back into office in the next election. e. Both b and c f. Both a and d 18) Describe Ulysses S. Grant. _________________________________________________________________________ ________ 19) What was the overall reaction to the Enforcement Acts? _________________________________________________________________________ ________ 20) Discuss the differences between the Radical Republicans and the Liberal Republicans. _________________________________________________________________________ ________ 21) How many terms did Ulysses S. Grant serve as President? a. 1 b. 2 nd c. 1 full term, but he got impeached during his 2 term d. None of the above 22) Describe the Whiskey Ring Scandal and give the year it took place. _________________________________________________________________________ ________ 23) What was Andrew Johnson’s plan for Reconstruction? Describe his plans and how they differed from Lincoln’s. _________________________________________________________________________ ________ 24) How did the congressional Republicans assume control over Reconstruction from Johnson? _________________________________________________________________________ ________ 25) What bills and amendments did Congress pass to bring African-Americans into the political system? _________________________________________________________________________ ________ 26) How did the Democrats regain control of Southern state governments? _________________________________________________________________________ ________ 27) How were the presidents during the Gilded Age affected by political and economic philosophies? _________________________________________________________________________ ________ 28) How did men such as John D. Rockefeller manipulate the state of the government and the economy to create monopolies? _________________________________________________________________________ ________ 29) What problems did industrial workers face during the Gilded Age? a. Increased work hours b. Increased child labor c. Unsafe working conditions d. All of the Above 30) How did industrial workers attempt to better their working situation? _________________________________________________________________________ ________ 31) Describe the Whiskey Ring Scandal. _________________________________________________________________________ ________ 32) Who was Rutherford B. Hayes? a. An honest man from Ohio b. A Republican candidate for presidency c. A hero from the Civil War d. All of the Above 33) Who was the Democratic candidate who went up against Rutherford B. Hayes for presidency? a. Homer Plessy b. Jim Crow c. Samuel J. Tilden d. None of the Above 34) Describe the Plessy v Ferguson trial. _________________________________________________________________________ ________ 35) Name at least 2 memorable events that occurred during the Gilded Age. _________________________________________________________________________ ________ 36) Who was James Garfield and why/how was he assassinated? _________________________________________________________________________ ________ 37) Who assassinated James Garfield? a. Homer Plessy b. Samuel J. Tilden c. Grover Cleveland d. Charles Guiteau 38) Who were the Robber Barons? a. People who stole from the rich and gave to the poor. b. People who took over the US economy by creating monopolies to wipe out the competition c. People who were once soldiers and were now poor and stealing was their only way to survive 39) When was the American Federation of Labor created? a. 1890 b. 1899 c. 1886 d. 1870 40) Thomas Edison created the lightbulb. a. True b. False 41) What was the group Thomas Edison created that included many smart men? a. Electric Company b. Menlo Park c. Tesla d. Scientific Company 42) Why were people afraid to move out west? _________________________________________________________________________ ________ 43) How did the killings of buffalo lead to The Battle of the Little Bighorn? _________________________________________________________________________ ________ 44) Name an agricultural advancement discovered in the west in the Gilded Age. _________________________________________________________________________ ________ 45) Which of the following are beliefs of the Populist Party? a. Paper money should be backed by silver instead of gold b. The government should charge income tax based on income c. Direct election of senators d. All of the Above 46) What initially prevented Americans to settle in the West and what made it possible? _________________________________________________________________________ _______ 47) What problems did American farmers face after the Civil War, and what did they politically do about it? _________________________________________________________________________ _______ 48) Who were the Populists? a. A political party who wanted to reproduce more in order to take over more of the land b. A political party who wanted to change things in order to better the farmers c. A political party who wanted to populate the entire continent d. None of the Above Answers to Exam 1 Study Guide (9/26/16) 1) Which amendment abolished slavery? A 2) What was the 10 Percent Plan? B 3) Who assassinated Lincoln? D 4) When did Congress decide to rebel against Johnson? C 5) What Bureau did Lincoln create? B 6) Who was John Wilkes Booth? (Answers will vary on all Free Writing Answers, but I will give my best summary in each one – also, my answers will not be complete sentences, but obviously on the exam you should answer in complete sentences) Assassinator of President Abraham Lincoln, Southern actor who didn’t like Lincoln 7) Describe Andrew Johnson. Vice President to Lincoln until Lincoln dies, becomes President, Hates rich people, Grew up poor, Not in favor of black rights 