Rock and Roll and American Society (MMC 1702) Exam #1 Study Guide
Rock and Roll and American Society (MMC 1702) Exam #1 Study Guide MMC1702
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This 5 page Study Guide was uploaded by Cassandra Alamilla on Thursday September 22, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to MMC1702 at University of Florida taught by Carlson,David E in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 14 views. For similar materials see Rock 'n Roll and American Society in Journalism and Mass Communications at University of Florida.
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Date Created: 09/22/16
MMC1702 Exam #1 Study Guide Labor Pains Alan Freed – He was the first person that used the term rock ‘n’ roll to describe music. He was a radio DJ and he aired rhythm and blues and country music and called it the rock and roll show. Ragtime (Scott Joplin) – Scott Joplin’s ragtime song “Maple Leaf Rag” was the first crossover hit. It sold 1 million copies (sheet music) in the early 1900s Jazz/Blues/Gospel – The genres that contributed greatly to the creation of rock and roll. Race Records/Music – Music for blacks created by blacks. Race music is the first “real” music to convey deep feeling. Race music had a gritty vocal quality Bessie Smith – “The Empress of the Blues”; Sold 780,000 copies of “St. Louis Blues”; The first blues artist that sold the most copies Billie Holiday – Most significant jazz female artist of the times. She was also a social activist and performed protest music (ex: “Strange Fruit) Hillbilly/Country Music – Music for the rural white south and southwest and made by the rural white; Hillbilly music has a clear, honest vocal style, southern dialect and down to earth lyrics Hank Williams – Musician that popularized Hillbilly/Country music. Also, there were 3 generations of musicians: Hank, Hank Jr. and Hank III. Jump blues – Music style that is similar to Boogie Woogie but it had a horn section. Louis Jordan was the “Father of Jump Blues” Louis Jordan – Called the “Father of Jump Blues”; He made the song “Choo Choo Ch’Boogie” Bing Crosby – One of the first pop stars that gained a lot of fame. He sang about sex despite his boring or tame appearance. Frank Sinatra – The first rock and roll star before there was rock and roll. In the 40’s, Sinatra combined elements of jazz, Broadway, and tin-pan alley with his renderings of the American popular song genres. Some people think that Sinatra created the first ever concept album, an album centered around a single idea. Mississippi Ghosts Mississippi Delta Blues – Blues that came from Mississippi, Highway 61. It has folk and gospel influences and has a gritty singing style Highway 61 – The blues highway, the “cradle of the blues.” Travels from New Orleans, through Memphis, St. Louis, then Minneapolis, and ends in Duluth, Minnesota. The Crossroads – The legend of the crossroads: In Clarksdale, Mississippi, the junction of highways 61 and 49, Robert Johnson had a meeting with Satan. Satan took the guitar from him, tuned it, giving him mastery of the instrument, for the price of his soul. Robert Johnson – One of the most important delta blues musicians and one of the biggest influencers on all of Rock and Roll music. He was a very mysterious man, especially with the legend of the crossroads. Only had 2 recording sessions: 1936 and 1937. The music was released in a compilation album in 1961. Legend says that died because he was poisoned by the owner of a juke joint cause Johnson was fooling around with his wife. Johnson died an excruciating death. King of the Delta Blues Singers – Album released in 1961 by Columbia that had Robert Johnson’s music. Released after Johnson died. The release was a key moment in Rock and Roll music. Charley Patton – The “Father of the Delta Blues”; Famous for his showmanship. He played his guitar behind his bead, with his teeth, etc. He wrote songs about American life and he wrote a song about the 1927 Great Mississippi River Flood, “High Water Everywhere.” “High Water Everywhere” – Song by Charley Patton about the 1927 Great Mississippi River Flood. One of the most destructive river floods in American history. Son House – Known for strong, repetitive rhythms in his spiritual music. A guy torn between church and the bar room, faith and music. Began his musical career in the 1930s, when he performed Clarksdale Blues. He was rediscovered in the 1960s. Inducted in the Blues Hall of Fame but not the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame. Lead Belly – Known for vocal power, skill on 12-string guitar, and his songbook of traditional blues tunes he reinterpreted. Discovered by John Lomax and made famous by Lomax. Covered by Credence Clearwater Revival, Abba, Led Zeppelin, and Nirvana. Sound of the City, Part 1 – New Orleans Louis Armstrong – “Ambassador of Jazz”; Armstrong was a man whose personality and showmanship overshadowed the fact of his genius as a musician. He was the first jazz artist to be featured as a soloist. His song, “Hello Dolly,” (his most famous song), made him the oldest person to top the Billboard singles chart. He was 63 and the song ended the The Beatles’ streak of 3 #1 hits in 1963. Another famous song of his is “What a Wonderful World.” “Hello Dolly” – Louis Armstrong’s most famous song. It made him the oldest person to top the Billboard singles chart. He was 63 and the song ended the The Beatles’ streak of 3 #1 hits in 1963. Jelly Roll Morton – The “father of jazz piano.” Claims to have invented jazz. But he did make it more popular and made the sound more unique. Started playing piano at 12 years old in brothels. Professor Longhair – Nicknamed the “Bach of Rock” for his masterful piano delivery. He was active in 2 eras of music: early jazz/blues (late 1940s and early 