Humanities 16 Study Questions
Humanities 16 Study Questions 49663
Riverside City College
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This 8 page Study Guide was uploaded by RCC_Notes20 on Thursday September 22, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to 49663 at Riverside City College taught by Thomas Yanni in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 14 views. For similar materials see HUM-16 Arts & Ideas: American Culture in Arts and Humanities at Riverside City College.
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Date Created: 09/22/16
Humanities 16 Study questions (Vol.1 pg.1 & Vol.1 pg8) *Study Questions Vol. 1 Pg. 1: 1.) How according to Las Casas, did the Natives greet the Spaniards? The Natives greeted and welcomed them to their land. They were curious about who they were and what they carried. 2.) Why, according to Las Casas, did the Spanish lay waste to the Caribbean islands and its inhabitants? The inhabitants started to grow greedy, unfair and cruel. First they declared war on them. Second they murdered and tortured any native that resisted them as well as anyone who tried to escape. 3.) Does anything in Las Casas’s Narrative Contradict his description of the natives as “simple” and “submissive”? The only thing I would count as a contradiction would be when the Inhabitants were taking the natives food, therefore forcing the natives to hide away their food and claiming they had none left. Making them not as obedient as he claimed them do be. 4.) How does religion influence Las Casas’s interpretation of the Spanish conquest of the Caribbean? The natives were very interested in Christianity and began to worship God, when the inhabitants showed it to them. The people even often said “These would be the most blessed people on earth if they had a chance to convert to christianity.” *Study Questions Vol.1 Pg. 8: 1.) What, according to Hakluyt, would be the religious, economic, and strategic advantages England’s colonization of Virginia? The voyagers would plant religion among the people while increasing the amount of Christians in the land. They would also have a huge advantage in trading with other countries and plant crops in the new rich land. They would basically conquer a new land. 2.) What role did Hakluyt envision the indians playing in English colonization? The Native indians don't seem to have anything to do with the new English Colonization. 3.) Hakluyt cites as the three main goals of colonization as trade, conquest, and to “plant Christian religion.” Do these goals seem Compatible? Why do you think Hakluyt mingled them so Casually? The 3 goals of the colonization seem compatible because it would be hard to do those things when there is no conquest. I think Hakluyt listed them so casually because they wish to do at least 1 off the 3. Mainly Conquer new things or land. 4.) Why do you suppose Hakluyt thought it would be hard to plant religion without conquest? Why would commerce easily follow conquest? Is this how we look at globalization today? I think Hakluyt thought it would be hard to plant religion without conquest because not many people knew about Christianity so the more they explored and traveled the better the religion spread. We look at globalization differently today I believe. It would follow conquest because new lands need to trade and receive goods from other lands to survive ad thrive. I believe we still do look at this globally. Nicole Romero Humanities 16 (Vol. 1&2 Pgs. 12,17,23 & 136) Study Questions (Vol. 1 pg. 12) * According to winthrop, what was the purpose of the Massachusetts Bay Colony? What sort of relationship between church and state does Winthrop envision? The purpose of the colony was to establish a haven for Puritans inAmerica, after King Charles I clashed with them. Winthrop envisioned his fondest hopes and darkest fears for the christian commonwealth. *Why do you think Winthrop begins his sermon with an extended discussion of the divine origin social and economic inequalities? Who or what is responsible for inequalities among men? What is his attitude toward democracy? I think Winthrop gave a sermon like that to make the people think that they had a special destiny inAmerica. God is responsible for inequalities among men. Winthrop didn't like democracy, he thought it was the worst think a government could do. *What did Winthrop mean when he declared that “we shall be a city upon a hill?” What does Winthrop suggest will happen if the settlers fail to live up to God’s standards? When he said that, he wanted the Puritan colony to be an influence on other governments and religions. He think they will be punished by God if they don't live up to his standards. *What does this sentiment suggest about the colonial attitudes toward individualism? I Think individualism to them is very important, because based on that statement he wants everyone to take each others conditions as their own too. *What do you think? In my opinionAmerica has accomplished a lot of freedoms that other countries are still fighting to get. But on the other hand there are also other countries that have already gone through whatAmerica is going through today. Study Questions (Vol. 1 pg. 17) *In the opinion of Edwards, how does God look upon Mankind? What