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Part 1 exam study guide for Cumulative Final

by: sheridan butcher

Part 1 exam study guide for Cumulative Final HS 105

Marketplace > Erskine College > History, Political Science > HS 105 > Part 1 exam study guide for Cumulative Final
sheridan butcher

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About this Document

This study guide covers part one of two parts of the final cumulative exam. It covers terms from Mexico, North Korea, NATO, China and Russia.
Contemporary Global Issues
Dr. Grier
Study Guide
global, Issues, Mexico, Russia, NATO, North, Korea, China
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This 6 page Study Guide was uploaded by sheridan butcher on Friday September 23, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to HS 105 at Erskine College taught by Dr. Grier in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 10 views. For similar materials see Contemporary Global Issues in History, Political Science at Erskine College.

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Date Created: 09/23/16
1. Maquiladoras- a factory that bordered the US and Mexico a. Lower immigration rate US so it supplied more jobs in Mexico in the late 1950’s- early 1960’s 2. NAFTA- North American Free Trade Agreement a. Negotiated by Canada Mexico and US in 1994 b. settled economic relations between the three countries c. created a free trade zone in north America d. increased foreign investment in Mexico’s economy 3. Drug Cartels- a. Highest kidnapping rate in Mexico as a result b. Most drugs came from Colombia to Mexico to US c. In 2006 Mexico and the US cracked down on drug trafficking 4. Autodefensas- Self- defense groups a. Formed in 1997 b. Self-defense groups made up to try to reduce the amount of violence related to drug trafficking 5. North Korea= DPRK- Democratic people’s republic of Korea 6. Authoritarian- governing that values control over personal freedom a. Since 1947 the Kim family ruled North Korea b. Very strict sensorium 7. Kim II Sung- leader of the DPRK from 1947 until the 1990’s when he passed away a. Great leader b. In WWII launched an invasion on South Korea in 1950, started Korean war c. Formed communism d. Koreans believed him to have created the world e. North Korea failed to take over south Korea and vice versa which ignited the seesaw war f. Goal was to unify Korea under his rule 8. Juche- a self-alliance a. Isolation from the world b. North Korea tried to establish its economy with little to no help from foreign counties in the 1950’s c. Kim Sung’s idea 9. Pyonyang- the capital of North Korea in the South West part of Korea a. In 1948 two churches where Actors and activists worshiping to fake foreigners 10.Personality Cult- the brainwashing dine by the Kims a. Everything had to have portraits of the Kims 11.Kim Jong II- The dear leader a. General secretary in 1990’s b. Development nuclear weapons c. 2003 withdrew from the nuclear weapons agreement d. 2006 detonate the first atomic device e. Collapsed economy under his rule because the industry was outdated f. No incentive and inefficient g. Caused starvation h. Allowed the UN to step in i. Fed soldiers but not civilians j. No military experience 12.Non-Proliferation – treaty a. North Korea announced a withdrawal from the NPT in 2003 and began operating their nuclear facilities again b. Against nuclear activity 13.Core Class- 25% of the population (upper class) a. Helps communist revolution 14.Basic masses- 55% of population (middle class) a. Workers and farmers 15.Hostile classes- 20% of population (lower class) a. Opposes government b. Supports Japanese 16.Kim Jong Un- military leader and dictator a. Became leader in 2011 b. Supreme leader c. Under his rule, are continuing weapon testing programs 17.League of Nations- an international organization established after WWI under the provisions of the treaty of Versailles in the 1920’s a. Forerunner of the UN b. Brought to attention focus on health and labor problems c. Too weak to prevent the world war in 1939 d. Keep the peace 18.General Assembly- legislative branch of the state government a. Most states compromise the senate and house of representatives b. Bills can be sponsored by a senator or representative or senate or house committee c. all bills have to be approved by the senate and the house before getting sent to the governor for final approval 19.Security Council- the UN’s most powerful body with primary