1950s) – “Bald Head”, “Tipitina”, “Big Chief”- and in 1971 he came back to the music scene after his appearance in the New Orleans Heritage Jazz Festival. Dr. John, the biggest disciple of Longhair, brought him back to the music scene. Fats Domino – New Orleans’ first Rock and Roll star (before there was rock and roll). His music grew out of jump blues. The only artist to crossover from R&B to Rock and Roll. Sold more records in the 1950s than anyone except Elvis. Dave Bartholomew – Co-wrote a majority of the songs for Fats Domino and produced Fats’ recording sessions “Lady Madonna” – A song by The Beatles that is a tribute to Fats Domino Lloyd Price – A key performer of New Orleans Rhythm and Blues. He was famous but not as famous as Fats Domino. Famous songs: “Lawdy Miss Clawdy”, “Stagger Lee”, “Personality” Allen Touissant – Performer and songwriter. One of the greatest backroom figures of Rock and Roll. Wrote songs for Ernie K-Doe, Lee Dorsey, and Chris Kenner. Ernie K-Doe – Performed songs written by Allen Touissant. In the 90s, he started calling himself the “Emperor of the Universe.” Songs: “Mother in Law”, “A Certain Girl” Lee Dorsey – Performed many songs written by Touissant. He opened for The Clash on their US Tour in 1980. Songs: “Working in the Coalmine”, “Ride Your Pony”, “Ya Ya” Chris Kenner – Performed songs by Touissant. Began singing in church. Sang “I Like It Like That” and “Land of a Thousand Dances” (covered by many artists0 Sound of the City, Part 2 – Chicago Electric/Urban Blues Chess Records – The most important indie blues label; signed the most popular blues artist. Founded by Leonard Chess and his brother Phil Chess. Etta James was one of the female artists under Chess. Address: 2120 S Michigan Ave, Chicago, IL. Cadillac Records – The movie about Chess Records which included actors playing Muddy Waters, Howlin’ Wolf and Etta James. Muddy Waters – Known as the finest blues artist, was discovered by Alan Lomax. His grandmother gave him the name Muddy Waters because he would always play in the mud as a kid. First hit was “Rollin Stone”, which is one of the sources of the name of both the magazine and the band. Willie Dixon – Dixon co-wrote a majority of the songs of Muddy Waters. He is a songwriter, producer, and creative partner. Dixon sued Led Zeppelin for not giving credit to him and Waters for several songs. John Lee Hooker – Did not record only for Chess records; he recorded for many labels under many names. He was the only bluesman from the “old days” to enjoy the rock and roll fame. His music style is the “walking blues style” The Blues Brothers – Famous movie from the 1980s starring John Belushi and Dan Akroyd. John Lee Hooker had a cameo in the movie and performed his most famous song “Boom Boom” Elmore James – Recorded for Chess Records. James is covered by artists more than any other blues artist. Known more for his guitar skills than his songwriting. His guitar style was “slide guitar.” Sound of the City, Part 3 – Memphis Memphis Recording Service – Created by Sam Phillips in Memphis in 1950. A studio where artists would record music but the music was released by other labels such as Chess Records. Sun Records – Created by Sam Phillips in 1952. Many of the early rock and roll artists were recorded here, especially Elvis Presley. Address: 706 Union Ave, Memphis, Tennessee. Phillips wanted to release music under his own label, so he created Sun Records. Sam Phillips – Producer, label owner, talent scout. Owner of Memphis Recording Service and Sun Records. He had a great ear for talent. He ran Sun Records with Marion Keisker Marion Keisker – Sam Phillips’ partner in Sun Records. The first person to discover Elvis Presley when Presley came in to record. Keisker told Phillips to give Elvis a chance. Ike Turner – Made the first rock and roll song, “Rocket 88”, with Sam Phillips in 1951. But the song was accredited to Jackie Brenston. Elvis Presley – “The King of Rock and Roll”; He was the catalyst of rock and roll- He performed black music in a white sort of style and vice versa. Also, he was the first person to define rock and roll in terms of style, attitude and music. First recorded for Sun Records, then RCA Recors Scotty Moore and Bill Black – The guitarist and bassist that was paired with Elvis when Elvis recorded for Sun Records. Dewey Phillips – Radio DJ that played Elvis’ songs on his radio and made Elvis popular, especially with black people. Col. Tom Parker – Illegal immigrant name Andreas van Kujik, but gave himself the name Col. Tom Parker. He convinced Elvis to sign for RCA Records and to become his manager. Parker made Elvis famous but took 50% of Elvis’ earnings. Million Dollar Quartet – Jerry Lee Lewis, Carl Perkins, Johnny Cash, and Elvis Presley did an impromptu jam session in Sun Records. Sam Phillips recorded it all. The group was the first super group in history. “Hound Dog”/”Don’t Be Cruel” - The first record in history to top pop, R&B, and country charts. The songs were #1 for 11 weeks. The Comeback Special – In December of 1968, Elvis did a NBC made-for-TV special where he sang all of his hit songs and his new stuff. This special was his first live performance in 7 years and it was a success. “If I Can Dream” – The final song that Elvis performed in his TV Comeback Special. The song had quotes from Martin Luther King’s speech “I Had a Dream.” The song was written 2 months after MLK’s assassination. Aloha From Hawaii – In January of 1973, the first global concert broadcasted by satellite. It was an Elvis concert in Hawaii. It is the most watched broadcast by an individual entertainer in TV history. Graceland – Elvis’ home in Memphis and where he died. Graceland is the second most visited house in the US after the White House
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