Midterm 1 Study Guide
Remember, when it comes to grading, make an argument on your essay, don’t just state facts.
∙ Big movements of the period
o Political parties
o Indian Removal
o Internal improvements
∙ Political Parties
o 1816, one party, Democratic Republicans
Starts to factionalize
o 2nd Party System
Democrats and Whigs
∙ Go over their diferent view of policy and man
Dems: hate anything institutional (leave me alone!)
∙ Hate big government
∙ Andrew Jackson! (and Van Buren)
o Maysville Road veto
o Indian Removal
o Killed the BUS
o Nullification crisis
Whigs: government can help people to do great things
∙ Government can actually make people more free and
∙ Henry Clay
∙ American System
∙ Internal improvements
∙ Win just once
o William Henry Harrison If you want to learn more check out What is the meaning of the individual level?
o Nat Turner’s Rebellion
Consequence was that it made slave codes a lot stricter; it was now illegal to educate slaves/teach them to read
o Missouri Compromise
o Gag Rule
Wouldn’t talk about petitions about slavery in the House.
North/Whigs didn’t like it because the right to petition must be protected
o Nullification crisis about sovereignty and state’s rights
South Carolina tested it with the Tarif but it was really a test to see if this was a viable option in defending the institution of We also discuss several other topics like What is the meaning of biotic?
We also discuss several other topics like What is the impact of globalization on society?
slavery against a hypothetical federal law against it
∙ Era of Good Feelings
o Only 1 political party: Democratic Republicans
o End of War of 1812 learn we need government and can’t go on living in a purely agrarian nation like Jeferson had invisioned
o Period of active government
o 14th Congress
o 2nd National Bank
Was it constitutional?
o Tarif of 1816 1st protective tarif in our nation’s history to protect industry
Constitutional? We also discuss several other topics like What are ideological factors?
o Internal improvements National/Cumberland Road
Are they Constitutional or nah?
o This is where the party starts to split
National Republicans and Democrats
o John Quincy Adams tries to perpetuate Era
∙ Divides party even further because of how popular
Jackson was and people felt he got screwed
∙ Andrew Jackson and Banks
o What did Jackson do and what were the consequences?
o Don’t trust banks
Because didn’t trust foreign investors
o It’s corrupt and too powerful
o Takes advantage of the common man
o National Republicans like it: why?
Creates economic stability
Place to put tax receipts
Regulates smaller banks
o Kills/vetoes the bank Jackson’s veto message
Sets up pet banks
o Pays of national debt with Specie Reform If you want to learn more check out What is the process of natural selection?
Kills paper money so speculators can’t use it
o Panic of 1837 & 1839
∙ Indian Removal
o Opens up Southwest for white settlers
o Kills lots of Native Americans
o Reinvigorates slavery because it’s not doing well in Chesapeake region, gives those slaves more value now that slavery can be expanded westward to farm cotton
∙ Missouri Compromise
o Missouri wanted to come in a slave state If you want to learn more check out What are the five steps of the scientific method?
Tallmadge Amendment suggested gradual emancipation
South doesn’t want to give up balance in the Senate
o Maine comes in as a free state, and Missouri as a slave state o Anything that comes in future will be either free or slave depending on its geographic location to the 36’30 line
∙ Cotton is King
o Reinvigorates slavery
o Southern economy explodes but doesn’t diversify or industrialize ∙ Transportation Revolution
o Roads, canals, railroads, steamboats
o Opens up the west
o Makes New York City a huge financial hub
o Makes the US a viable trading partner
∙ Communications revolution
o Sped up distribution
∙ Amos Kendall