responsibly for the maintenance of peace and security a. Five powerful countries sit as the permanent members b. 10 elected members with 2 year terms c. Dispatches military operations d. Imposes sanctions e. Mandates arms inspections f. Deploys election monitors 20.International court f justice- principle judicial organ of the UN a. Established in 1945 by the charter of the UN b. Court composed of 15 judges selected for terms of office for 9 years elected by the UN’s general assembly and security council c. Main languages are English and French 21.The Hague, Netherlands- a city on the North Sea coast of the Netherlands a. Gthis binnenhof complex is the sea of the Dutch parliament b. 16 century Noordeindee palace in the king’s work place c. Home of the UN’s international court of justice i. Headquartered in the peace palace and the international criminal court 22.Secretariat- the department that fulfills its central administrative or general secretary duties 23.UNICEF, UNESCO- Separate UN agencies a. The UNICEF headquarter in NYC b. Executive director is traditionally a US citizen c. UNESCO headquarters in Paris d. Director general instead of executive director e. Separate agencies but the work can over lay particularly in education 24.World Health Organization (WHO)- 1948 the purpose was global vaccination campaigns a. Responds t public health emergencies i. Especially pandemics b. Works to stamp out life threatening diseases like polio and malaria 25.World Bank- 1945 loans for reconstruction a. Economic development b. To reduce poverty c. Improve living standards 26.International Monetary Fund (IMF)- purpose temporary loans to strengthen currency a. 189 countries work to foster global monetary cooperation b. Secure financial stability c. Facilitate international trade d. Promote high employment e. Sustainable economic growth f. Reduce world poverty 27.World Trade Organization (WTO)- provides a forum for governments to negotiate trade agreements, lower tariffs and reduce trade barriers a. Only global international organization dealing with the rules of trade between nations 28.NATO- primarily military action a. North American treaty organization b. After WWII (1950) c. First started with allies (US France and Britain) d. Opposed security for the Soviet Union e. No military action towards the western countries 29.Brussels, Belgium- headquarters for NATO 30.Warsaw Pact- Soviet Union and its affiliates communist nations in eastern Europe founded a rival alliance again NATO in 1955 31.Consensus- general agreement- form of decision making after discussion and consultation among member countries in NATO a. Fundamental principle has been excepted as the sole basis as the decision making in NATO since the creation of the alliance in 1949 32.Yugoslavia- 1999 NATO commits an air strike against Yugoslavia with the bombing of Serbian military positions in the Yugoslav-province of Kosovo 33.Bosnia- wants to join NATO a. For support b. For democratic c. Institutional d. Security sector e. defense reforms f. the alliance had been committed to building long term peace and stability in Bosnia since the early 1990’s when it started supporting the international communities’ efforts to end the conflict in Bosnia 34.Serb- Serbia does not aspire to join the alliance however it is deepening its political dialogue in cooperation with NATO on common interest 35.Kosovo- NATO has been leading a peace/ support operation in KOSOVO since 1999 in support of wider international efforts to build peace and stability in the area 36.Gorbachev- first resident of the Soviet Union for 1990-1991 a. Promoted peaceful international relations b. Ordered soviet troops to withdraw from Afghanistan c. Through negotiations with US president Reagan played role in ending the Cold War 37.Yeltsin- began as a protégé of Gorbachev a. Became critical of Gorbachev b. After the Soviet Union collapsed, he became president of Russia c. Tried to convert from communist to free market d. Erratic and irrational e. Got involved in war in Chechnya f. Reelected for a second term g. Resigned in 1999 38.Chechnya- a republic in south western Russia a. Situation on the northern flank of greater Caucasus range 39.Grozny- capitol of the republic of Chechnya 40.Putin- president in 2000 a. Seen as a person who fixed the economy b. Russian intervention in Ukraine brought conflict c. Served as president 2000-present 41.Beslan- school full of hostages that were children a. Russians attacked and the