is the Character, according to Edwards, of “Natural Men?” According to Edwards, God see’s man as horrible wicked sinners who are already bound to hell.According to edwards “Natural Men” care about their own lives, or care on others to preserve their lives for them. *Why do you think the sermon upset Edwards listeners? Do you think it retains its power today Why/Why Not? I think it upset them because they all think they were already being bound to hell for eternity. I don't think is has as much power today, because we’re in a different time where people have different beliefs. *How does Edward’s tone characterize or contradict the tone of the broader awakening movement? I think it contradicts it because originally you were bound to hell with nothing to save you, but the broader awakening movement brought the power of spiritual rebirth saving them. * What do you think Edward’s beliefs about humans relationship with god and the nature of salvation? I think edward believed humans were doomed to be bound to hell until they were spiritually saved. Study Questions (Vol. 1 pg. 23) *How did Franklin learn about Deism? He learned about it through the growing popularity of Deism in Europe and America. *Why, according to Franklin, did he have second thoughts about Deism? In my own understanding and words I think Franklin thought Deism just didn't make any sense and doubled the Divinity of Jesus. *What is the significance of Franklin’s rejection of Deism as “Not very useful?” What does this suggest about his attitude toward religion? Because it didn't describe what was right or what was wrong. He thinks religion is general is not very useful. *why do you think Franklin, depicted himself as rejecting deism when he still held to its major tenants? Do you think he was considering the beliefs of the typicalAmerican who would be reading his story? Because it was almost like he needed a religion to go by. Yes, I think he was. Study Questions (Vol. 2 pg. 136) I think Mann thinks todays wilderness is artificial compared to all those years ago. * I think the lands today are artificial because today man has interfered with nature and has altered a lot of it, making it mostly artificial. * Mann i think questioned natives living in the landscape before ad after the Europeans. It doesn't sound very persuasive. * The Pigeons were collapsing because they were greedily eating too much. I think this applies to after the Europeans arrived to theAmericas. Nicole Romero Humanities 16 Vol. 1 Pgs. 26,31, 35, 41, 55 and 59 Study Questions (Vol. 1 Pg. 26) * How and why, according to Jefferson, are people ofAfrican origin distinct from people of European origin? According to Jefferson there were many reasons that made theAfrican origin distinct from the European one. For example, the first thing I saw was that he pointed out the color of their skin. Next he pointed out the hair on their head and body.Along with their body oder, how much they don't have to sleep and how dull they are. * At several points, Jefferson ascribes social and cultural characteristics to genetic origins. What are some examples? 1. They are more tolerant to heat 2. They have better music than the whites 3. They have poetry *Is it possible to reconcile these two documents? How do you think Jefferson would answer such a question? I believe it would be possible to reconcile the documents, because we have come a long way since then so I believe settling two differences would be good. I don't think he would like the idea of reconciling the documents because he made his fortune on slave labor even though he believed all men are equal. *How would you characterize the tone of Jefferson’s writing in Notes on the State of Virginia? Who are his intended readers? To me the tone sounded a little harsh. I’m not sure if it was because he actually felt like he was above theAfrican origin or if it was because he was actually telling the blunt truth of how things actually were. Study Questions (Vol. 1 pg. 31) *In “TheAble Doctor” what is the significance ofAmerica being portrayed as a partially nude and vulnerable woman as a NativeAmerican? What details in the picture suggest rape? It signifies thatAmericans were people free from restrictive and overly refined European Civilization. To me there are a few things in the picture that suggest rape, such as the man holding down her legs and looking up her skirt and the other man holding her arms down too, while she is topless. *What was the artists suggesting about Britain’s treatment ofAmerica, and about the complexity ofAmerican attitudes toward the mother country? That Great Britain looks atAmerica in disgust and looks the other way whenever we do something they disapprove of. *How do the cartoons suggest a conflict between civilization and nature? What do they suggest about youth and generational conflict?About the implied national characters ofAmerican and Great Britain? In one of the cartoons they use two dead trees to represent whatAmerica and Britain stand for. On Britain’s side is a dead tree with a sign in front of it that says “For obedience” and onAmerica’s side is a healthy tree with a sign that says “For Liberty.” Britain’s representation is a well dressed mother andAmerica is a topless Indian daughter fist fighting. *How do