8) Describe the assassination of Lincoln. Booth plans (along with 2 other people) to kill 2 other people (William H. Seward and Andrew Johnson) as well as Lincoln, only manages to kill Lincoln 9) Who was Lincoln’s VP? B 10) What were “Black Codes” and where could they be found? Southern states, after cooperating with the 10 Percent Plan, could write new state constitutions, and many of them included “Black Codes” which stated that blacks can’t vote, can’t have guns, must have a work contract with a white person at all times, etc 11) Who were the Radical Republicans? D 12) Name one well-known Radical Republican Thaddeus Stevens or Charles Sumner 13) What did the Civil Rights Act of 1866 state? You cannot discriminate against someone based on race 14) What did the Reconstruction Act do? A 15) Describe the series of events which caused Johnson’s impeachment In 1867, the Tenure of Office Act is passed which states that the firing of a Cabinet member has to be approved by the Congress, Johnson fires Edwin Stanton without Congress approval, Congress impeaches Johnson, but Johnson stays in office 16) What is impeachment? B 17) Was Johnson removed from office upon his impeachment? E 18) Describe Ulysses S. Grant Radical Republican’s choice for president, Union general in Civil War, previously owned slaves 19) What was the overall reaction to the Enforcement Acts? Many people called this unconstitutional 20) Discuss the differences between Radical Republicans and Liberal Republicans While Liberal Republicans believe Reconstruction should end because the gov’t is doing too much, Radical Republicans believe they should oversee Reconstruction because they believe it is just not being handled correctly. 21) How many terms did Ulysses S. Grant serve as President? B 22) Describe the Whiskey Ring Scandal In 1875 people would submit less liquor taxes to the gov’t in order to make a profit, Orville Babcock was bribed to make up stories to cover it up, Benjamin Bristow uncovers the scandal 23) What was Andrew Johnson’s plan for Reconstruction and how did they differ from Lincoln’s? On paper Johnson’s plan was identical to Lincoln’s, but in practice, Johnson was too quick to hand out pardons to people without properly analyzing them first 24) How did the congressional Republicans assume control over Reconstruction from Johnson? Congress passed the Reconstruction Act and the Tenure of Office Act which gave them more control over Johnson 25) What bills and amendments did Congress pass to bring African-Americans into the political system? 14 and 15 amendment, Civil Rights Act of 1866 26) How did the Democrats regain control of the Southern state governments? During the presidential election, Democrats claim that Republicans cheated with the Bargain of 1877 27) How were the presidents during the Gilded Age affected by political and economic philosophies? Presidents, and politicians in general, during the Gilded Age were plagued with corruption, handing out jobs to underqualified people in order to better themselves 28) How did men such as John D. Rockefeller manipulate the state of the govt and economy to create monopolies? The govt was in a state where they were convinced it was better to be hands-off, so in dealing with the economy they said “it will fix itself”, so people like Rockefeller created monopolies and took over the economy 29) What problems did industrial workers face during the Gilded Age? D 30) How did industrial workers attempt to better their working conditions? Strikes, unions (such as the AFL) 31) I now realize I repeated this question lol 32) Who was Rutherford B. Hayes? D 33) Who was the Democratic candidate who went up against Hayes for presidency? C 34) Describe the Plessy v Ferguson trial Plessy attempts to challenge the laws separating blacks from whites and gets thrown in jail, sues, and the govt claims that the Jim Crow Laws are not violating the 14 amendment 35) Name 2 memorable events from the Gilded Age This could be anything from the Plessy v Ferguson trial to Garfield’s assassination to monopolies taking over the economy 36) Who was James Garfield and why/how was he assassinated? Garfield was president and he was murdered by getting shot in a train station (and actually died from infection) because Charles Guiteau was crazy and thought Garfield owed him a job, and when Garfield turned him away, he believed Garfield was the Devil 37) Who assassinated Garfield? D 38) Who were the Robber Barons? B 39) When was the AFL created? C 40) Thomas Edison created the lightbulb False 41) What was the group Edison created? B 42) Why were people afraid to move out west? Didn’t want to be attacked by Native Americans, bad soil to farm on, unknown 43) How did the killings of buffalo lead to the Battle of the Little Bighorn? Sioux Indians begin attacking people who kill buffaloes, US makes a treaty with them to stop them from killing people, US breaks treaty when they discover gold on Siuox grounds, then the Sioux go to war with the US 44) Name an agricultural advancement discovered in the west in the Gilded Age? Discovered aquifers (Ogallala Aquifer) in the west so they could farm in the west 45) Which of the following are beliefs of the Populist Party? D 46) What initially prevented Americans from settling in the west and what made it possible? One of the reasons was discussed in #44 47) What problems did American farmers face after the Civil War, and what did they do about it politically? Farmers after the war were in debt, so they started tenant farming, but they went into more debt, so then they started the Populist Party in order to decrease railroad costs and other things that would help them get out of debt 48) Who were the Populists? B
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