hostages died b. Brutal conflict between Chechnya and Russia (2000) 42.Khrushchev- soviet leader a. Publicized Stalin’s crimes b. Major player in the Cuban missile crisis 43.Medvedev- 44.Crimea- Russia soldiers began to take over without markings on uniforms and no one recognized it to Russia’s started taking over the towns and the governments 45.Ukraine- Russia intends to take measures to prevent Ukraine military from attacking Crimea a. Ukraine is worried that Putin is preparing the ground for another military action against the former Soviet republic (present) b. Nationalists wanted Ukraine c. Whether or not Ukraine would sign trade agreement 46. Mao Zedong- transforms china in 1949 to the people’s republics china (communist) a. Created extensive reforms b. Mao won= china was a mess i. Unified ii. Destructed from WWI and WWII against Japan iii. He wanted to accomplish these things: 1. Unify china 2. Carry out socialist revolution 3. Illuminate poverty 4. Increase china’s strength dignity and indigence relation to foreign powers 47.Land redistribution- China has tons of peasants and farmers a. Moa pay great importance on land reform b. Taken from the rich and given to the poor 48.Collectivization- the government takes land back and the peasants and farmers work on it (1950) 49.Great Leap Forward- a terrible catastrophe a. Attack on families and communities b. Supposedly a slap in the face to Russia c. Several collectives come together for commune and the land lord enemies, peasants and citizens talk back to land lords and may peasants got executed 50.Commune- huge collective farms a. Almost like camps b. Wanted people to think of the state as family 51.Deng Xiaoping- Chinese communist leader a. Most powerful figure in china in the 1970’s b. Abandoned all orthodox communisms and intended to have a free enterprise system c. Under his power industrial and agricultural economy was transformed d. Chinese communist party has not permitted a political reform 52.Cultural Revolution- caused the death of 30 million people a. Many died because of hunger b. Set in motion by Mao c. Goal was to preserve the communist ideal ology in the country by purging the capitalist and traditional elements from Chinese society d. Began in the 1960’s e. Ended because the gang of four were arrested 53.Responsibility system- launched in the 1980’s a. An agricultural production system that allowed households to contract land b. Machinery and other facilities from collective organizations c. Aim was to preserve basic unified management of the collective economy by giving out land and other goods to households 54.Special Ecomonic X+Zone- area in which business and trade laws differ from the rest of the country a. Aims to i. increase trade ii. increase investment iii. increase job creation iv. effective administration 55.Shezhen- A city in south eastern China a. Links hong kong to chinas mainland 56.Gaokao- known as the higher education exam a. People took up to three years to study b. Suicide rates increased when results were released c. Very hard exam d. College entrance exam 57.Hu Yaobang- a general secretary and chairman of the Chinese communist party 58.Tiananmen- 1999 June fourth incident 6/4- a. Series of protests and demonstrations in china b. Cracked down on demonstrators in Tiananmen square in Beijing 59.Three Gorges Dam (Yangtze)- the rivers were overflowing a. Largest construction product in history b. Completed ahead of time in 2006 c. Was 370 miles’ long d. Purpose was t generate electricity e. basically to stop the flooding 60.Beijing Olympics 2008- china was weak in the mid 1800 a. Redemption b. More gold metals than any other country c. “we’re back” d. Opened china to free trade made the economy jump 61.Xi Jinping- 2013-present a. More aggressive for foreign policy b. Program for cultural and economic expansion called the one belt one road 62.One belt, One Road- building of pipelines for gas and oil a. Roads to link the areas for trade b. Involves 50 countries c. Somewhat restarting the silk road 63.Diaoyu (Senkaku) Islands Dispute- japan and china are fighting over these islands a. Present b. China claims that they have been aware of these islands since the fifteenth century c. Japan claims that in the 1800 when japan surveyed the islands there were no signs of Chinese occupation 64.Spatlys, Parcels- a. China, Vietnam, Malaysia and the Philippines are fighting over the territories


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