these two artists use the personification ofAmerica to commit on the brewing revolutionary crisis? Does the tone of either cartoon suggest a hope that all-out warfare might be averted? The first personification portrayedAmerica in a sorry, used and vulnerable state during the revolutionary crisis. Both of them don't really look like war-fare could be averted but instead the opposite. Study Questions (Vol. 1 pg. 35) *What specifically, according to Jefferson, gaveAmericans the right to revolt against British rule? He felt it was right because when he made the Declaration of Independence he put the inborn rights of all mankind, not just the rights of Englishmen. *What specific complaints against King George III does the Declaration mention? To name a few complaints, because there are a lot, King George III has forbidden governors to pass laws of immediate and pressing importance, refused to pass laws for the accommodations of large districts of people and he has refused to cause others to be elected. *Of these allegations, taxation is not mentions until the seventeenth complaints. Why do you think this was the case? Maybe because taxation isn't as big of a problem as the others are. *Do you believe thatAmerica since the Revolution has held true to the ideals of the Declaration of Independence? Do you thinkAmerica today adheres to these “Self-evident truths?” I thinkAmerica has tried its best to stay true to the Declaration of Independence, but today sometimes doesn't follow the Declaration. Study Questions (Vol. 1 pg. 41) *What does the order and length of the first three articles suggest about the significance the delegates gave to each of the three branches of government? To me the order and length suggests they put in a lot of time and effort to make sure each of the three branches synced perfectly with each other. *What powers were given to and withheld from congress? What specific restrictions did the delegates place upon the states? InArticle 8. it states that Congress has the power to collect taxes, duties, imposts and excises, to pay debts and provide the common defense and general welfare of the US. But all duties, imposts and excises shall be uniformed throughout the US. Article 10. states that NO state shall enter any treatyAlliance or Confederation *What does this say about the framers faith in the judgement of ordinaryAmericans? I don’t think they put much faith into the ordinaryAmerican’s vote. which is why they only voted for members of the House of Representatives. *Do you think it would be possible today for a new federal Constitution to be written and ratified? Today I don't think it would be possible because, we already buildAmerica from our original one. It would be a bit much to just erase everything and start from scratch again. Study Questions (Vol. 1 pg. 55) *What specific actions does the Bill of Rights prohibit? It prohibits unreasonable research and seizure, cruel and unusual punishment and compelled self-incrimination. *What was the original purpose of the Bill of Rights? What problems in the Constitution was is meant to solve? The original purpose was to help ratify the Constitution. The constitution needed a bill of rights because the constitution itself didn't list any rights that the people had, therefore the bill of rights had to be made. *Do any of the first ten amendments strike you as irrelevant or misguided today? Why? None of the ten amendments seem irrelevant or misguided for today, because we still use all of them. Except today some people are fighting to get rid of the right to bare arms amendment. Study Questions (Vol. 1 pg. 59) What is the relationship between a EuropeanAmerican Lady Liberty and theAfricanAmerican * in the painting? What does this suggest about the artist’s intentions and assumptions? In the painting it looks like a master and slave relationship, maybe the woman is going to read to her slave. To me it seems like the artists is suggesting that blacks don't know how to read. * What is the significance of the various objects portrayed in the painting- a lyre, a globe, a palette, a sculpture, a telescope and books? Maybe the artists is trying to create a setting on where the painting is taking place. It looks like it would be in a library or in the European woman’s home. * Why do you think the artist relegated the ship, a symbol of commerce, to the far background? What kind of commerce do you think is being represented? Why include commerce at all? Maybe because the artist wanted to include commerce but not as direct or in plain sight in the painting. I think at first glance the ship represents the slaves being brought to america to be sold to Europeans as slaves. I think the artists chose to include commerce in the painting because maybe they wanted to record what was happening in the time they were in then, which was filled with commerce. *How might a contempory artist use allegory to depict twenty-first-centuryAmerican ideals? What could symbolize the “genius” ofAmerica today? Today they might use a cartoon or a small digital art piece to depict america today. In my opinion a symbol for america today would be someone holding the american flag in disappointment or in feeling of sadness or sympathy.
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